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Contraction, Expansion, and Division 500-1300.  To teach students why Christianity became a major religion during the third wave era of civilizations.

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Presentation on theme: "Contraction, Expansion, and Division 500-1300.  To teach students why Christianity became a major religion during the third wave era of civilizations."— Presentation transcript:

1 Contraction, Expansion, and Division

2  To teach students why Christianity became a major religion during the third wave era of civilizations.  To teach students how and why Christianity contracted and expanded in different parts of the world during this time period.

3   

4  Growth of modern Christianity  China, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, The Philippines, Vietnam, and parts of India.  Non-Muslim regions of Africa  Protestant Christianity in Latin America

5  Widespread in Africa and Eurasia  Contraction of Christianity  Division

6 ASIAN CHRISTIANITY  Contraction due to the emergence of Islam  Powerful Arab Empire  Several sacred locations taken by Islam  “Arrival of new faith”  Warfare against nearby Byzantine and Persia  Conversion to Islam

7 ASIAN CHRISTIANITY  Contraction of Christianity in China  Chinese state turned against all foreign religions  Acceptance from the Mongol rule  Almost completely vanished during the Confucian Ming dynasty

8 AFRICAN CHRISTIANITY  Majority of Egypt practiced Christianity under Islamic rule – “dhimmis”  Violent change when Egypt threatened by Mongols and Christian crusaders  Rise and decline in Nubia  Strong Christian community in Ethiopia

9  What variations in the experience of African and Asian Christian communities can you identify?

10  Ties between church and state.  Provided a cultural identity  Eastern Orthodox Christianity  Roman Catholicism  Crusades  Seizure and looting of Constantinople in 1204

11  Struggle against Persian Empire  “Greek Fire”  Long-distance trade in Eurasia  Cultural influence  Conquest of Balkans and parts of Russia

12  Culturally diverse Kievan Rus  Prince Vladimir or Kiev  Sought to unify the diverse area  Linked Rus with larger networks of communication and exchange  “Third Rome”

13  How did links to Byzantium transform the new civilization of Kievan Rus?


15 Ch. 10 Ways of the World

16  Students will demonstrate knowledge of how different cultures influenced the west.  Students will recognize technological advancements made by the west as a result of borrowing.  Students will learn the basics of pluralism in politics in the west.  Students will learn about the idea of reason and theology and its effect on faith.

17    

18 Far behind other civilizations Smaller cities Weak political figures Weak economy Technologically behind

19  How did the West catch up to other civilizations?  Answer: Borrowing

20  Intellectual Innovations:  Examples: Mathematics, Chess  Cultural Innovations:  Examples: Christian Mysticism, Music, Poetry  Technological Innovations:  Examples: Horse Collar, Gunpowder, Paper

21  Heavy wheeled plows to handle dense soil of north Europe.  Horses  Three- field crop rotation

22  Windmill, water driven  Gunpowder  Cannons  Question: In what ways did borrowing from abroad shape European civilization after 1000?

23  No Empire  Competing coexisting state governments  Weaker competing officials / rulers  Local commoner representation in government  Embryonic parliaments represented the three estates, 1-Clergey, 2-Landowning nobility, and 3-urban merchants

24  War  Strengthened local militaries  Drove Scholars and Bureaucrats  Extended trading and borrowing  Further advanced agriculture  Lead way for capitalism

25 (Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY)

26  Theology  European intellectuals were called to ask questions.  Who? What? When? Where? Why?  The idea was to provide a rational foundation of faith.  Reason was applied to religion, law, medicine, nature, astronomy, etc.

27  Aristotle was the prominent figure in the area of theology.  Many scholars were force out of European countries and took their teachings to the Islamic World.  Theology was accepted and eventually taught in the University.  Lead the way for scientific study.

28  Religious establishments saw reason as a threat. A threat that questioned the fundamentals of their ideology.  To this day there is tension between religious groups and scientific thinkers.

29  Does this picture portray Christ's Divinity? Look closely at the picture before answering. How does the image portray Jesus as an All-Powerful ruler? Does this image of Jesus differ from others you have seen?

30 LADDER OF DIVINE ASCENT  Instructional book for Byzantine monks  Taught monks to overcome temptation and ascend toward union with God  The demons represent various sins

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