Presentation on theme: "Communist Hysteria of the 1950s. The Dot Game Object of the Game: –To begin the game, you will receive a slip of paper. Secretly check to see whether."— Presentation transcript:
Communist Hysteria of the 1950s
The Dot Game Object of the Game: –To begin the game, you will receive a slip of paper. Secretly check to see whether the paper is blank or has a SMALL red dot. Then hide it in your pocket and DO NOT show it to anyone during the game. –Nondots win the game by forming the largest group of students who are all nondots. –Dots win the game by being the only dot in a group. Procedure: –You can ask others whether they are dots or nondots, but players may not reveal their slips of paper during the game. –You do not have to join a group, but you cannot win the game unless you are in a group of at least two people. –You can be a part of a group only if that group agrees that you are a member. –If you suspect that someone is a dot, report your suspicion to the teacher. He or she will deal with the accusation appropriately.
The Dot Game Analysis Dot GameHistorical Connection Some students were dots Most students were nondots Students accused others of being dots even though they never saw other students’ slip of paper Students were to report suspected dots to the teacher. Anxiety increased as students lost trust in one another. Make historical connections to the dot game from Ch. 15 pages
Dot GameHistorical Connection Some students were dots Some Americans during the Cold War were Communist Party members or Soviet spies. Most students were nondots Most Americans were not Communist Party members or Soviet spies. Students accused others of being dots even though they never saw other students’ slip of paper HUAC, McCarthy, and others made accusations — often based only on suspicion—against Americans thought to be communists or communist sympathizers. Accusing individuals without evidence became known as McCarthyism. Americans accused of being communists or communist sympathizers were often placed on blacklists. Students were to report suspected dots to the teacher. Americans were encouraged to report suspected communist activities. Those accused included Alger Hiss and the Rosenbergs. Anxiety increased as students lost trust in one another. Anxieties were raised during the Cold War as Americans were concerned about the spread of communism and the possibility of a nuclear attack by the Soviet Union.
Homework Make a warning sign about the Atomic Age pg The diamond-shaped warning sign should have these things: 1.a short phrase that summarizes the lesson learned today 2.an icon/symbol related to the warning 3.a wordy description that more fully explains the lesson learned and includes at least two Key Content Terms. Place below or behind the warning sign. 4.Use the following terms: Atomic Age, Civil Defense, Federal Civil Defense Administration, Preparedness, Operation Alert Drills As the United States fought the Cold War at home, HUAC, the House Un- American Activities Committee, accused many people of...
Homework terms to know Atomic Age Civil Defense Federal Civil Defense Administration Preparedness Operation Alert Drills
Peace, Prosperity, and Progress THE 1950s:
Postwar Politics: Readjustments and Challenges A Rocky Transition to Peace –Truman’s “Fair Deal” Tried to help society by increasing minimum wage, aid to farmers and education –Inflation War contracts are over, unemployment rises Price controls are over, prices rise
Postwar Politics: Readjustments and Challenges Truman battles the Republican Congress –22 nd Amendment: presidential term limits –Taft-Hartley Act: reduced the power of labor unions –Congress resists civil rights changes Truman fights back by desegregating the military Election of 1948 –Truman narrowly wins (huge surprise)
Eisenhower’s “modern Republicanism”
Economic Growth Creates an Age of Affluence Americans saved a lot of money during WWII, leads to: –Consumer demand ↑ –Production ↑ –Advertising ↑ –Buying on Credit ↑ –“Planned Obsolescence” Ex. Seasonal fashions The Economy Begins to Shift from Goods to Services –New Vocab: Service Sector –Ex. Motels and Fast food franchises
Consumerism 1950 Introduction of the Diner’s Card All babies were potential consumers who spearheaded a brand-new market for food, clothing, and shelter. -- Life Magazine (May, 1958)
A Changing Workplace New Corporate Culture: Blue Collar to White Collar Jobs “The Company Man” “The Company Man” 1956 Sloan Wilson’s The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit
Marriage, Families, and a Baby Boom Increase in marriages (Decrease in marriage age) “Baby Boom” Results: –↑ in consumer spending –↑ in home sales –↑ in schools
Average age of first marriages
Baby Boom It seems to me that every other young housewife I see is pregnant. -- British visitor to America, 1 baby born every 7 seconds
Well-Defined Gender Roles The ideal modern woman married, cooked and cared for her family, and kept herself busy by joining the local PTA and leading a troop of Campfire Girls. She entertained guests in her family’s suburban house and worked out on the trampoline to keep her size 12 figure. -- Life magazine, 1956 The ideal 1950s man was the provider, protector, and the boss of the house. -- Life magazine, William H. Whyte, Jr. The Organization Man A a middle-class, white suburban male is the ideal.
Suburbia $7,990 or $60/month with no down payment. Levittown, L. I.: “The American Dream” 1949 William Levitt produced 150 houses per week.
Suburban Living: The New “American Dream” k 1 story high k 12’x19’ living room k 2 bedrooms k tiled bathroom k garage k small backyard k front lawn By 1960 1/3 of the U. S. population in the suburbs. eature=related eature=related
Suburban Living SHIFTS IN POPULATION DISTRIBUTION, Central Cities 31.6% 32.3% 32.6% 32.0% Suburbs 19.5% 23.8% 30.7% 41.6% Rural Areas/ 48.9% 43.9% 36.7% 26.4% Small Towns *Population also shifts to the “Sunbelt” states.
Suburban Living: The Typical TV Suburban Families The Donna Reed Show Leave It to Beaver Father Knows Best The Ozzie & Harriet Show
The Culture of the Car First McDonald’s (1955) America became a more homogeneous nation because of the automobile. Drive-In Movies Howard Johnson’s