Presentation on theme: "BY THE END OF THE LESSON YOU WILL BE ABLE TO: EXPLAIN WHAT CRIME IS EXPLAIN WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT CRIME What is Crime?"— Presentation transcript:
BY THE END OF THE LESSON YOU WILL BE ABLE TO: EXPLAIN WHAT CRIME IS EXPLAIN WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT CRIME What is Crime?
In pairs – you have 2 mins to complete the sentence A Crime is With your partner list as many crimes as you can think of in 2 mins
Definition A crime is any action which breaks the formal laws of society and for which a person can be punished. The laws of Scotland are made by the UK parliament and Scottish Parliament and are enforced by the police and the legal system. The police do not make the laws!
2010/11 Scottish Crime Survey
Various Types of Crime: Specific Examples Property crime involves stealing, dishonestly obtaining, or damaging another person’s property. Burglary, theft and car crime are examples of property crime Violent crimes is when the offender uses or threatens to use violence against a victim. Violent crimes include murder, manslaughter (culpable homicide in Scotland) assault and rape.
A ‘Public Order Crime’ is a crime that is committed against society as a whole, not against a specific person or group. Simply put, it is an act that disrupts the ‘norms’ of society. For example, many people were arrested for Public Order Offences’ during the London Riots of Here is a further, more recent e.g.: offence-over-boat-race-incident html
Another variety of public order crime is ‘anti-social behaviour’ such as: Rowdy, noisy behaviour in otherwise quiet neighbourhoods Night-time noise from houses or gardens, especially between 23:00 and 07:00 Threatening, drunken or "yobbish" behaviour Vandalism, graffiti and fly-posting Dealing or buying drugs on the street Litter and fly-tipping rubbish Aggressive begging Drinking in the street Setting off fireworks late at night Abandoning cars on the street
Corporate Crime is crime that takes place in the workplace. Examples would be crimes against consumers/customers or using computers to hack into other people’s information. This may also include fraud such as tax avoidance or bogus insurance claims.
“Blue and White Collar Crime” We can separate crimes into two categories: ‘Blue-collar crime’ is any crime committed by an individual from a lower social class as opposed to ‘white collar crime’ which is associated with crime committed by individuals of a higher social class. So…for example car theft would be described as blue collar and corporate fraud would be white collar.
Hate Crimes Hate crime is any criminal offence committed against a person or property that is motivated by an offender’s hatred of someone because of their: race, colour, ethnic origin, nationality or national origins religion gender or gender identity sexual orientation disability The official figures published showed there were 4,518 race crime charges in 2011/12, a rise of 8% on the previous 12 month period. Religiously aggravated charges rose by 29% to 897.
Activities 1.What is the definition of “crime”? 2.What % of Scottish crimes in 2010/11 were assaults? 3.Give 3 examples of anti-social behaviour? 4.Outline the difference between blue and white collar crime giving examples of each? 5.What is a ‘hate crime’?