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Illinois Enterprise Zones Act: New Zone Application 101 st Illinois Municipal League Conference Hilton Chicago Hotel Chicago, IL September 19, 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Illinois Enterprise Zones Act: New Zone Application 101 st Illinois Municipal League Conference Hilton Chicago Hotel Chicago, IL September 19, 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Illinois Enterprise Zones Act: New Zone Application 101 st Illinois Municipal League Conference Hilton Chicago Hotel Chicago, IL September 19, 2014

2 Changes to Enterprise Zone Act Or “Why are we here?”

3 Enterprise Zone Act Legislative compromise(s) Did NOT simply extend all existing zones by decades No new zones created (still 97) Ten new statutory criteria to qualify as an enterprise zone – old criteria deleted from Act Creation of Enterprise Zone Board to approve or deny enterprise zone applications (not DCEO itself) DCEO scores applications, but Board makes ultimate decision

4 Enterprise Zone Act (part 2) An automatic extension of otherwise expiring enterprise zones scheduled to expire before July 1, 2016 – If you have a zone that expires between now and July 1, 2016, make sure that your designating local governments pass the ordinance(s) necessary to extend the zone life. 15-year term for new enterprise zones with a review by the Enterprise Zone Board “after 13 years for an additional 10- year designation” Fees capped and a fee schedule must be filed with DCEO by “April 1 of each year” Reporting to Ill Dept of Revenue by businesses

5 Applying for a New Zone

6 Who is Eligible? A municipality or county may qualify an area for designation (joint applications are allowed) Zones DO NOT apply – cities and counties apply Meets 3 of the 10 criteria (The Ten Tests) – Communities with existing zone can apply even if their zone has not yet expired – Those without a zone are encouraged to apply Will be able to apply in subsequent rounds if not chosen in first round

7 Enterprise Zone Board Five-member Board – Chaired by Director of DCEO (or designee) – Director of IL Dept of Revenue (or designee) – Three members appointed by Governor and confirmed by the State Senate Must have “at least 5 years of experience in business, economic development, or site location” One from Cook County, one from the collar counties, and one from the rest of the state Board has not yet been appointed and confirmed

8 What Zones Are Available? Overall there are still the 97 Enterprise Zones (in several decades the 5 Rivers Edge Zones will also be available) Applications accepted for expiring zones 2 years prior to the expiration of an existing zone The first round requires applying in 2014 and designation in 2015 – Up to 48 zones * will be designated by the Enterprise Zone Board * Decisions by some zones to extend their term may affect the total number available.

9 Deadlines / Overall Process Applications are due to DCEO’s Springfield office on or before December 31, 2014 (not just postmarked) DCEO will score applications and submit to the Enterprise Zone Board on or before June 30, 2015 The Enterprise Zone Board will approve or deny applications on or before September 30, 2015 New Zones will be effective on January 1, 2016 About ½ of zones awarded in first round

10 Assistance from NIU CGS DCEO is working with Northern Illinois University’s Center for Governmental Studies to provide technical assistance – Website to assist in defining LLMA, pulling together data needed for criteria, FAQ, etc. – Listserv to make Q&A more broadly available for more technical questions Sherrie Taylor and Norman Walzer will make a presentation next

11 The Application

12 Parts of Application Eligibility Criteria (The Ten Tests) Economic Development Goals of the Zone Local Incentives and Programs (zone-wide) Role of the Designated Zone Organization (DZO) Municipality or County Incentives (not zone-wide) Economic Impact of the Zone Management Structure of the Zone Transcript of Public Hearings and a Copy of the Public Notice Copies of the Designating Ordinance (and IGA) Joint Applicant Information (when more than one government) Zone Boundary Description Local Labor Market Area definition

13 Local Labor Market Area LLMA Defined by the applicant Is NOT the same geographic area as the enterprise zone itself Used in 8 of the 10 tests in the application Source: en.wikipedia

14 Local Labor Market Area "Local labor market area" means an economically integrated area within which individuals can reside and find employment within a reasonable distance or can readily change jobs without changing their place of residence. (20 ILCS 655/3(h)) Additional requirements: – contiguous – compact – entirely within the State of Illinois – comprised of whole Census Tracts (to the extent practicable) – contain the entire area within the boundaries of the Enterprise Zone to which the LLMA relates – may take into account communities of interest

15 Zone Boundary Description A legal description of the Enterprise Zone AND A map of the Enterprise Zone that clearly identifies the zone's boundaries and provides names of streets and highways; Applicants are encouraged to submit geospatial data as ESRI ARCGIS Shape files; Applicants shall clearly indicate any territory within the Enterprise Zone that is already within an existing Enterprise Zone

16 Zone Boundary Description (part 2) The legal description is necessary for proper recording in the County Recorder of Deeds office The map is required by the Act, and will eventually be posted on DCEO’s website ESRI ARCGIS Shape files are an industry standard – and GIS software can often produce a metes and bounds description Identifying any overlapping areas between an existing zone and the proposed zone allows for an “automatic” deletion of territory from the existing zone if the proposed zone is certified

17 Local Incentives Provide information concerning each local incentive, program, special activity, or commitment to be provided in support of the zone, including: – a description of each incentive and its purpose – how each incentive will be implemented – indicate who will provide the incentive (i.e. the applicant; other local governments; other organizations, entities, or individuals) provide evidence of commitment or assurances in the form of ordinances, resolutions, or letters from private sector entities applicant must provide a resolution from the governing board of any non-applicant taxing bodies authorizing participation (e.g. school districts, etc.)

18 Local Incentives (part 2) Provide information concerning each local incentive, program, special activity, or commitment to be provided in support of the zone, including: – any special conditions or qualifications imposed on the applicability of the incentive phase in / phase out schedules, permit requirements, property class eligibility, prevailing wage, or living wage requirements, etc. – the period of availability and the effective date provided – for activities which require direct expenditures, indicate the source of funds – the estimated impact on the revenue of the designating unit(s) of local government – describe and estimate the intended effect and anticipated benefits to zone residents and businesses

19 Local Incentives (part 3) Each incentive, program, special activity, or commitment to be provided may not be offered on a case-by-case basis, and must ensure that all taxpayers or participants eligible under similar circumstances are treated in a similar manner For example, different units of local government may provide different levels of property tax abatements; however, a unit may not make an abatement depend upon the identity of the taxpayer / business Remember that a unit of local government that doesn’t participate in the enterprise zone local incentives may still be able to offer local property tax abatements under the Property Tax Code

20 The Ten Tests The tests are set by statute (passed by General Assembly) with clarification in the administrative rules Each test has a maximum point total (set by statute) The scores along with “supporting documentation” are passed along to the Enterprise Zone Board The Enterprise Zone Board is not required to award or deny tests based solely on the scores: “In determining which designated areas shall be approved and certified as enterprise zones, the Board shall give preference to the extent to which the area meets the criteria set forth in Section 4.” (20 ILCS 655/5.2.1(g))

21 The Ten Tests 1.Unemployment 2.Employment Opportunities 3.Poverty 4.Abandoned Coal Mine, Brownfield or Federal Disaster Area 5.Large Scale Business Closings 6.Vacant Structures 7.Tax Base Improvement Plan 8.Public Infrastructure Improvement Plan 9.Career Skills Programs 10.Equalized Assessed Valuation Source: en.wikipedia

22 Test 1 - Unemployment LLMA has had annual average unemployment rate ≥ 120% of the State’s average Up to 50 points More points awarded the higher the unemployment rate is above the state average Use IDES data

23 Designation will result in 1,000 FTE jobs due to $100M or more in investment Help alleviate poverty and unemployment within the LLMA Up to 50 points More points awarded the higher number of jobs created/retained and amount of investment promised Applicant must specify the time period (less than 15 years) Describe how this will help alleviate poverty and unemployment Test 2 – Employment Opportunities

24 LLMA has poverty rate ≥ 20% (percentage of all people) 50% or more of children in LLMA are eligible for free/reduced price school lunches 20% or more of households in LLMA receive food stamps Up to 40 points – up to 10 points for each, plus another 10 for severity Use Census Bureau data for poverty and food stamps (American Community Survey) Use State Board of Education data for school lunch eligibility Test 3 - Poverty Source: Flickr

25 Proposed ZONE has an abandoned coal mine, brownfield, or federal disaster area Up to 30 points More points for more abandoned mines, more brownfields, or more federal disaster area declarations Use IDNR data for abandoned coal mines Use IEPA and US EPA data for brownfields Use FEMA for federal disaster data Test 4 – Abandoned Coal Mine, Brownfield or Federal Disaster Area Source: en.wikipedia

26 Test 5 – Large Scale Business Closings LLMA has had layoffs, plant closures, or State or federal facility closures Up to 50 points More points awarded for severity as measured by the number of workers affected Use Illinois WARN notices for layoffs and plant closures (within the last 10 years) Use State Facilities Closure Act notices for State closures (within the last 5 years) Schulze Baking Company Plant – en.wikipedia

27 Test 6 – Vacant Structures LLMA has a high vacancy rate of industrial or commercial properties Up to 40 points More points awarded for extent and severity of vacancy or deterioration Use MLS data or other data sources Applicants may create own data sets Vacancy Space Available For Sale

28 Test 7 – Tax Base Improvement Plan Applicant has substantial plan for how the proposed zone will improve the State and local government tax base Up to 30 points More points awarded for extent the application “addresses a plan to improve the State and local government tax base” Applicants should address state/local sales tax base; state income tax base; and, the local property tax base

29 Test 8 – Public Infrastructure Improvement Plan LLMA has significant public infrastructure and a plan for infrastructure development and improvement Up to 50 points Applicants should provide an inventory of existing public infrastructure in the LLMA (to support economic development) Provide a 3-year plan to improve public infrastructure for each designating local government (listing projects, financing, timetable, and justification) Points awarded for both inventory and the plan, with a majority of points for the plan

30 Test 9 – Career Skills Programs High schools and community colleges in the LLMA “are engaged in ACT Work Keys, Manufacturing Skills Standard Certification, or industry-based credentials that prepare students for careers” Up to 40 points Applicants should list all high schools and community colleges in the LLMA and indicate which ones are engaged in such programs More points for applicants with a higher percentage of schools with such programs

31 Test 10 – Equalized Assessed Valuation Change in EAV in for commercial / industrial properties in the LLMA in the last 5 years is worse than the State average change in EAV for commercial / industrial properties Up to 40 points More points awarded the more severe the change in EAV Use data from IDOR or local chief assessment official(s)

32 Online: Illinois Department of Commerce & Economic Opportunity Illinois DCEO G. Allen Mayer Deputy General Counsel (217) 524-6493

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