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From Head to toes to hands

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Presentation on theme: "From Head to toes to hands"— Presentation transcript:

1 From Head to toes to hands
Anatomy of Bones From Head to toes to hands

2 Vocabulary Medial Apophysis Lateral Diaphysis Anterior Epiphysis
Posterior Superior Inferior Proximal Distal Dorsal/dorsum Palmar Plantar Condyle/epicondyle Fossa Process Tuberosity Styloid Apophysis Diaphysis Epiphysis Medullary cavity Osteoblasts Osteoclasts Periosteum Endoosteum Articular Cartilage/Hyaline Osteocytes Cancellous Bone Wolff’s Law

3 Function of Bone 1. Body support 2. Organ protection
3. Movement (through joints and levers) 4. Calcium storage 5. Formation of blood cells (hematopoesis)

4 Types of Bone Flat- skull, ribs, scapula
Irregular- vertebral column, skull Short – wrist and ankle Long- humerus, ulna, radius, femur, tibia, fibula, phalanges, metqacarpal/metatarsal

5 How the bone works You can see:
Diaphysis, epiphysis, articular cartilage, periosteum, medullary cavity, & endosteum The end of bones have a layer of hyaline cartilage that provide a very smooth surface that protects and cushions blows to the joint. Periosteum: Covers long bones Sharpey’s fibers connect the periosteum to underlying bone Muscle/tendon fibers interlace the periosteum

6 Bone Growth Bone ossification occurs by the synthesis of osteoblasts
Osteoblasts builds new bone on the outside of the bone Same time osteoclsts increase the medullary cavity by breaking down bony tissue. Osteogenesis occurs when there is a balance of bone formation and bone destruction

7 Bone Trauma Periostitis Bone fractures Depressed fx
Greenstick fracture Impacted fracture Longitudinal fracture Spiral fracture Oblique fracture Serrated fracture Transverse Fx Communited Fx Contrecoup Fx Blowout Fx Avulsion Fx Stress Fx. Epiphyseal Fx: Salter-Harris Type I-V

8 Anatomy Of The Elbow/Wrist/Hand
1. Navicular (scaphoid) 2. Lunate 3. Triquetral 4. Pisiform 5. Hamate 6. Capitate 7. Trapezoid 8. Trapezium 9. Ulnar styloid 10. Radial Styloid 11. Distal/middle /proximal phalanx 12 DIP, PIP, MCP joints

9 Anatomy Of The Elbow 1. Humeral Shaft. 2. Radial Shaft.
3. Ulnar Shaft. 4. Olecranon Process. 5. Head of the Radius. 6. Coronoid Process of the Ulna. 7. Medial Supracondylar ridge.

10 Bones of the elbow 1 Capitulum- 2 Trochlea 3 Lateral epicondyle
4 Medial epicondyle

11 Radial Shaft. Ulnar Shaft. Humeral Shaft. Medial Epicondyle. Lateral Epicondyle. Radial Tuberosity. Olecranon Process of the Ulna.

12 Proximal Humerus and shoulder region
Scapula Acromion process Coracoid process Glenoid fossa Supra/infraspinatus fossa Subscapularis fossa Superior/inferior border and angle Medial/lateral border Spine of the scapula Humerus Greater tubercle Lesser tubercle Bicipital groove Head of humerus

13 Superior angle Head of humerus Greater tubercle Supraspinatus fossa Infraspinatus fossa Glenoid fossa Inferior angle Deltoid tuberosity

14 Shoulder Coracoid process Lesser tubercle Subscapularis fossa
Bicipital groove

15 Clavicle and Sternum Manubrium Body of the sternum Xiphoid Process

16 Vertebrae Body Vertebral foramen Transverse process facets
Spinous process

17 Vertrebral Column 7-cervical 12-thoracic 5-lumbar Sacrum Coccyx
Sacral iliac joint

18 Hip/pelvis Iliac crest ilium ASIS AIIS ischium Head of femur
Greater trochanter ILIAC TUBEROSITY

19 Hip/pelvis Iliac Crest Iliac Fossa ASIS Greater trochanter
Body of Pubis Body of Ischium Lesser trochanter

20 Knee Lateral femoral condyle Medial femoral condyle Gerdy’s tubercle
Fibular styloid Medial tibial condyle Lateral tibial condyle Head of fibula Tibial tuberosity

21 Posterior knee Popliteal surface Intercondylar fossa Styloid of fibula
Posterior iintercondylar fossa

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