Presentation on theme: "It will accelerate in a spin!"— Presentation transcript:
1It will accelerate in a spin! Up to this point, balanced Forces meant no acceleration….100 NBalanced Forces?No Acceleration?Yes!It will accelerate in a spin!100 N
2Rotational Dynamics and Torque A net force will cause and object to accelerate in one dimension, but what about rotational acceleration?Would a Force exerted at .5r from the center produce the same rotational acceleration around the center as…….….. the same force exerted at r from the center?
3Forces that are not concurrent (same point) are called Parallel Forces. Parallel Forces exert Torque on an object.Torque is the product of the Parallel Force and the torque arm (lever arm) the force acts through.τ = r x FUnits: Nm
4What torque is exerted by a 55 kg bike rider who puts all of his weight straight down on each pedal (one pedal at a time) if each pedal is 17 cm from the center of the sprocket?What force needs to be exerted on the end of a torque wrench that is 35.0 cm long in order to tighten a bolt to 80.0 Nm?Explain why doorknobs are generally placed toward the side of a door instead of in the middle of the door.
5A force of 5. 00 N is used to turn a doorknob that has a diameter of 6 A force of 5.00 N is used to turn a doorknob that has a diameter of 6.70 cm. What torque does this exert?A torque of 3.25 Nm is required to pull open a certain door. What force must be used to open this door if the knob is located 75.0 cm away from the hinge?The mass exerts a torque of 23.0 Nm on the wheel which has a diameter of 45.0 cm. How much is the attached mass that produces this torque?
6The wheel on a car is held in place by four nuts The wheel on a car is held in place by four nuts. Each nut should be tightened to 94.0 N∙m of torque to be secure. If you have a wrench with a handle that is m long, what minimum force do you need to exert perpendicular to the end of the wrench to tighten a nut correctly?Bob and Ray push on a door from opposite sides. They both push perpendicular to the door. Bob pushes 0.63 m from the door hinge with a force of 89 N. Ray pushes 0.57 m from the door hinge and the door does not move. What force is Ray pushing with?
7Rotational Inertia and Net Torque An object will not start to spin unless a net torque acts upon it.A net torque would produce an angular acceleration.An object spinning at a constant rate will accelerate if the mass is redistributed farther or closer to the axis of rotation.Meterstick Demo!Rotational Inertia is the resistance of a rotating object to changes in its rotational velocity-- it depends on mass, distribution of mass, and the axis of rotation!
8The angular acceleration of an object will depend directly upon the net torque, but inversely upon the rotational inertia of the object: = τIτ = I thereforeThis is the rotational equivalent of Newton’s Second Law (F = ma) for angular motion!Rotational Inertia takes into account both the shape, the mass and the rotation of a rotating object!
9Rotational Inertia, also called moment of inertia, (kgm2) depends upon the mass and the axis of rotation:The farther the mass is concentrated from the axis of rotation, the more rotational inertiaRing and disk of same mass and same radius---Will they reach the bottom at the same time?
10A wheel with a rotational inertia of A wheel with a rotational inertia of .270 kgm2 is accelerated from rest to 35.0 rad/s in 10.0 s. What torque is required to accomplish this?A force of 25.0 N is applied to a disk with a radius of .300 m that is initially rotating at 38.0 rad/s. The disk is stopped after having rotated 95.0 radians. What is the rotational inertia of this disk?A torque of 32.0 Nm is used to accelerate a sphere of rotational inertia 175 kgm2. If the sphere is accelerated to 8.66 rad/s in 20.0 s, what must have been the original angular velocity of the sphere?
11F1F2This meterstick is at rest on frictionless ice when F1 and F2 strike it simultaneously. F1 and F2 are both 3.85 N. F1 strikes at the m mark while F2 strikes at the cm mark. Will the stick rotate and, if so, will it be clockwise or counterclockwise?
12If the meterstick in the previous problem has a rotational inertia of kg-m2, what will be its angular acceleration?Bob and Ray push on a door from opposite sides. They both push perpendicular to the door. Bob pushes 0.63 m from the door hinge with a force of 89 N. Ray pushes with a force of 98 N at a point 0.57 m from the door hinge and the door does not move. If the door gains an angular acceleration of rad/s2, what must be the moment of inertia of the door?