Presentation on theme: "Clerical clothing 1 Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010 «Мой университет – www.moi-uni.ru»www.moi-uni.ru «Мой университет – www.moi-uni.ru»www.moi-uni.ru."— Presentation transcript:
Clerical clothing 1 Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010 «Мой университет – www.moi-uni.ru»www.moi-uni.ru «Мой университет – www.moi-uni.ru»www.moi-uni.ru
Clerical clothing Clerical clothing is non-liturgical clothing worn exclusively by clergy. It is distinct from vestments in that it is not reserved specifically for services. Practices vary: clerical clothing is sometimes worn under vestments, and sometimes as the everyday clothing or street wear of a priest, minister, or other clergy member. In some cases, it can be similar or identical to the habit of a monk or nun. In modern times, many Christian clergy have adopted the use of a clergy shirt with a clerical collar. 2 Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010
Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010 5 cuffs cassock epitrachelion zone, girdle epigonation palitza Chasuble,tunic, phelonion Calotte,skullap kamelaukion cross
6 Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010 cuffs palitza Cope,saccos, pluvial pall mitre panagia Mantle,cloak Crozier, pastoral staff eagle cross
Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 20107 Eastern Christianity A useful distinction between liturgical vestments and clerical clothing is that vestments are required to be blessed before being worn. Conversely, clerical clothing is not, and is regarded as daily wear. Eastern OrthodoxyEastern Catholicism
Catholicism In 1215, a church council made it mandatory for all the Christian clergy to wear a distinctive dress. Its purpose was not necessarily to elevate the status of the Christian clerics; it was intended that they would catch the public eye if any member of the clergy is seen on the street. On the right, an example of the full collar shirt and cassock; on the left, a clerical shirt that could have a tab collar inserted. 8 Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010
Cardinal Bishops Priest 9 Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010
the nineteenth century Anglican clergy wore a black waistcoat with a white collar affixed to the shirt underneath. Anglican ministers began turning the collar around backwards, creating the first versions of the "dog collar". In the middle of the 20th century Anglican bishops began wearing purple (officially violet) shirts the pectoral cross and episcopal ring the cassock in public a Canterbury cap and gaiters In our days a double-breasted cassock (a Sarum), with an external button at chest level on which to hook an academic hood (which is worn as part of the choir habit) the fascia around the waist, while others prefer a belt. Clergy of the royal peculiars, members of the Chapels Royal and Honorary Chaplains to the Queen may wear a scarlet cassock and a special badge on their scarf. Дегтярева Е АВерхотурье 2010 10 Anglicanism
Lutheranism In the Luthera Church a Lutheran bishop might wear Mitre Cassock Pectoral cross
Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 201012 Lutheranism In the Luthera Church pastors mainly wear Surplice Stole Clerical collar Cincture
United Kingdom Methodist church/ a minister 13 Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010 he or she a simple business suit with a coloured shirt and clerical collar. may sometimes wear a cassock, perhaps with bands (neckwear) Methodist Deacons have a less strict dress code; but they often wear dark blue clothing, and always wear the cross of their religious order. The dress of singers varies from congregation to congregation. A typical costume might be a blue cassock, English-style plain white surplice, and for women a canterbury cap. For the most formal occasions, such as the (British) Remembrance Day service at the Cenotaph in London, a traditional black Geneva preaching gown, academic hood and bands may be worn. a Geneva gown
United States- Methodist church 14 Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010 The first woman bishop within Anglicanism was Barbara Clementine Harris, who was ordained in the United States in 1989. In 2006, Katharine Jefferts Schori, the Episcopal Bishop of Nevada, became the first woman to become the Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church.
An Anglican priest vested as a deacon Greek Orthodox deacon Catholic deaconIn Poland, a Catholic deacon 15 Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010
16 A Roman Catholic priest An Eastern Orthodox priest A Catholic priest from Belgian Congo An Anglican priest in choir dress.
Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 201017 Eastern Christianity In the Eastern Churches (Eastern Orthodox, Eastern Rite Catholic) a bishop will wear the mandyas, panagia (and perhaps an enkolpion), sakkos, omophorion and an Eastern-style mitre. Eastern bishops do not normally wear an episcopal ring; the faithful kiss the bishop's hand. To seal official documents, he will usually use an inked stamp. An Eastern bishop's coat of arms will normally display an Eastern-style mitre, cross, eastern style crosier and a red and white (or red and gold) mantle The arms of Oriental Orthodox bishops will display the episcopal insignia (mitre or turban) specific to their own liturgical traditions. Variations occur based upon jurisdiction and national customs. Catholicism The choir dress-the purple cassock with amaranth trim, rochet, purple zucchetto, purple biretta, and pectoral cross. The cappa magna may be worn, but only on especially solemn occasions.The mitre, zuchetto, and stole are generally worn when presiding over liturgical functions. For liturgical functions the bishop wears the cope. Within his own diocese and when celebrating solemnly elsewhere with the consent of the local ordinary, he uses the crosier.When Mass, a bishop wears the chasuble. In solemn celebrations a bishop should also wear a dalmatic, which can always be white, beneath the chasuble. The coat of arms of a Latin Rite Catholic bishop usually displays a galero with a cross and crosier behind the escutcheon; the specifics differ by location and ecclesiastical rank. Anglicanism Anglican bishops generally make use of the mitre, crosier, ecclesiastical ring, purple cassock, purple zucchetto, and pectoral cross. The traditional choir dress of Anglican bishops is quite different from that of their Catholic counterparts; it consists of a long rochet which is worn with a chimere. a bishop
18 Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010 bishop a podsakkosnik ("under-sakkos"), cuffs, stole(epitrakhil), zone or girdle, palitza, Cassock pall, pectoral image(panagia), cross, Mitre priest cassock, cuffs, stole,zone, chasuble(phelonion), cross deacon the sticharion =stichar(dalmatic),the orarion (deacon's stole), the epimanikia (cuffs).
Test for you. What is it? 21 1.A long-sleeved, hoodless garment most often made of lightweight black fabric. They are generally ankle-length-… 3. This is probably the most common type of shirt and collar among Roman Catholic clergy. It resembles a standard dress shirt, but has a standing black collar that is sewn to accommodate a white cloth or soft plastic insert, leaving a small white square at the base of the throat-… 4. A collarless shirt (similar to a banded collar shirt) tailored to accommodate a strip of linen or plastic that, when worn over the shirt, creates a standing white collar that rings the neck-… 5. They are almost always black and are made of worsted wool. They are worn over a neckband shirt and a detachable collar to create a cassock-like appearance about the neck-... Cassock Collarino Neckband Clerical waistcoat or rabat answer 2. A stiff hat worn by monastics or awarded to clergy as a mark of honor-… Kamilavka Cassock Kamilavka Collarino Neckband Clerical waistcoat or rabat
Cassock: A long-sleeved, hoodless garment most often made of lightweight black fabric. Cassocks are generally ankle-length. Clerical collar: There are a variety of options for daily clerical costume all involving the use of a clerical collar: Collarino: This is probably the most common type of shirt and collar among Roman Catholic clergy. It resembles a standard dress shirt, but has a standing black collar that is sewn to accommodate a white cloth or soft plastic insert, leaving a small white square at the base of the throat. Neckband: A collarless shirt (similar to a banded collar shirt) tailored to accommodate a strip of linen or plastic that, when worn over the shirt, creates a standing white collar that rings the neck. This detachable collar is fastened with collar stays or buttons. These shirts and detachable collars were originally intended to be worn underneath a waistcoat, rabat, or cassock. Today these shirts are almost invariably black poly-cotton, but when worn under a waistcoat or rabat are usually white and made of a higher quality oxford cotton weave. Clerical waistcoat or rabat: Clerical waistcoats or rabats are the most traditional and formal item of clerical costume. They are almost always black and are made of worsted wool. Clerical waistcoats generally sport silk backing. They are worn over a neckband shirt and a detachable collar to create a cassock-like appearance about the neck. Unlike the waistcoats that accompany suits, they button all the way to the collar. The rabat is a late innovation, and exactly mirrors the clerical waistcoat, except that it is backless. In Rome, Roman Catholic clergy are permitted to wear black, grey, and blue clerical shirts, while in the United States they are permitted to wear only black, quite likely because of long-standing custom. detachable collardetachable collar 22 Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010
Russian Liturgical Colours 23 Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010 According to the Russian Orthodox Church's Nastol'naya Kniga Sviashchenno-sluzhitelia, up to eight different liturgical colours may be used throughout the year. Exact usage of these colours varies, but the following are the most common uses.
Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 201024 ColourCommon UsageUncommon/Other Usage Gold Feasts of the Lord Jesus Christ Feasts of Prophets Feasts of Apostles Feasts of Holy Hierarchs When no other colour is specified Light Blue Feasts of the Theotokos Presentation of the Lord Annunciation Feasts of Bodiless Powers Feasts of Virgins Fifth Friday of Lent Dormition Fast until Elevation of the Cross, or even Advent (Carpatho- Russians) Purple or Dark Red Cross of Our Lord Great and Holy Thursday Weekends of Lent Weekdays of Lent Red Feasts of Martyrs Feast of Saints Peter and Paul Advent Feasts of Angels Elevation of the Cross Pascha (Mount Athos and Jerusalem) Nativity (Mount Athos and Jerusalem) Green Palm Sunday Pentecost Holy Spirit Day Feasts of Monastic Saints Feasts of Ascetics Feasts of Fools for Christ Feasts of Prophets Feasts of Angels Pentecost until Saints Peter and Paul (Carpatho-Russians) Black Weekdays in Lent Weekday funerals, memorials, and liturgies (Carpatho-Russians) White Epiphany Transfiguration Paschal season Funerals Theophany Christmas Day Orange or Rust Saints Peter and Paul fast Feast of Saints Peter and Paul until Transfiguration