Presentation on theme: "American Dilemmas Models and Economic Approaches."— Presentation transcript:
American Dilemmas Models and Economic Approaches
Learning Objectives Critically analyze social problems by identifying value perspectives and applying concepts of sociology, political science, and economics; Use knowledge and analyses of social problems to evaluate public policy, and to suggest policy alternatives, with special reference to questions of social justice, the common good, and public and individual responsibility.
Paper Proposal Due in class on 7/12 5% of your final Grade Involves submitting 2 Parts – Worksheet – 2 page paper
A Good Topic addresses a social Problem and has a controversial solution
A Good Topic is one that is being discussed by real people Theoretical discussions on policy are no better than Drunk Talk! For Example – http://www.tubechop.com/watch/124054 http://www.tubechop.com/watch/124054
Where to find good topics Google News Newspapers The White House Page Congress- The Library
Good or Bad? What are the effects of Embryonic stem cell research? Should the US lift the trade embargo on Cuba? Should the use of cell phones be prohibiting while driving? Why is the war in Afghanistan wrong?
Good or Bad Is global warming detrimental to human existence? Should the Federal Government pass a cap-and-trade bill to combat global warming Has the federal government diminished the rights of citizens since 9/11?
Good or Bad Should the burning of the flag be made unconstitutional Should Botswana charge fees for state education?
Good Macro Topic Areas State and Federal Income programs (Medicare, Medicaid, Food Stamps) Economic Policies Immigration Energy and the Environment Foreign Policy with troublesome nations Social Security Budgets and deficits Education Campaign finance/electoral reform Transportation (federal, state and local) Health Care Repeal/Reform
What are Perspectives/Models Methods that each discipline uses to understand social problems Simplified representations of some aspect of the real world – Simplify and clarify difficult problems – Help understand what is important and unimportant
Rational/Public Choice The application of economic analyses to public policymaking In economics, people pursue their self- interests in the market. In policy you try to maximize your personal benefits
Public Choice Actors Can be applied to any unit of analysis (state, person, interest group, etc) People will join collective organizations when it benefits them.
Incrementalism Select policies based on the existing order. Policy is a continuation of past government activities with only incremental modifications A policy conservative and expedient way of making change. Downsides?
Political Feasibility What is it How Does it work