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NEW APPLICATIONS OF SPECIALTY CHEMICALS

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Presentation on theme: "NEW APPLICATIONS OF SPECIALTY CHEMICALS"— Presentation transcript:

1 NEW APPLICATIONS OF SPECIALTY CHEMICALS
IN FAST GROWING SECTORS OIL FIELD CHEMICALS

2 Economy Energy Nation

3 The Essential Synergy Economy Energy Nation

4 Vision of ONGC …… “ To be a World Class Oil & Gas Company integrated in energy business with dominant Indian leadership and global presence”

5 enrich quality of community life”.
ONGC’s Mission Statement says– “ Abiding commitment to HSE to enrich quality of community life”. “Corporate commitment to support the Ecosystem”

6 Chemicals UPSTREAM E&P ACTIVITIES Specialty Chemicals
DRILLING CEMENTATION WORK OVER OPERATIONS STIMULATIONS WATER INJECTION WATER FLOODING DEMULSIFICATION DEHYDRATION CORROSION CONTROL FLOW ASSUARANCE WATER SHUT OFF JOB EFFLUENT DISPOSAL ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION REFINING &VALUE ADDED PRODUCTS. Specialty Chemicals Quality & Specifications of Chemicals Operations and Processes Results

7 Corporate Specifications of
Chemicals of ONGC ONGC’s Chemicals & Formulations are: Specific to Processes & Operations Complying to Environment

8 NEW CHALLENGES IN E&P ACTIVITIES
Quest for more Oil Harsh Environment / Wild Cat Wells Deepwater Area/Hydrate HTHP & Deep Wells Increasing Drilling Cost Increasing Oil Cost NEW SOLUTIONS TO MEET CHALLENGES Specialty Chemicals Up gradation of Specifications Introduction of New Chemicals Specialized Chemical Services

9 Performance linked Special Formulations Specific to the E&P Industry
OIL INDUSTRY “ SPECIALITY CHEMICALS” Performance linked Special Formulations Specific to the E&P Industry Number of Specialty/ Performance Chemicals in ONGC – 162

10 for choice of Specialty Chemicals
The Mantra for choice of Specialty Chemicals Use Inflow Performance Relationships (IPR) with respect to introduced Technology/ Specialty chemicals to determine the Applied Technology/ Specialty Chemical’s ability to raise the Productivity Index(PI).

11 Example 1: Inflow Performance Relationships (IPR)
Type of Drilling Fluid Systems Cost Rs (Lacs) Likely Productivity Barrels/day 1. Conventional <10 100 (Base case) 2. Polymer 10-25 3. Non-Damaging 25-50 4. Sub-Hydrostatic (HGS)

12 Example 2: Inflow Performance Relationships (IPR)
Type of Drilling Cost Rs (Cr) Likely Productivity Barrels/day 1. Conventional 10 -15 200 (Base case) 2. Horizontal 25-35 3. Multilaterals 40-50 4. Under Balanced

13 CATEGORIES OF SPECIALITY CHEMICALS IN ONGC
Drilling Drilling fluid Cementing Production Flow assurance Emulsion breakers Scale inhibitors Corrosion inhibitors Water treatment chemicals Well stimulation chemicals

14 Drilling Rigs Land Rig Offshore Jack up

15 A Drilling Fluid System
SWIVEL CIRCULATION SYSTEM STAND PIPE MUD TANK HOPPER DRILL PIPE SUCTION LINE CENTRIFUGE MUD PUMP DE-SILTER ANNULAS DE SANDER RETURN FLOWLINE S. SHAKER DRILL COLLAR DRILL BIT DRILLED HOLE

16 CONVENTIONAL DRILLING FLUID (MUD)
CLAY BASED DRILLING FLUID BENTONITE BARITE CAUSTIC SODA SODA ASH LIGNITE POWDER CUTCH CARBOXY METHYL CELLULOSE PRE GELATINISED STARCH SULPHONATED ASPHALT DRILLING DETERGENT RESINATED LIGNITE EP LUBE CHROME LIGNO SULFONATE CHROME LIGNITE

17 NEW GENERATION DRILLING FLUID
POLYMER BASED DRILLING FLUID XANTHAN GUM POLY ANONIC CELLULOSE PARTIALLY HYDROLISED POLYACRYL AMIDE POLY-ELECTROLITE POLYGLYCEROL CLOUD POINT GLYCOL MIXED METAL HYDROXIDE POLYMERIC DEFLOCULANT POLY- ACRYLAMIDES POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE SODIUM CHLORIDE POTASSIUM CHLORIDE

18 NON-DAMAGING DRILLING FLUID (NDDF)
XANTHAN GUM PRE GELATINISED STARCH POTTASIUM HYDROXIDE POTTASIUM CHLORIDE SIZED CALCIUM CARBONATE POLY ANAIONIC CELLULOSE

19 SYNTHETIC OIL BASE MUD (SOBM)
BASE OIL OF SOBM SOBM PRIMARY EMULSIFIER SOBM SECONDARY EMULSIFIER SOBM FLUID LOSS AGENT SOBM EMULSION STABILIZER SOBM WETTING AGENT SOBM OIL VISCOSIFIER

20 SYNTHETIC OIL BASE MUD (SOBM)
SPECIFICATION OF BASE OIL SYNTHETIC IN NATURE AS PER OSPAR (Oslo Paris Convention) 2. AROMATIC CONTENT- LESS THAN 1.0 % 3. TOXICITY VALUE – LC-50 MIN. 30,000 PPM

21 HGS BASED DRILLING FLUID HOLLOW GLASS SPHERES
XANTHAN GUM CALCIUM CARBONATE POLY ANOINIC CELLULOSE PRE GELATINISED STARCH CAUSTIC SODA POTASSIUM CHLORIDE SODIUM CHLORIDE LUBRICANT

22 New Chemical Type Example 1 Micro spheres Hollow Glass Spheres 2
NEW SPECIALITY CHEMICALS IN OIL FIELD-I S/L New Chemical Type Example 1 Micro spheres Hollow Glass Spheres 2 HTHP F/L additive Hostadril 3 HTHP Shale Stabilizer Driscal D 4 HTHP Dispersant Therma Thin 5 Mixed metal hydroxide Drilplex System 6 New Weighting agent Manganese Tetroxide 7 Formates Sodium Formate 8 Shale Stabilizer Poly amines

23 Potassium Sulfate/Acetate 10 SOBM Base oil EDC-95-11, Saralene, Escaid
NEW SPECIALITY CHEMICALS IN OIL FIELD-II S/L New Chemical Type Example 9 Ionic inhibitors Potassium Sulfate/Acetate 10 SOBM Base oil EDC-95-11, Saralene, Escaid 11 New Xanthan Gums XCD Polymer 12 New LCM LCP-2000,Boreplug, Synthetic Graphite 13 High performance Water Base Systems ULTRADRIL, PERFORMADRIL 14 Ester based lubricants Radia Green

24 CEMENTING CHEMICALS-I
LIGHT WEIGHT ADDITIVES SILICA FUME MICROSPHERES ( HGS ) POLY VINYL CHLORIDE RESIN HEAVY WEIGHT ADDITIVES METAKAOLIN SYNTHETIC FIBER GRAPHITE GROUND GRANULATED BLAST FURNACE SLAG HEAVY WEIGHT ADDITIVES

25 CEMENTING CHEMICALS - II
SILICA FUME Mean Particle size – 0.2 Micron Cement slurry Weight ppg MICROSPHERES( Hollow Glass Sphere ) Specific Gravity to 0.6 Cement slurry Weight ppg Particle Size Distribution - 20 – 200 Micron Withstand Pressure psi PVC RESIN Poly Vinyl Chloride Low Density used with Silica Fume

26 CEMENTING CHEMICALS - III
METAKAOLIN (Made by heating Kaolin at degC. Higher Early Strength to Cement Slurry Thermal Stability to Cement SYNTHETIC FIBER (RECON-3 S )Controls Losses. Fiber Length to 12 mm Diameter – 40 Micron Melting Point - > than 200 degC. GRAPHITE (Carboniferous Material ) Increase Cement Tensile Strength GROUND GRANULATED BLAST FURNACE SLAG Metallurgical Byproduct Chemical Component (CaO, SiO2, Al2O3 ,MgO ) Increase packing efficiency of Cement HEAVY WEIGHT ADDITIVES Hematite and Ilmenite

27 WELL COMPLETION - I PRODUCTION OF OIL & GAS OIL & GAS PROCESSING
PIPE LINE TRANSPORTATION WELL STIMULATION SKIN REMOVAL WAX REMOVAL SCALE REMOVAL WATER INJECTION CHEMICALS

28 OIL PRODUCTION & PROCESS SYSTEM
SEPARATOR GROUP GATHERING STATION-I (GGS-I) TREATOR OIL TANK HEATER CENTRAL TANK FARM (CTF) OIL TANKS SEPARATOR TREATOR OIL TANK HEATER GROUP GATHERING STATION-II (GGS-II) OIL LINE OIL PRODUCTION & PROCESS SYSTEM GAS LINE

29 WELL COMPLETION - II OIL & GAS PROCESSING
Demulsifier (Silicon Based) operates at 35 degC. Deoiler -Poly Aluminum Chlorides Methanol - Hydrate Suppresser PIPE LINE TRANSPORTATION Biocide -Non Aldehyde-Non-Amine type Pore point depressant -Benhyl Alcohols WELL STIMULATION Skin removal - HCl, EGMBE, Surfactant & Acid corrosion inhibitor Wax removal- Toluene and Xylene formulations Scale removal- EDTA, Naphthalene, Di ethonolamine triphosphonic acid (DTPA) WATER INJECTION CHEMICALS Oxygen Scavengers - Ammonium bi Sulfides Water Corrosion inhibitors - Amine based Ferric Chloride, Aluminum Chloride , Biocide

30 EMERGING MARKET OLD PLAYERS ONGC & OIL
NEW PLAYERS INDIAN & INTERNATIONAL E&P CO /INTERNATIONAL SERVICE CO. NEW POLICY NELP, FOREIGN VENTURES NEW FINDS OIL & GAS - EAST COAST NEW CHALLENGE DEEP WATER ACTIVITIES GAS HYDRATES HTHP/HIGH TECH WELLS EXPLORATORY WILD CAT

31 CHEMICAL BUDGET IN ONGC
DRILLING CRORES OIL & GAS PROCESSING 100 CRORES

32 WELL COST FOR DRILLING WELL 3-4 % PRESENT CHEMICAL COST
EARLIER CHEMICAL COST FOR DRILLING WELL % PRESENT CHEMICAL COST FOR DRILLING WELL % FUTURE CHEMICAL COST FOR DRILLING WELL %

33 TWO ASPECTS TO INCREASED COST
DEVELOPMENT COST OF SPECIALITY CHEMICALS ITSELF END RESULT PERFORMANCE - USING SPECIALITY CHEMICAL GIVEN THE ISSUE, I SHALL PUT IN ----- “At the end Market forces will decide which Specialized Chemical/Services will be adoptive in the prevailing Scenario”

34 A Specialty Chemical which is not
economically applicable today can be a front runner and also be acceptable tomorrow …

35 Thanks


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