INTRAOPERATIVE Allow Easy Entry Of The Phaco Needle Allow Ease Of Mobility Of The Phaco Needle Minimize Incision Leak Prevent Incision Burn.
POSTOPERATIVE Self Sealed Astigmatically Neutral Both In Short Term And Longterm
vital statistics of a phaco incision 1. Site (limbal or …) 2. Placement (time of incision!) 3. Style(mood of the incision!) 4. The length of the external incision 5. Length of the sclerocorneal tunnel 6. Depth of tunnel dissection 7. Size of initial opening for phacoemulsification 8. Size of incision for IOL insertion 9. Paracentesis opening
INSTRUMENTS REQUIRED FOR THE PHACO INCISIONS(sclera tunnel) A 15° freehand/preset depth (300 micron A 2.0 mm broad crescent blade A suitable breadth keratomewith a 90 degrees angle at the tip (bevel up) A 0.6 to 1.0 mm broad blade for the paracentesis A blunt tipped extender blade (bevel down) A caliper
TECHNIQUE OF MAKING A PHACO (Scleral Tunnel) INCISION Peritomy and cautery Grooving Tunnel dissection Stab incisions and AC viscoinjection AC entry
clear corneal incision (advantages) Well suited for topical anesthesia lesser risk of bleeding better accessibility better red reflex eliminates the conjunctival incision minimal or no effect on astigmatism
disadvantages of clear corneal incision technical difficulty lack of forehead support need to enlarge for use of nonfoldable IOLs difficulty in converting to a ECCE potential for greater endothelial cell loss.possible corneal thermal burns.higher incidence of endophthalmitis in some studies
Proposed incision for begginers (changing ECCE to phaco) limbal groove Straight or Parallel to limbus Biplanar Slightly wider than phaco tip
PARACENTESIS OPENING required for bimanual techniques Usually on the left side (30-90 degree) 0.6 to 1.0 mm in breadth simple stab or shelved
Clear Cornea Incision With initial partial thickness vertical incision Without an initial incision
A paracentesis incision is created with the diamond blade fully extended
An oblique entry is created as the blade not only driven through the corneal stroma to Descemet 's level. but also slices to the surgeon 's left. Notice the compression of tissue being created because ofthe relatively dull blade
Descemet's level is entered 1.75 mm from the epithelial level as the blade is swept to the left.