Chapter Issues Crime and Crime Categories (الجريمة والجريمة صلة) Prosecution of Crimes (ملاحقة الجريمة) White Collar Crimes (جرائم ذوي الياقات البيضاء)
Crime (الجريمة) Crime: Positive or negative act that violates a penal law Not civil law Act against a state or federal government or even local government Seen more and more in the business context Computer and technology have created new versions of old criminal laws
Crime Categories Classifications (Class A, Class B) and degrees (first degree, second degree) denote seriousness of criminal charge Violent crimes – murder, manslaughter Non-violent victim crimes – vehicle theft, burglaries Victimless crimes – possession of illegal drugs White collar crimes – embezzlement, bribery, fraud Punishment depends on the category under which a person is convicted –Some crimes punished by death –Imprisonment –Fines –Removal from public office –Disqualified from holding office or voting
Prosecution of Crimes Government agencies decide who will be charged with a crime. Prosecutors receive reports, and results of investigations. Prosecutors then decide whether or not to bring charges. Not all claims of criminal activity are investigated Politics & personal preference may come into play in decisions by prosecutors.
White Collar Crime Computer and Internet Fraud: Economic Espionage: Embezzlement: Environmental Law Violations: Financial Fraud: Government Fraud Healthcare Fraud Insider Trading Insurance Fraud: Mail Fraud: Money Laundering Securities Fraud: Tax Evasion: Telephone and Telemarketing Fraud
White Collar Crime Computer and Internet Fraud: Economic Espionage (تجسس) : Embezzlement (اختلاس ): Environmental Law Violations: Financial Fraud: Government Fraud Healthcare Fraud Insider Trading (تعاملات) Insurance Fraud: Mail Fraud: Money Laundering Securities Fraud: Tax Evasion (التهرب الضريبي ): Telephone and Telemarketing Fraud