Presentation on theme: "Horizontal syllabus… CATEGORIES OF CRIME Offences against the person"— Presentation transcript:
1 Horizontal syllabus… CATEGORIES OF CRIME Offences against the person Offences against the sovereignEconomic offencespropertywhite collarcomputerDrug offencesDriving offencesPublic Order offencesPreliminary CrimesattemptsconspiracyCRIMES against the personCRIMES against thesovereignEconomic CRIMESproperty CRIMESwhite collar CRIMEScomputer CRIMESDrug CRIMESDriving CRIMESPublic Order CRIMESPreliminary CRIMESattemped CRIMESconspiracy to commit a CRIME
2 Murder (killing someone and intending to kill them, or at least cause grievous/serious bodily harm) Manslaughter (voluntary and involuntary)Assault (the threat and/or use of violence)Sexual assault (sexual contact without the other person’s consent – you cannot consent if you are under 16 or severely intellectually disabled)Offences against the personTreason – Attempting to take over the government by force; fighting in a war against your own country; selling government secrets to an enemy country; etcSedition – Trying to get other people to go against the government (e.g. R v Sharkey (1949) where Sharkey said in a newspaper interview that Australians should let the Soviet Union take over AustraliaOffences against the sovereignProperty crimes – ‘Larceny’ (stealing someone’s property, e.g. car theft); ‘Robbery’ (stealing something from someone who is there, e.g. mugging, bank robbery); etcWhite collar crimes – Business crimes – ‘Embezzlement’ (stealing from your own company); ‘Insider trading’ (illegally using secret information to profit from the sharemarket); tax evasion; etcComputer crimes – Umm.. Crimes involving computers, like ‘hacking’; spreading viruses; etc (new section about ‘computer crime’ only added to the Crimes Act in 2001!)Economic offencesCATEGORIES OF CRIMEOffences against the personOffences against the sovereignEconomic offencespropertywhite collarcomputerDrug offencesDriving offencesPublic Order offencesPreliminary Crimesattemptsconspiracy
3 CATEGORIES OF CRIME Drug offences Anything that has to do with possessing, using, supplying, selling, manufacturing/growing or importing illegal drugs (or prescription drugs without being legally allowed to)Offences against the personOffences against the sovereignEconomic offencespropertywhite collarcomputerDrug offencesDriving offencesPublic Order offencesPreliminary CrimesattemptsconspiracyDriving offencesSpeeding; reckless driving; driving under the influence of drugs or alcoholNSW speeding penalties were reduced in 2009 for people caught going under 10km/h over the limit (1 point, $84 fine). However, the penalties for going over that were increasedPublic Order offences (he he, POOs)Actions that are deemed (considered) offensive to the public, but generally legal in your own home (they disrupt the ‘order’ of the public)Offensive language (though anything less than the “c” word is generally not considered “offensive” any more); public nudity; soliciting (offering/accepting) prostitutionPreliminary CrimesAttempts - EXCEPT FOR ATTEMPTED MURDER, any attempt to commit a crime is punishable to the same extent as if the person actually succeeded in doing itConspiracy - When two or more people jointly plan (“conspire”) to commit a crime together. Since the people involved haven’t actually committed the crime yet, it is very difficult to prove conspiracy. If the prosecution wants to prove this, it helps to have evidence like written plans, phone tapping, etc.