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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-1 Point de départ The verbs devoir to have to [must]; to owe vouloir to want pouvoir to be able to [can] are.

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Presentation on theme: "© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-1 Point de départ The verbs devoir to have to [must]; to owe vouloir to want pouvoir to be able to [can] are."— Presentation transcript:

1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-1 Point de départ The verbs devoir to have to [must]; to owe vouloir to want pouvoir to be able to [can] are all irregular. They all use avoir for the passé composé.

2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-2

3 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-3 Devoir followed by an infinitive verb to mean to have to or must. Devoir followed a thing by means to owe.

4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-4 Sometimes in the passé composé Devoir+infinitive has a special meaning – it hypothesizes about a past event. devoir PC- event in the past: devoir PC- hypothesis:

5 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-5 In the imparfait, devoir expresses “supposed to.”

6 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-6 Here are a few more nuances of meaning for these verbs. Sandrine was supposed to be here. She must have spoken with her prof. I managed to find you at the supermarket.

7 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-7 Pouvoir can be used in the passé composé with an infinitive to express managed to do something.

8 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-8 Vouloir is often used in the passé composé with an infinitive in negative sentences to express refused to. Imparfait is used to express “didn’t want to”: Il ne voulait pas parler. Elles ne voulaient pas débarrasser la table.

9 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-9 When vouloir is used with dire, it is translated as to mean. You know this already. To find out what a French word means, you ask “Que veut dire ____________ ?

10 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-10 Bien vouloir can be used to express willingness. In this case, bien doesn’t mean “well” – it means very much. It’s much more authentic French than beaucoup

11 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-11 Essayez! Copy the sentences into your notebook, adding the correct form of the verbs in the present tense Make sure you know the meaning of every sentence. devoir 1. Tu _____ revenir à midi? 2. Elles _____ manger tout de suite. 3. Nous _____ encore vingt euros. 4. Je ne _____ pas assister au pique-nique. 5. Elle _____ nous téléphoner. vouloir 6. _____-vous manger sur la terrasse? 7. Tu _____ quelque chose à boire? 8.Il _____ faire la cuisine. 9.Nous ne _____ pas prendre de dessert. 10.Ils _____ préparer un grand repas. pouvoir 11. Je _____ passer l’aspirateur ce soir. 12. Il _____ acheter de l’ail au marché. 13. Elles _____ emménager demain. 14. Vous _____ maigrir de quelques kilos. 15. Nous _____ mettre la table. dois


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