3Learning IntentionsHave an understanding of what will be expected over the course of the year and during this topicBe able to give a definition of what crime isBe able to explain different types of crimes with examples
4Overview of Crime and the Law in Scotland and the UK. Course DescriptorOption 2: Crime and the LawIn the crime and the law context, learners will focus on the causes of crime, the impact of crime on individuals and society and the role of individuals, the police, the legal system and the state in tackling crime.Overview of Crime and the Law in Scotland and the UK.With reference to different types of crime, eg personal and property and different groups affected by crime:♦ Evidence of extent of crime such as official reports and academic research.♦ Causes of crime, such as poverty/deprivation, social exclusion, family influence, peer pressure, alcohol/ drug misuse.♦ Consequences of crime on individuals/ families, communities
5Exam Questions: Why people commit crime This is just a small sample. A document with potential exam questions is on the school web page.Why people commit crime‘People commit crimes for different reasons.’ Explain why people commit crimes.‘Some parts of Scotland have higher crime rates than others.’ Explain, in detail, the reasons why some parts of Scotland have higher crime rates than others.Social exclusion and poverty often lead to youth crime. Explain, in detail, why social exclusion and poverty often lead to youth crime.These types of questions will test your knowledge. But other questions will test your skills. Please see the school website.
6What is Crime?Democratically elected MPs make laws that apply to the whole of the UK and MSPs make laws that apply to Scotland. A crime is any act which breaks these laws.
7Types of Crime Crime Group Definition Number of Crimes recorded by the police in ScotlandNon-sexual crimes of violenceMurder, attempted murder, serious assault, robbery, other9,533Sexual OffencesRape, attempted Rape, sexual assault, prostitution, other7,359Crimes of dishonestyHousebreaking, theft, shoplifting, fraud, other154, 337Fire raising, Vandalism etcDeliberately setting fires and damaging property75,201OtherHandling a weapon, drug offences, traffic crime, public disorder, other67, 756
8Independent research: Serious organised crimeWhite Collar CrimeBlue Collar CrimeNew CrimePLEASE WRITE A DEFINITION AND GIVE AN UP TO DATE EXAMPLE
9SERIOUS ORGANISED CRIME Organised crime groups can span the world and use the money they make from things like pirate DVDs to fund more serious crimes like human trafficking.WHITE-COLLAR CRIMECrime committed for financial gain by someone in a position of trust. Examples of this type of crime are fraud, embezzlement, bribery, insider trading, money laundering and cyber crime.BLUE COLLAR CRIMEBlue Collar Crime is committed by people in unskilled jobs or who or unemployed. Most likely to be housebreaking, shoplifting or vandalism.NEW CRIMECyber bullying and hate crimes are new crimes and these are on the rise.
10Crime in ScotlandThe Scottish Crime and Justice Survey (SCJS) measures recorded crime in Scotland annually.Young males are most like to be victims of crimeHigher number of victims in poor areasE.g crimes committed in Glasgow