2 PROPER PROCEDURE FOR MAKING HYDRANT CONNECTIONS 3 inch or smaller intake lineRemove intake hose(s), hydrant wrench and other required tools from the pumperUnroll the hoseConnect the hose(s) to the pumperPlace the hydrant wrench on the hydrant valve stem operating nut with the handle pointing away from the outletsRemove the appropriate cap(s)Fully open and close the hydrant to make sure there is water and nothing is blocking the discharge(s)PROPER PROCEDURE FOR MAKING HYDRANT CONNECTIONS
3 PROPER PROCEDURE FOR MAKING HYDRANT CONNECTIONS Connect the hose(s) to the hydrant, using any adapters necessaryFully open the hydrantTighten any connection(s) that leakPROPER PROCEDURE FOR MAKING HYDRANT CONNECTIONS
4 PROPER PROCEDURE FOR MAKING HYDRANT CONNECTIONS 4 ½ inch or larger soft sleeveRemove intake hose, hydrant wrench and other required tools from the pumperUnroll the hoseConnect the hose to the pumperPlace the hydrant wrench on the hydrant valve stem operating nut with the handle pointing away from the outletRemove the appropriate capOpen and close the hydrant to make sure there is water and nothing is blocking the dischargePROPER PROCEDURE FOR MAKING HYDRANT CONNECTIONS
5 PROPER PROCEDURE FOR MAKING HYDRANT CONNECTIONS Connect the hose to the hydrant, using any adapters that may be necessaryFully open the hydrantTighten any connection(s) that leakPROPER PROCEDURE FOR MAKING HYDRANT CONNECTIONS
9 PROPER PROCEDURE FOR MAKING HYDRANT CONNECTIONS 4 ½ inch or larger hard intake lineFirefighter #1Check to see booster tank valve is closedRemove the pump intake capAssist with the removal of the hard suction from the pumperAssist with the connection of the hard suction to the pumperAssist with the connection of the hard suction to the hydrantFully open the hydrantTighten any connections that are leakingNote: Steps f and g can be reversed depending on local policy.PROPER PROCEDURE FOR MAKING HYDRANT CONNECTIONS
10 PROPER PROCEDURE FOR MAKING HYDRANT CONNECTIONS Firefighter #2Remove the hydrant wrench and adapter (if necessary) from the hydrantRemove the hydrant outlet capPlace the hydrant wrench on the hydrant valve stem operating nut with the handle pointing away from the outletOpen and close the hydrant to make sure there is water and nothing is blocking the dischargePlace the adapter on the 4 ½ inch outlet, if necessaryAssist with the removal of the hard suction from the pumperAssist with the connection of the hard suction to the pumperAssist with the connection of the hard suction to the hydrant(Note: Steps g and h can be reversed by local policy)PROPER PROCEDURE FOR MAKING HYDRANT CONNECTIONS
13 HAND LAY 300 FT OF SUPPLY LINE FROM PUMPER TO A WATER SOURCE Hoseline dragStand alongside the hose line and pick up the nozzle or couplingPlace the hose line over your shoulder with the coupling (nozzle) in front resting on the chestHold the coupling in place while pulling with the shoulderHAND LAY 300 FT OF SUPPLY LINE FROM PUMPER TO A WATER SOURCE
16 HAND LAY 300 FT OF SUPPLY LINE FROM PUMPER TO A WATER SOURCE Shoulder loadsLoadStand with back to engineSecond firefighter stacks hose back and forth on shoulder with loops at waist lengthMaximum 100 foot per firefighterMove forward 15 feetUnloadFirst to get loaded is last to unloadAll walk toward objectiveFirefighter closest to hose bed (last to get loaded) begins to flake out hoseOnce out of hose, next firefighter starts to dropRepeat until at objective or run out of hoseHAND LAY 300 FT OF SUPPLY LINE FROM PUMPER TO A WATER SOURCE
17 CLEANING AND MAINTAINING FIRE HOSE Washing hoseLay the section of hose out straightUse a broom or brush to remove dust and dirtWash and scrub with clear waterIf all spots have not been removed, scrub with mild soap or detergentRinse properly and completelyDry hose if required:Hose towerPlaced on an inclined rackPlaced in a cabinet-type hose dryerCLEANING AND MAINTAINING FIRE HOSE
20 CLEANING AND MAINTAINING COUPLINGS Clean threads to remove tar, dirt, gravel and oilRemove gasket and twist the female swivel in warm, soapy waterReplace gasket:Hold the gasket between your middle finger and thumb with your index finger resting on the outside of the gasketFold the outer rim of the gasket upward by pulling with your index fingerPlace the gasket into the swivel by permitting the large loop of the gasket to enter the coupling swivel at the place provided for the gasketAllow the small loop to fall into place by releasing your grip on the gasketCLEANING AND MAINTAINING COUPLINGS
27 HomeworkMatch terms associated with fire hose to their definitions. Write the correct letters on the blanks. (2 pts. each, 14/18)___ 1. That portion of the coupling that serves as a point of attachment to the hose___ 2. Wet or dry piping system that provides fire department outlets and private hoselines so that water can be taken to upper floors or remote areas of a structure___ 3. Gasket used at the end of the hose where it is expanded into the shank of the coupling___ 4. Hose storage compartment___ 5. Extra fold placed along the length of a section of hose as it is loaded so that its coupling rests in proper positiona. Expansion-ring gasket b. Hose bedc. Dutchman d. Shanke. Standpipe
28 Homework___ 6. Type of flexible tube used by firefighters to carry water under pressure from the source of supply to a point where it is discharged___ 7. Gasket used to make a watertight connection between male and female couplings___ 8. To lay out fire hose in a loose accordion pattern to reduce the chances of the hose tangling and kinking when pulled___ 9. Sexless coupling commonly found on large diameter hosea. Fire hose b. Flake c. Storz d. Swivel gasket
29 a. Threaded 3-piece c. Snap b. Threaded 5-piece d. Storz 10.11.13.12.
33 ___ 21. Advantage: Fewer sharp bends than other loads ___ 20. Advantages: Easily and quickly loaded by only two or three firefighters; easily shoulder-loaded by picking up a number of foldsDisadvantages: Folds contain sharp bends; promotes wear on hose edges from apparatus vibration___ 21. Advantage: Fewer sharp bends than other loadsDisadvantages: Not recommended for LDH because it may cause this hose to become entangled when being unloaded; requires two people to flake shoulder loads for the carry; promotes wear on hose edges from apparatus vibrations; may off-load into street in a wavy, snakelike waya. Preconnected flat load b. Flat load c. Accordion loadd. Triple-layer load e. Minuteman load ab. Horseshoe loada. Preconnected flat load b. Flat load c. Accordion loadd. Triple-layer load e. Minuteman load ab. Horseshoe load
34 Disadvantage: Folds contain sharp bends ___ 22. Advantages: Easiest of the three supply loads to load; suited for any size supply hose; best way to load LDH; less likely than other loads to promote wear on hose from apparatus vibrationDisadvantage: Folds contain sharp bends___ 23. Advantages: Supply connection already made; adaptable for varying widths of hose beds; loops aid in pulling load from bed; can be pulled by one persona. Preconnected flat load b. Flat load c. Accordion loadd. Triple-layer load e. Minuteman load ab. Horseshoe loada. Preconnected flat load b. Flat load c. Accordion loadd. Triple-layer load e. Minuteman load ab. Horseshoe load
35 ___ 24. Advantages: Supply connection already made; suitable for all sizes of attack lines but best for larger lines that may be too cumbersome for shoulder carries; load is designed to be pulled by one personDisadvantage: Must be completely removed from the bed before leading in the nozzle, which can present problems when other apparatus are parked directly behind the hose bed___ 25. Advantages: Supply connection already made; can be carried on the shoulder completely clear of ground; well suited for a narrow bedDisadvantages: Can be awkward to carry when the carrier is wearing SCBA; when the load is a single flake, may collapse on the shoulder if not held tightlya. Preconnected flat load b. Flat load c. Accordion loadd. Triple-layer load e. Minuteman load ab. Horseshoe loada. Preconnected flat load b. Flat load c. Accordion loadd. Triple-layer load e. Minuteman load ab. Horseshoe load
36 a) Donut b) Self Locking Twin Donut c) Twin Donut d) Straight 220.127.116.11.
37 HOMEWORKIdentify characteristic as either (A) Forward Lay, (B) Reverse Lay or (C) Split Lay30. Hoseline laid in part as forward lay and in part as reverse lay31. Extends from fire to water source32. Extends from water source to fire33. Is often used when the water source is a hydrant and thepumper must stay at the fire34. Is used when pumper must first size-up fire before laying asupply line35. Is also used when the apparatus that lays the hose must stayat the water source36. Is loaded in hose bed so that female coupling comes off first37. Is loaded so that male coupling comes off first
38 HOMEWORK Identify characteristic as one of the following: (A) Advantage Forward Lay (B) Disadvantage Forward Lay(C) Advantage Reverse Lay (D) Disadvantage Reverse Lay38. Pumper is at hydrant to boost hydrant pressure39. Most direct way to supplement hydrant pressure and performdrafting operations40. Pumper can remain at incident scene so that its hose, equipment,and tools are available for fire fighting41. Pump operator has visual contact with fire fighting crew42. May require second pumper to boost pressure at hydrant43. Crew member catching hydrant is temporarily unavailable for firefighting assignment44. Delays initial fire attack (essential fire fighting equipment must beremoved from pumper and placed at fire location before pumpercan proceed to water source)45 Obligates pump operator to stay at the water source46. Pump operator has no visual contact with fire fighting crew
39 Safety precautions for advancing lines to a fire Identify illustration as being either (A) Safe or (B) Unsafe48.47.Position nozzle and backup firefighterson same side of hoselineFeel door before entering
40 Safety precautions for advancing lines to a fire 50.49.Bleed air from line before enteringIdentify illustration as being either (A) Safe or (B) UnsafeStand up and blockVentilation openings
41 52. Re-bed wet woven-jacket hose onto apparatus Identify each as (A) mechanical, (B) thermal, (C) organic, or (D) chemical hose damage51. Put all hose that has been exposed to hazardous materials back into service.52. Re-bed wet woven-jacket hose onto apparatus53. Opening and closing nozzles, valves, and hydrants rapidly.54. Lay hose in gutter or next to curb where vehicles are parked55. Dry fire hose by laying it on hot pavement.
42 HOMEWORKSelect facts about cleaning, inspecting, and storing hose. Write the correct letters on the blanks.56. Which type of hose requires brushing and machine washing?a. Hard rubber booster hose b. Hard-suction hosec. 3. Woven-jacket hose d. Rubber-jacket collapsible hose57. What agent is used to neutralize acid on fire hose that has been exposed to acid contamination?a. Detergent b. Mildew remover c. Water-based paints d. Baking soda58. How is a gasket checked for damage and deterioration?a. Stretching it and checking for damage and return to normal shapeb. Pinching it together and checking for damage and return to normal shapec. Inserting it in coupling, connecting the couplings, pressurizing the hose, and looking for leaksd. Wetting it and checking for damage and slight expansion from normal
43 HOMEWORK59. What cleaning agent should be used on fire hose that has been exposed to oil?a. Mild soap or detergent b. Dishwashing liquidc. Commercial strength detergent d. Commercial solvent60. How often should woven-jacket fire hose be exercised?a. After each use b. After storage over 30 daysc. After exposure to dust and dirt d. After exposure to petroleum products61. Why is it desirable to run water through woven-jacket hose at prescribed intervals?a. To prevent mildew and mold b. To prevent the lining from adhering to itselfc. To prevent drying and cracking d. To reduce initial friction loss62. What is the recommended interval for maintaining woven-jacket fire hose by running water through it?a. Every 30 days b. Every 40 days c. Every 60 days d. Every 90 days
44 HOMEWORK63. What type hose must be thoroughly dried before being reloaded on the apparatus?a. Woven-jacket b. Hard-rubber booster c. Rubber-jacket collapsible d. Hard-suction64. Firefighter A says that cabinet-type hose-washing machines wash, rinse, and drain fire hose and clean the couplings.Firefighter B says that the swivel part of hose couplings should be cleaned by hand by swishing them in warm soapy water, and the male threads should be cleaned with a suitable brush.Who is right?a. Firefighter A b. Firefighter B c. Both A and B d. Neither A nor B65. Firefighter A says that common scrub brushes or brooms can be used to clean hose if a commercial hose-washing machine is not available.B says that rubber-jacket hose should be scrubbed with fine steel wool or wire scrub brushes and a stream of water from a hoseline.a. Firefighter A b. Firefighter B c. Both A and B d. Neither A nor B66. Firefighter A says that a cabinet-type hose-washing machine can be used without detergent.Firefighter B says that a cabinet-type hose-washing machine can be operated by one person.a. Firefighter A b. Firefighter B c. Firefighter A and B d. Neither Firefighter A nor B67. The most common type of hose-washing machine is designed to wash most fire hose up to ___ inches (millimeters).a. 2½ inches b. 3 inches c. 4 inches d. 6 inches
45 HOMEWORK68. After the gasket has been removed, how should the coupling swivel be cleaned?a. With wire brush and warm water, no soap or detergentb. In hose-washing machine when hose is cleanedc. Immersed in warm, soapy water and worked backward and forwardd. Immersed in solvent bath and then cleaned with wire brush69. Firefighter A says that the swivel gasket and the expansion-ring gasket are interchangeable.Firefighter B says that hose-washing machines will clean hose couplings adequately when the coupling swivel becomes dirty.Who is right?a. Firefighter A b. Firefighter B c. Firefighter A and B d. Neither Firefighter A nor B70. Why should the firefighter avoid laying hose in the gutter or next to the curb where vehicles have been parked?Grit and grime tend to accumulate at curbsideb. The street must be kept clear for vehicle trafficc. The hose can be contaminated with oil and acidd. Radiant heat from the cement can thermally damage the hose71. Which of the following would not generally damage woven-jacket hose?a. Sun b. Hot air c. Proximity to vehicle exhaust d. Cold, but not freezing, air
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