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U.S. Political Parties CP Political Systems. U.S. Political Parties: Beginnings What is a political party? –Organization of people who share similar ideas.

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Presentation on theme: "U.S. Political Parties CP Political Systems. U.S. Political Parties: Beginnings What is a political party? –Organization of people who share similar ideas."— Presentation transcript:

1 U.S. Political Parties CP Political Systems

2 U.S. Political Parties: Beginnings What is a political party? –Organization of people who share similar ideas about the way the country should be governed

3 Political Party Systems 3 Political Party Systems in the World 1.) One Party System: Political party and the government are the SAME Only 1 party, so no competing ideas Party membership based on lineage, wealth, military power, religious power Example: China (Communist Party)

4 Political Party Systems 2.) Multi-Party System: Three or more parties compete for control of the government –Common in Europe, Israel, Japan –Advantage : provides voters with many different choices and ideas –Disadvantage: difficult for one party to get majority of votes, which leads to a Coalition: EXAMPLE – Italy (50 different govts. since WWII) Daisy AllianceSunflower Alliance Italian Communist 500,000 votes 450,000 votes 200,000 votes Coalition

5 Political Party Systems 3. Two-Party System: Two parties compete with each other to run the government. –Party system of U.S.: Democrats and Republicans –Advantages: Continuity –Disadvantages: Minority parties (third parties) receive little attention – focus is on two main parties

6 U.S. Political Parties: Beginnings George Washington against political parties  “parties serve their own interests”  “parties not beneficial to American people” Parties formed after his exit: 1.Democratic-Republicans 2. Federalists

7 U.S. Political Parties: Beginnings Democratic- Republicans  Supported states rights  Supported economy based on agriculture  Power in hands of all people  Led by Thomas Jefferson

8 U.S. Political Parties: Beginnings Federalists  Supported strong national govt.  Supported economy based on industry  Power in hands of wealthy and educated  Led by Alexander Hamilton

9 U.S. Political Parties: Beginnings Federalists Breakup  Federalists gradually disappear – no political momentum  John Adams only party member to be elected President  Supporters formed new party: Whig Party ( )

10 U.S. Political Parties: Beginnings Mid 1820’s: Democratic- Republicans breaking up Democratic Party formed to continue representing small farmers and working people

11 U.S. Political Parties: Beginnings 1850’s: Democratic Party and Whig Party split over slavery –Pro-slavery voters form Democratic Party –Whigs and anti-slavery Democrats formed Republican Party

12 U.S Political Parties: Beginnings Republican Party  1860: Abe Lincoln becomes 1 st Republican President  Emerges as stronger of 2 parties after Civil War  :Only 2 Democratic Presidents elected  Grover Cleveland  Woodrow Wilson

13 U.S. Political Parties: Characteristics Democratic Party –Tends to Attract  Working people (blue collar)  Liberals  Catholics  Minorities  Union Members  People in favor of govt. involvement in social policies

14 U.S. Political Parties: Characteristics Republican Party –Tends to attract  Businesspeople (white collar)  Protestants  Conservatives  Non-minorities  Non-union supporters  People against govt.involvement in social policies

15 Democrats: The Issues Abortion: –Pro Choice –Favors contraceptive education to prevent necessity of abortion

16 Democrats: The Issues Environment: – Support stronger environmental laws and protection of nature –Push for cleaner air and water –Support funding for preservation (Everglades in FL; Redwoods in CA, etc…)

17 Democrats: The Issues Gay Rights: –Should be protected from workplace discrimination and hate crimes –Should be given equal work benefits like more traditional families –Largely oppose President Bush’s proposal to ban gay marriage through a Constitutional Amendment

18 Democrats: The Issues Gun Control: –Strong advocates for gun control –Supported both the Brady Bill and the Assault Weapons Ban

19 Democrats: The Issues Health Care: –Push for more Heath Care funding (Medicare, Children’s Health Insurance Program) –In favor of program to ensure all Americans have quality, affordable health care. (100% government funded)

20 Democrats: The Issues Foreign Policy: –Generally much more supportive of international agencies than are Republicans – support NATO and the UN –More skeptical of the Bush Administration’s rush to war than were the Republicans –Very skeptical of the handling of the reconstruction of Iraq

21 Democrats: The Issues Education: –More funding for struggling schools is necessary –Highly critical of No Child Left Behind, which has been under funded –Tax money should not be used on religious schools

22 Democrats: The Issues Social Security: –Fundamental right of Americans –Best way to protect is to maintain federal government control – Largely oppose privatizing

23 Democrats: The Issues Welfare: –Support increased child care for welfare recipients so they are more able to work steady jobs –Support funding for job training so recipients will be more competitive in the job market

24 Democrats: The Issues Women’s Rights: –For over 20 years, have been pushing to ratify the Treaty of the Rights of Women that arose from the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (would be a statement on America’s part saying that we support equal rights for all women)

25 Democrats: The Issues Worker’s Rights: – Favor labor unions and workers rights Includes right to organize free from harassment and the right to challenge employers for disability and discrimination cases. –Support worker movements to increase the minimum wage and worker benefits

26 Republicans: The Issues Abortion: Pro-life; Anti-Choice –Prefers funding go towards marriage education and abstinence only campaigns –Have tried several times to pass statutes that would allow prosecution of acts that harm fetuses

27 Republicans: The Issues Environment: –Favor the exploration of all resources in the U.S. for energy production and have generally opposed looking for more environment-friendly power alternatives –Pushed for oil drilling in ANWR, the building of more nuclear power plants, a shift towards the use of coal, and have submitted proposals that would weaken the Clean Air Act

28 Republicans: The Issues Gay Rights: –Against giving gays equal rights in the eyes of the law –“We do not believe sexual preference should be given special legal protection or standing in law” –Oppose idea of gay marriage; seek to define marriage as union between man and woman –Supports amendment to the Constitution defining marriage

29 Republicans: The Issues Gun Control: –Favors allowing the sale of firearms to proceed more easily, and with fewer safety precautions –Opposes any new gun-control laws –Fought the regulation and banning of assault weapons

30 Republicans: The Issues Health Care: –Believes health care should work within the free market system where competition will lower the costs of healthcare (no federal govt. involvement)

31 Republicans: The Issues Foreign Policy: –Have brushed aside international organizations in favor of unilateral policy of preemption –Bush Doctrine supports preemptive invasion when necessary to protect the security of the U.S. –Argue that the use of American military force is essential for keeping the world safe for Democracy

32 Republicans: The Issues Education: –Support both the “No Child Left Behind” program and the school vouchers –Favor school vouchers because they think that by giving students more educational options, including religious schooling, a competitive market will be created Argue public schools will be forced to improve in order to retain students

33 Republicans: The Issues Social Security: Favor privatization of social security –Citizens will be able to opt to place portions of money that would have gone into Social Security into other types of accounts. Accounts will give the opportunity to play the stock market in an attempt to increase returns. (takes away Federal responsibility)

34 Republicans: The Issues Welfare: –Favors increasing the mandatory work week for those receiving government assistance –Support cuts in child care and training funding while pushing $200 million for marriage education –Pushing for more funding for religious organizations and charities, which then will be responsible to caring for our nation’s poor

35 Republicans: The Issues Workers’ Rights: –Favor the rights of businesses to maximize profits –Favors workers and management working together to do what is in the best of all involved; no outside influences (against Labor Unions) –Believes Labor Unions restrict production of businesses; sees it as a regulation of business

36 How To Tell Em Apart Republicans usually wear hats. Ronald Reagan

37 How To Tell Em Apart Democrats usually don’t. Jimmy Carter

38 How To Tell Em Apart Democrats buy banned books. Bill Clinton

39 How To Tell Em Apart Republicans form censorship committees, and then read them. Barbara Bush

40 How To Tell Em Apart Democrats eat the fish they catch. FDR Fishing in Warms Springs, GA

41 How To Tell Em Apart Republicans hang them on their wall.

42 How To Tell Em Apart Republicans study the financial pages of the newspaper.

43 How To Tell Em Apart Democrats put them on the bottom of their bird cage.

44 How To Tell Em Apart On Saturday, Republicans head for the golf course, the yacht club, or the hunting lodge. President Dwight D. Eisenhower hunting President George W. Bush yachting and golfing.

45 How To Tell Em Apart Democrats get a haircut, wash the car, or go bowling. A younger Bill Clinton bowling

46 How To Tell Em Apart Republicans have guest rooms.

47 How To Tell Em Apart Democrats have spare rooms filled with old baby furniture.

48 How To Tell Em Apart Republicans hire exterminators

49 How To Tell Em Apart Democrats step on the bugs

50 How To Tell Em Apart Republicans sleep in twin beds – some even in separate rooms.

51 How To Tell Em Apart That is why there are more Democrats. The Kennedy Family

52 What Do Political Party Members Do?? Major function of each party is to get its candidate elected to office –Steps include 1.Party members nominate, or name the candidates they want to run for office 2004 Republican National Convention

53 What Do Political Party Members Do?? 2. Party starts an election campaign –An effort to gather support for its candidates and inform voters of the party’s stand on issues –Requires many party workers and volunteers to perform dozens of job that include : Raising funds Polling voters/making phone calls Drive voters to the polls Register voters John Kerry Campaigning

54 What Do Political Party Members Do? Presidential Election Campaigns

55 What Do Political Party Members Do? 3. Once a party’s candidate is elected, the party helps the candidate organize and manage the govt. –Example: When a President is elected, 100’s of job vacancies in govt. must be filled. Jobs usually filled by party members who have contributed time, energy and money to the campaign. –Patronage: giving jobs or special favors to party workers

56 Political Party Organization Political Parties are organized at every level: –Local Party Committee : Goal is to get candidates from party elected to local political office, like mayor, city councilman, school superintendent, etc… Mayor of Atlanta: Shirley Franklin Alvin Wilbanks: Superintendent of GCPS

57 Political Party Organization Political parties are organized at every level: –State Party Committee: Goal is to get candidates from party elected to state political office, like governor, attorney general, state legislator, etc… Georgia Governor: Sonny Perdue

58 Political Party Organization Political parties are organized at every level: –National Party Committee: Goal is to get candidates from party elected to national political office, like President, Senator, House Representative President of the U.S.: George W. Bush Georgia Senator: Saxby Chambliss Georgia Representative: John Linder

59 Third Parties What are Third Parties? –Parties representing minority opinions that challenge the Democrats and Republicans –Some successful Third Parties: Populist Party – 1890’s Progressive Party – split off from Rep. Part in 1912 Libertarian Party – third most popular party in U.S. today

60 Third Parties 3 Kinds of Third Parties –1. Parties Tied to a Single Issue:  Examples:  Prohibition Party: formed in 1872 to support banning of alcohol in the U.S.  U.S. Marijuana Party: formed to support the legalization of marijuana in the U.S.  Green Party: formed to protect the environment

61 Third Parties 3 Kinds of Third Parties –2. Parties Tied to a Political Belief  Examples:  Libertarian Party  The Third Party  Socialist Parties

62 Third Parties 3 Kinds of Third Parties –3. Parties Tied to a Single Candidate  Examples:  Reform Party – formed around Presidential candidate Ross Perot in 1996  American Independent Party – formed around Presidential candidate George Wallace in 1968

63 Third Parties America First Party American Heritage Party American Independent Party American Nazi Party Communist Party USA Constitution Party Family Values Party Grassroots Party Green Party Independence Party Labor Party Libertarian Party Light Party Natural Law Party The Third Party Worker’s World Party Peace and Freedom Party Prohibition Party Reform party The Revolution Socialist Party, USA Southern Independence Party U.S. Pacifist Party Veterans Party of America We the People Party Knights Party Libertarian National Socialist Green Party Pansexual Peace Party Pot Party Constitutional Action Party American Falangist Party U.S. Marijuana Party


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