Presentation on theme: "What is Crime? BY THE END OF THE LESSON YOU WILL BE ABLE TO:"— Presentation transcript:
1What is Crime? BY THE END OF THE LESSON YOU WILL BE ABLE TO: EXPLAIN WHAT CRIME ISEXPLAIN WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT CRIME
2In pairs – you have 2 mins to complete the sentence A Crime isWith your partner list as many crimes as you can think of in 2 mins
3DefinitionA crime is any action which breaks the formal laws of society and for which a person can be punished.The laws of Scotland are made by the UK parliament and Scottish Parliament and are enforced by the police and the legal system.The police do not make the laws!
5Various Types of Crime: Specific Examples Property crime involves stealing, dishonestly obtaining, or damaging another person’s property. Burglary, theft and car crime are examples of property crimeViolent crimes is when the offender uses or threatens to use violence against a victim. Violent crimes include murder, manslaughter (culpable homicide in Scotland) assault and rape.
6A ‘Public Order Crime’ is a crime that is committed against society as a whole, not against a specific person or group . Simply put, it is an act that disrupts the ‘norms’ of society. For example, many people were arrested for Public Order Offences’ during the London Riots of 2011.Here is a further, more recent e.g.:
7Another variety of public order crime is ‘anti-social behaviour’ such as: Rowdy, noisy behaviour in otherwise quiet neighbourhoodsNight-time noise from houses or gardens, especially between 23:00 and 07:00Threatening, drunken or "yobbish" behaviourVandalism, graffiti and fly-postingDealing or buying drugs on the streetLitter and fly-tipping rubbishAggressive beggingDrinking in the streetSetting off fireworks late at nightAbandoning cars on the street
8Corporate Crime is crime that takes place in the workplace Corporate Crime is crime that takes place in the workplace. Examples would be crimes against consumers/customers or using computers to hack into other people’s information. This may also include fraud such as tax avoidance or bogus insurance claims.
9“Blue and White Collar Crime” We can separate crimes into two categories: ‘Blue-collar crime’ is any crime committed by an individual from a lower social class as opposed to ‘white collar crime’ which is associated with crime committed by individuals of a higher social class.So…for example car theft would be described as blue collar and corporate fraud would be white collar.
10Hate CrimesHate crime is any criminal offence committed against a person or property that is motivated by an offender’s hatred of someone because of their:race, colour, ethnic origin, nationality or national originsreligiongender or gender identitysexual orientationdisabilityThe official figures published showed there were 4,518 race crime charges in 2011/12, a rise of 8% on the previous 12 month period.Religiously aggravated charges rose by 29% to 897.
11Activities What is the definition of “crime”? What % of Scottish crimes in 2010/11 were assaults?Give 3 examples of anti-social behaviour?Outline the difference between blue and white collar crime giving examples of each?What is a ‘hate crime’?