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Paul Sacks, CIO, Aurum Options Strategies, LLC Shanghai Derivatives Market Forum May 29, 2014 Application of Gold Options in Enterprise Risk Management.

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Presentation on theme: "Paul Sacks, CIO, Aurum Options Strategies, LLC Shanghai Derivatives Market Forum May 29, 2014 Application of Gold Options in Enterprise Risk Management."— Presentation transcript:

1 Paul Sacks, CIO, Aurum Options Strategies, LLC Shanghai Derivatives Market Forum May 29, 2014 Application of Gold Options in Enterprise Risk Management

2 2 Extraordinary moment in time Discussion of options, particularly in this amount of allotted time, is more interesting and informative by way of example. Let’s talk about GOLD – Benefits – ubiquitous academic research Landscape looks problematic – Improving economic data, QE tapering Problems (FOR HEDGER AND INVESTORS) Options strategies, what options can offer With that said… – “I am the biggest gold bull in the room.” – “I own zero gold.” Exciting Opportunity

3 3 How Options Mitigate Risk This is a topic about which I am passionate I will highlight – What makes options unique – Gold options strategies that can benefit HNW individuals and gold consumers Some introduction to building blocks Some more complex option combinations Examining PnL graphs and comparing pros and cons – A common strategy employed by commercial hedgers and an innovative approach to improve it

4 4 Options: A Unique Tool Characteristics that make options unique and interesting – Asymmetric return profile – Time dependency – Strike dependency – Path dependency Multi-dimensional Unmatched in their potential for diverse financial “expression”

5 5 What Next? Source: CQG

6 6 Okay … Let’s Get Into It How can we use options to improve our gold exposure? Starting simple Vanilla calls and puts Call option Debit Premium at risk Limited “tenor” typically inexpensive Long 1 June 1400c at 0.50 USD 0

7 7 Building On It Call spread Still initiated for a debit Financing Limited upside Increasing tenor Long 1 December 1350c at Short 1 December 1400c at debit 0 Profit Spread Price {

8 8 More Complex 1x2 call spread Net short calls (-1) Unlimited risk Long 1 December 1350c Short 2 December 1400c Collecting premium 5.00 credit Profit Gold price at expiration

9 9 Aurum Structure Lets combine two building blocks 1x2 call spread + outright call 1x2x2 (multiple tenors) Key benefits – Capital preservation - overall short premium – Leveraged upside - net long calls Key risks – Requires active management, purchasing of front month outright calls, must buy this short dated call

10 10 Strategy Description by Regime Absolute return area Uncorrelated to gold Slight negative beta Large potential gains due to leverage Outperformance relative to long underlying Correlated to gold Strong positive beta Mitigation of downside volatility Benefits of optionality; no stop outs Uncorrelated to gold Beta close to zero Price of Gold Possible outcomes

11 11 Beneficiaries It works well for – HNW individuals that own gold – Investors who want gold-like protection in their portfolio, but don’t want to experience the 2013 downturns. For them gold represents an insurance play. They know they are not market timers. They have the potential to make more on an extreme move anyways. Should also be considered by – Consumers, jewelry makers, etc… Anyone who inherently benefits from a lower price (cost of input), and conversely is punished by a higher price WHAT ABOUT COMMERCIAL HEDGERS?

12 12 Quick Pause… Commercial Hedgers Gold Mines – Increase predictability – Smooth cash flows – Focus on “core” business – Increase competitiveness – Make profitability a function of how well they run business, not where gold goes

13 13 Most Common Approach What is a zero cost collar? buy a put and sell a call to finance it Combining underlying with zcc = look familiar? Profit Gold price at expiration

14 14 Standard Net Result Gold mine’s new PnL graph with zero-cost collar (50% hedging) Profit Gold price at expiration

15 15 ZCC – Often Used, But Best? Zero cost collars are not “zero cost” – Forgo tremendous upside PnL – You are selling low vol, buying high vol Long Put Short Call

16 16 Back to Aurum Structure Commercial hedgers need to protect downside, not upside Remember options are nearly the definition of flexible Superior hedging strategy for Gold mines – Full participation in upside – Equal flexibility to downside protection price – Selling, not buying, higher priced vol

17 17 Back to Aurum Structure

18 18 Back to Aurum Structure

19 19 Conclusion Options are unmatched in their ability to enable you to employ financial expressions, manage risk – For consumers, producers and investors Flexible Optionality Efficient leverage This is why … – “I am the biggest gold bull in the room.” – “I own zero gold.”

20 20 Disclaimer This talk has been a quick overview of complicated strategies. It is not intended to be taken as a specific trade recommendation, nor a solicitation of any kind. Trading options involves risk. Option pricing is impacted by many factors and requires experience. Any of my colleagues or I are willing and happy to discuss risk management strategies in further detail.


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