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Click to continue after each slide Abdeen palace is considered the jewel of the 19th century architecture in Cairo. When Khedive Ismail Pasha - grand'

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Presentation on theme: "Click to continue after each slide Abdeen palace is considered the jewel of the 19th century architecture in Cairo. When Khedive Ismail Pasha - grand'"— Presentation transcript:


2 Click to continue after each slide

3 Abdeen palace is considered the jewel of the 19th century architecture in Cairo. When Khedive Ismail Pasha - grand' son of Mohamed Ali - came to power in 1863, Egypt was engaged already in the building of the Suez Canal which was due to open in 1869. For this occasion, Egypt was supposed to receive dignitaries from different countries of the world and Khedive estimated that Cairo with its 10th century Fatimid capital was not ready to accommodate such event. He bought the small palace of Abdeen Bey, a member of the Mamlouk corps, along with its surroundings, demolished it and used the whole area to build the Abdeen palace we know today. The palace was designed in a Neo-Classical French inspired style. The chief architect that supervised the construction was the French architect Leon Rousseau. The palace was composed of two floors. The upper floor contained both the Salamlek (the main quarter) and the Haramlek (Family quarter), which contradicted the old tradition of separating them in different buildings. The ground floor was dedicated to the different services such as guards quarters, storerooms etc... Abdeen palace witnessed the succession of the Egyptian rulers starting with Khedive Ismail followed by Khedive Tewfik, then Khedive Abbas Helmi II, Sultan Hussein Kamel, King Fouad and finally King Farouk. During every reign, the palace had witnessed important events Khedive Ismaïl Pacha

4 The palace has several entrances. This is the most important. It is located in the centre of the eastern wall of the palace. It was intently constructed for the entrance of Empress Eugenie of France, wife of Emperor Napoleon III, during the Suez Canal opening ceremony on November 17, 1869. The palace was opened 3 years after the ceremony The Gate of Paris

5 Inside the palace, the Red sitting-room for official delegations

6 The Green sitting-room

7 The sitting- room of the house

8 The Byzantine Hall (Part 1) Used to receive the guests before entering the dance room

9 The Byzantine Hall (Part 2)

10 The Throne Hall Where the coronation of the king takes place

11 In 1938, during the reign of King Farouk, the Palace witnessed his fairy wedding to queen Farida in the Throne hall. In the same year, the palace hosted the Royal wedding of princess Fawzia, sister of king Farouk, to the Iranian crown prince Mohamed Reza Pahlavi. Wedding ceremony of Princess Fawzia, to the Crown Prince of Iran, the future Shah King Farouk, Queen Farida and Princes Ferjal Wedding of Farida with King Farouk

12 The Theatre The Mohamed Ali Hall Next to the theatre. Reception of the guests before entering the theatre.

13 Corridor to the Mohamed Ali Hall

14 The Theatre Contains hundreds of seats painted in gold and sitting rooms for women with red curtains on the side

15 The Belgian Pavilion (View 1) Devoted to the establishment of guests of Egyptian rulers.

16 The Belgian Pavilion (View 2)

17 King’s mother Pavilion (View 1) Was the room of Queen Nazli, mother of King Farouk

18 King’s mother Pavilion (View 2)

19 Office of the President (View 1) Located in the hall of the Suez Canal, which has been prepared to commemorate the digging of the Suez Canal. It is decorated with three pictures of the excavation and construction of the canal.

20 Office of the President (View 2)

21 Office of the President (View 3)

22 Office of the President (View 4)

23 The Library Contains more than 44.500 books. A collection of rare books and a set of international books belonging to the royal family.

24 The Gardens (View 1) Spread over 20 acres planted with citrus and flowers..

25 The Gardens (View 2) The Tea Kiosk “koshk el shay” as they used to call it. The Royal family had the afternoon tea often in this place.

26 The Gardens (View 3) The Music Kiosk

27 The Gardens (View 4) The Music Kiosk (Close view)

28 The Winter Gardens

29 The lower floors of the Palace contain the Silver Museum, the Arms Museum, the Royal Family Museum, and the Presidential Gifts Museum. A new museum, the Historical Documents Museum was opened in January 2005. The Gardens outside the Museum

30 The Hall of the President Part of the museum. Weapons given to the president Hosni Mubarak are exhibited here.

31 A Memorial Part of the arms museum. The German Emperor Frederick

32 An Axe Germany 19th Century A Gold Dagger Belonged to Sultan Selim Khan (Turkey – 16th Century) A Kit Germany 19th Century Some old weapons exhibited in the Arms Museum

33 The Firearms hall

34 A part of the Firearms hall

35 1.A Japanese sulphur-lit rifle. 2.A carbine inlaid with coloured enamel. 3.A capsule rifle bearing plant decorations. 4.A hunting capsule rifle bearing bird and animals decorations. (Paris, 1855). 5.A capsule carbine of Napoleon III. (Paris, 19th c.). 6.A bullet carbin inlaid with gold 7.A couple of guns 8.Two colt pistols of king Fouad the first A collection of rare weapons 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

36 American Antiaircraft GunA Bras Mortar on a wooden carriage (19th century) A Mortar, Mohamed Ali Pasha reign (19th century)

37 Medals and Decorations Museum Possession Hall Medals and decorations Private collection of rare antiques A collection of medals and jewels

38 Master pieces of the museum A gun, a gold sword inlaid with Gems, a telescope and a marshal stick. 1 3 2 4 1.Gold colar of King Fouad 1 2.Gold collar inlaid with diamonds, of Mohamed Ali Pasha 3.Collar of Al Hussein Bin Ali, made of gold, inlaid with diamond 4.The Great Collar of chivalry, "Vatican" Gold medals dedicated by US to King Farouk of Egypt, made in 1853

39 Gifts, Decorations and Shields Dedicated to President Mubarak 1 2 3 1.Shield dedicated by Military College 2.Shield depicting Media Day, May, 1984 3.Metal tag depicting an array of intellectuals, 100 anniversary of establishing Dar El-Helal

40 1 2 3 4 5 6 1.Memorial dedicated by the second field army to President Mubark 2.A Republican Guard decoration dedicated to Mubarak on Jun, 26, 1996 3.Memorial dedicated by the Police Academy to President Mubarak. 4.A silver decorated box with a Holy Quran inside 5.A Clock dedicated to Mubarak on Navy day 6.Holy Quran with silver cover

41 Museum of silverware 1.Silver soup plate on a separated pedestal, grasps are shaped as two parrots, Prince Youssef Kamal. 2.Jam pot with crystal pot inside, separated pedestal and grasps’ cover shaped as a fruit, Prince Youssef Kamal 3.Crystal silver covered jug, Prince Youssef Kamal 4.Fruits holder decorated with plants, fruits, birds and man statues, Khedive Ismail 5.Decorated teapot, Prince Youssef Kamal 6.Teapot for hot drinks, the cover is shaped as a fruit, King Fouad I 7.Candleholder pedestal with a statue for a peasant riding a donkey and a man beside him in the top 8.Fruits holder decorated with flowers, birds and statues, Khedive Ismail

42 1 2 3 4 5 Crystals 1.Two golden decorated plates engraved with "GH" letters, of Gouidan Hanem, Spouse of Khedive Abbas Helmi II 2.A set of crystal bottles of Khedive Abbas Helmi II 3.A set of crystal bottles, cups, glass wares of Khedive Abbas Helmi II 4.Coloured crystal cups, bottles, glasses and a compote glassware, Khedive Ismail 5.A collection of coloured crystal of Prince Youssef Kamal

43 Masterpieces of Plastic arts by Gallieh Photos : & Text : Dr. Fathi Saleh, Wikipedia & Music : Classic Egyptian by Sami Nossair Created by : on Sept, 2009

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