Continued Wealth Includes income and assets Power The ability to get people to do what you want without having to make them do so Persuasive power Means that you use direct or indirect methods to get what you want Prestige Refers to the level of esteem associated with our status and social standing
How Does Inequality Affect the Lives of People? Upper or Elite Class Very small in number and holds significant wealth Upper Middle Class Consists of high-income members of society who are well educated but do not belong to elite membership of the super wealthy Middle Class Have moderate incomes Vary from low-paid white-collar workers to well-paid blue-collar workers
History of Poverty Throughout human history, there have always been people who are poor Elizabethan “Poor Law” of 1601 First real law dealing with “welfare and poverty” in Britain Attempted to accomplish four things: Separate church from delivery of social services Eliminate begging and crime in streets Bring social assistance under government control Set standards to determine those eligible to receive help and amount of help they should receive
Functionalism Functionalists Kingsley Davis and Wilbert Moore Every system tends toward equilibrium, so inequality in the US is inevitable – even essential – for society to function smoothly Society has various positions that need to be filled The more important the position is, the rarer the skill or the longer the training period required for it
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