Presentation on theme: "Lesson 13: Street Crime and White Collar Crime and the Prison Industrial Complex Social Problems Robert Wonser."— Presentation transcript:
1Lesson 13: Street Crime and White Collar Crime and the Prison Industrial Complex Social ProblemsRobert Wonser
2Types of Economic Crimes Blue-collar Crimes - Traditional common law theft crimes such as larceny, burglary, and arson.White-collar Crimes - Crimes of business enterprise such as embezzlement, price fixing, and bribery.Green-collar Crimes - Crimes that affect the environment.LO5: Be familiar with the various forms of white-collar crimes.
3White-Collar Crimes Business frauds and swindles Ponzi schemes – An investment fraud that involves the payment of purported returns to existing investors from funds contributed by new investors.The OG Ponzi, Charles Ponzi, 1929LO4: Know what is meant by the term Ponzi scheme.Bernie Madoff, 2009
4White-Collar CrimesInfluence peddling - Using one's institutional position to grant favors and sell information to which one's co- conspirators are not entitled.Influence peddling in governmentInfluence peddling in criminal justiceInfluence peddling in businessLO5: Be familiar with the various forms of white-collar crimes.
5White-Collar CrimesEmbezzlement - A type of larceny in which someone who is trusted with property fraudulently converts it to his or her own use or for the use of others.Client fraudHealth care fraudTax evasionLO5: Be familiar with the various forms of white-collar crimes.
6White-Collar CrimesCorporate (organizational) crime - Powerful institutions or their representatives willfully violate the laws that restrain these institutions from doing social harm or require them to do social good.LO5: Be familiar with the various forms of white-collar crimes.
7Theories of White-Collar and Green-Collar Crimes Rational Choice: GreedLureRational Choice: NeedLO2: Recognize the differences between professional and amateur thieves.
8Theories of White-Collar and Green-Collar Crimes Rationalization/Neutraliza tion ViewCultural ViewSelf-Control ViewLO5: Be familiar with the various forms of white-collar crimes.
9Class Discussion/Activity Discuss which of the criminological theories fits best for green-collar criminals.Rational ChoiceGreedNeedCulturalSelf-ControlOthers?
10Controlling White-Collar and Green-Collar Crime Deterrence versus ComplianceCompliance strategies: Methods of controlling white-collar crime that rely on the threat of economic sanctions or civil penalties to control potential violators.Deterrence strategies: Methods of controlling white-collar crime that rely on punishment to deter would-be violators.LO6: Discuss efforts to control white-collar and green-collar crime.
11The Prison Industrial Complex The term prison–industrial complex (PIC) is used to attribute the rapid expansion of the US inmate population to the political influence of private prison companies and businesses that supply goods and services to government prison agencies.
14Paid between 93¢ and $4.73 per day, and collecting no benefits, prisoners are a cheap labor source for about 100 companies (source).
15If you’ve bought products by or from Starbucks, Nintendo, Victoria’s Secret, JC Penney, Sears, Wal-Mart, K-Mart, Eddie Bauer, Wendy’s, Proctor & Gamble, Johnson & Johnson, Fruit of the Loom, Motorola, Caterpiller, Sara Lee, Quaker Oats, Mary Kay, or Microsoft, you are part of this system.
16When prisoners are in state and federal prisons, the U. S When prisoners are in state and federal prisons, the U.S. taxpayer is subsidizing low wages and corporate profits, since they are paying for prisoners’ room, board, and health care.When prisoners are in private prisons, prison labor is a way to make more money off of the human beings caught in the corrections industry.In other words, prison labor is an efficient way for corporations to continue to increase their profits without sharing those gains with their employees.