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Regional cooperation on policy, enforcement and IUU fishing: the CITES example Yvonne Sadovy, University of Hong Kong IUCN Groupers &Wrasses Specialist.

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Presentation on theme: "Regional cooperation on policy, enforcement and IUU fishing: the CITES example Yvonne Sadovy, University of Hong Kong IUCN Groupers &Wrasses Specialist."— Presentation transcript:

1 Regional cooperation on policy, enforcement and IUU fishing: the CITES example Yvonne Sadovy, University of Hong Kong IUCN Groupers &Wrasses Specialist Group

2 Patrick L. Colin ‘Poster child’ for LRFT and vulnerable reef fish in need of management for sustainable use CITES App II

3 Focus is Napoleon (humphead=HHW) wrasse as the most threatened fish in the luxury LRFFT Napoleon symbolizes and typifies many problems and challenges in the LRFFT trade Teaches us important lessons – symbolic of what will happen if current practices do not improve and how regional cooperation can help Reminds us that biological sustainability is foundation of sustainable trade irrespective of trade practices

4 Focus is Napoleon (humphead=HHW) wrasse as most threatened fish in the luxury LRFFT Napoleon symbolizes and typifies many problems and challenges in the LRFFT trade Teaches us important lessons – symbolic of what will happen if current practices do not improve and how regional cooperation can help Reminds us that biological sustainability is foundation of sustainable trade irrespective of trade practices

5 Focus is Napoleon (humphead=HHW) wrasse as the most threatened fish in the luxury LRFFT Napoleon symbolizes and typifies many problems and challenges in the LRFFT trade Teaches us important lessons of what will happen if current practices do not improve and how regional cooperation can help Reminds us that biological sustainability is foundation of sustainable trade irrespective of trade practices

6 Focus is Napoleon (humphead=HHW) wrasse as the most threatened fish in the luxury LRFFT Napoleon symbolizes and typifies many problems and challenges in the LRFFT trade Teaches us important lessons – symbolic of what will happen if current practices do not improve and how regional cooperation can help Reminds us that biological sustainability is foundation of sustainable trade irrespective of trade practices

7 Chronology CITES App II 2004CITES App II first reef food fish to be listed Biological overfishing/habitat issuesBiological overfishing/habitat issues - overcapacity/destructive fishing - overcapacity/destructive fishing Assessments and quotas (NDFs) establishedAssessments and quotas (NDFs) established Additional legislation/measures introducedAdditional legislation/measures introduced IUU undermines these country effortsIUU undermines these country efforts CoP 15 – ‘Decision’ to tighten complianceCoP 15 – ‘Decision’ to tighten compliance

8 Chronology CITES App II 2004CITES App II first reef food fish to be listed Biological overfishing/habitat issuesBiological overfishing/habitat issues - overcapacity/destructive fishing - overcapacity/destructive fishing Assessments and quotas (NDFs) establishedAssessments and quotas (NDFs) established Additional legislation/measures introducedAdditional legislation/measures introduced IUU undermines these country effortsIUU undermines these country efforts CoP 15 – ‘Decision’ to tighten complianceCoP 15 – ‘Decision’ to tighten compliance

9 Chronology CITES App II 2004CITES App II first reef food fish to be listed Biological overfishing/habitat issuesBiological overfishing/habitat issues - overcapacity/destructive fishing - overcapacity/destructive fishing Assessments and quotas (NDFs) establishedAssessments and quotas (NDFs) established Additional legislation/measures introducedAdditional legislation/measures introduced IUU undermines these country effortsIUU undermines these country efforts CoP 15 – ‘Decision’ to tighten complianceCoP 15 – ‘Decision’ to tighten compliance

10 Chronology CITES App II 2004CITES App II first reef food fish to be listed Biological overfishing/habitat issuesBiological overfishing/habitat issues - overcapacity/destructive fishing - overcapacity/destructive fishing Assessments and quotas (NDFs) establishedAssessments and quotas (NDFs) established Additional legislation/measures introducedAdditional legislation/measures introduced IUU undermines these country effortsIUU undermines these country efforts CoP 15 – ‘Decision’ to tighten complianceCoP 15 – ‘Decision’ to tighten compliance

11 Chronology CITES App II 2004CITES App II first reef food fish to be listed Biological overfishing/habitat issuesBiological overfishing/habitat issues - overcapacity/destructive fishing - overcapacity/destructive fishing Assessments and quotas (NDFs) establishedAssessments and quotas (NDFs) established Additional legislation/measures introducedAdditional legislation/measures introduced IUU undermines these country effortsIUU undermines these country efforts CoP 15 – ‘Decision’ to tighten complianceCoP 15 – ‘Decision’ to tighten compliance

12 Chronology CITES App II 2004CITES App II first reef food fish to be listed Biological overfishing/habitat issuesBiological overfishing/habitat issues - overcapacity/destructive fishing - overcapacity/destructive fishing Assessments and quotas (NDFs) establishedAssessments and quotas (NDFs) established Additional legislation/measures introducedAdditional legislation/measures introduced IUU undermines these country effortsIUU undermines these country efforts CoP 15 – ‘Decision’ to tighten complianceCoP 15 – ‘Decision’ to tighten compliance

13 Sadovy et al., 2003a Major exporters, Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia

14 Exporters Indonesia - quota c. 5,000 HHW for 2011 and air-only exports, CoP 15 Decision 2010 Malaysia - zero export of live HHW Philippines - illegal export of HHW (live fish and CITES-listed) ‘

15 HHW included in ‘mixed fish’ and ‘grouper’ exports Major exports include sub-size fish (< 1 kg) – relates to biological sustainability Indonesia Problems with illegal Hong Kong vessel trade

16 Philippines – HHW export illegal/poaching

17 HHW catches Tawitawi, Philippines, by gear type and size class

18 Sadovy et al., 2003a Major importers are Hong Kong and China (with reexports from HK)

19 Hong Kong Legislation 1.Regulate trade in endangered species through control on their import, export and possession. 2.“One Country, Two Systems”: trade between HKSAR and Mainland China calls for CITES requirements. Animals and Plants (Protection of Endangered Species) Ordinance, Cap.187

20 Inspection by AFCD, including shop and consignment inspection, also by Customs and Excise and Hong Kong Police Force, but vessel inspections a major challenge Live fish not considered ‘food’

21 Inspection by AFCD, including shop and consignment inspection, also by Customs and Excise and Hong Kong Police Force, but vessel inspections a major challenge Live fish not considered ‘food’

22 Illegal trade into Mainland China – not recorded on import and no longer at re-export from HK ?? At-sea transfers

23 Shenzhen City (Guangdong Province)

24 Alex Hofford Guangzhou

25 Major issues *relevant to all LRF Monitoring at export and import* Juvenile HHW illegal export Harmonization of legislation (e.g. air-only)* Monitoring Hong Kong/Chinese vessels* Poaching/illegal trade* Controls of trade into Mainland China* Handling confiscations of HHW

26 Major issues Monitoring at export and import* Juvenile HHW illegal export Harmonization of legislation (e.g. air-only)* Monitoring Hong Kong/Chinese vessels* Poaching/illegal trade* Controls of trade into Mainland China* Handling confiscations of HHW

27 Major issues Monitoring at export and import* Juvenile HHW illegal export Harmonization of legislation (e.g. air-only)* Monitoring Hong Kong/Chinese vessels* Poaching/illegal trade* Controls of trade into Mainland China* Handling confiscations of HHW

28 Major issues Monitoring at export and import* Juvenile HHW illegal export Harmonization of legislation (e.g. air-only)* Monitoring Hong Kong/Chinese vessels* Poaching/illegal trade* Controls of trade into Mainland China* Handling confiscations of HHW

29 Major issues Monitoring at export and import* Juvenile HHW illegal export Harmonization of legislation (e.g. air-only)* Monitoring Hong Kong/Chinese vessels* Poaching/illegal trade* Controls of trade into Mainland China* Handling confiscations of HHW

30 Major issues Monitoring at export and import* Juvenile HHW illegal export Harmonization of legislation (e.g. air-only)* Monitoring Hong Kong/Chinese vessels* Poaching/illegal trade* Controls of trade into Mainland China* Handling confiscations of HHW

31 Major issues Monitoring at export and import* Juvenile HHW illegal export Harmonization of legislation (e.g. air-only) Monitoring Hong Kong/Chinese vessels* Poaching/illegal trade* Controls of trade into Mainland China* Handling confiscations of HHW

32 Opportunities for Regional Cooperation Enforcement: Air-only trade Size limits Control time/place vessels entering HK Implementation of CITES App II by Mainland China Regional communications Handling confiscated animals

33 Opportunities for Regional Cooperation Enforcement: Air-only trade Size limits Control time/place vessels entering HK Implementation of CITES App II by Mainland China Regional communications Handling confiscated animals

34 Opportunities for Regional Cooperation Enforcement: Air-only trade Size limits Control time/place vessels entering HK Implementation of CITES App II by Mainland China Regional communications Handling confiscated animals

35 Opportunities for Regional Cooperation Enforcement: Air-only trade Size limits Control time/place vessels enter HK Implementation of CITES App II by Mainland China Regional communications Handling confiscated animals

36 Patrick L. Colin Terimah Kasi


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