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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-1 Point de départ The verbs devoir to have to [must]; to owe vouloir to want pouvoir to be able to [can] are all irregular. They all use avoir for the passé composé.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-2
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-3 Devoir followed by an infinitive verb to mean to have to or must. Devoir followed a thing by means to owe.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-4 Sometimes in the passé composé Devoir+infinitive has a special meaning – it hypothesizes about a past event. devoir PC- event in the past: devoir PC- hypothesis:
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-5 In the imparfait, devoir expresses “supposed to.”
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-6 Here are a few more nuances of meaning for these verbs. Sandrine was supposed to be here. She must have spoken with her prof. I managed to find you at the supermarket.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-7 Pouvoir can be used in the passé composé with an infinitive to express managed to do something.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-8 Vouloir is often used in the passé composé with an infinitive in negative sentences to express refused to. Imparfait is used to express “didn’t want to”: Il ne voulait pas parler. Elles ne voulaient pas débarrasser la table.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-9 When vouloir is used with dire, it is translated as to mean. You know this already. To find out what a French word means, you ask “Que veut dire ____________ ?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-10 Bien vouloir can be used to express willingness. In this case, bien doesn’t mean “well” – it means very much. It’s much more authentic French than beaucoup
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-11 Essayez! Copy the sentences into your notebook, adding the correct form of the verbs in the present tense Make sure you know the meaning of every sentence. devoir 1. Tu _____ revenir à midi? 2. Elles _____ manger tout de suite. 3. Nous _____ encore vingt euros. 4. Je ne _____ pas assister au pique-nique. 5. Elle _____ nous téléphoner. vouloir 6. _____-vous manger sur la terrasse? 7. Tu _____ quelque chose à boire? 8.Il _____ faire la cuisine. 9.Nous ne _____ pas prendre de dessert. 10.Ils _____ préparer un grand repas. pouvoir 11. Je _____ passer l’aspirateur ce soir. 12. Il _____ acheter de l’ail au marché. 13. Elles _____ emménager demain. 14. Vous _____ maigrir de quelques kilos. 15. Nous _____ mettre la table. dois
© and ® 2007 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Point de départ Although the passé composé and the imparfait are both past tenses, they have very distinct.
© and ® 2007 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Point de départ In order to talk about events in the past, French uses two principal tenses: the passé composé
© and ® 2007 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Point de départ Use the subjunctive with verbs and expressions of will and emotion. Verbs and expressions.
The Present Tense 4: Modal Verbs Objectif: Be able to use modal verbs in the present tense.
Le français I Chapitre 9 Grammaire 2. Present tense Review the ending of regular –er, -ir and –re verbs parler choisir vendre je tu il/elle/on nous vous.
Pronouns A pronoun is word which replaces a ………… noun Examples of pronouns in French are je, tu, ils, elles etc; these are words which replace, for example,
3.1 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passé composé with avoir Il a toujours préféré faire des cadeaux plutôt quen recevoir.
Le passé composé The Perfect Tense Talking about events in the past.
Limparfait The imperfect tense Talking about events in the past - 2.
Le Futur simple Saying when things will happen. Le Futur proche You already know how to use « le futur proche » (the near future) by using the present.
HOW TO CONJUGATE REGULAR VERBS IN THE PRESENT TENSE !!! A regular verb is one which follows a regular pattern. There are three types of regular verb in.
Les pronoms. Introduction We use pronouns to replace nouns in sentences so that our speech is less repetitive. Example: The dog is called Marta. John.
The irregular verb faire The infinitive form (faire) means to do/to make Use this verb to say things like: I make a pizza.Je fais une pizza. You do your.
Using the past tense Step One: er verbs. You need a marker board. Write down all of the subjects (Je, Tu, etc.)
Unité 3 - Blanc La grammaire dUnité 3. Vouloir – to want je veux nous voulons tu veuxvous voulez il veut elles veulent o The polite form of je veux is.
Le Futur OBJECTIVES Saying what you are going to do Using the immediate future and the simple future.
Imparfait. What is imparfait? Imparfait is a past tense form that is used to describe what things were like. The stem you use to form the imperfect is.
8.1 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Infinitives Je ne veux rien voir passer!
LE PASSÉ COMPOSÉ THE PERFECT TENSE Talking about actions, completed in the past.
IRREGULAR FUTURE Maggie Korn Rebecca Dunn. Recall… The future tense is used to express what a person will do. The future is formed by taking the infinitive.
Chapitre 6 More food and shopping. Les verbes Faire to make, to do Vouloirto want Pouvoirto be able to (can)
Le Conditionnel Saying what would be. Le Conditionnel Just as the futur simple is a tense that describes what will happen; The Conditionnel describes.
Vocabulaire 6.1 Français I. Qu’est-ce que tu vas faire ___? What are you going to do ___? Add when you’re going to do a certain activity in the blank.
Le verbe AVOIR au présent To Have About Avoir It is an irregular verb like être. The conjugations do not follow the same pattern as other verbs. Avoir.
To conjugate most verbs in the past tense, you use the verb avoir conjugated in the present tense plus a past participle. Example: Present tense I am.
3.3 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passé composé vs. the imparfait Although the passé composé and the imparfait both express past actions.
Français 2 Chapitre 9 Grammaire 1 Relative pronouns; present participles.
The Conditional Tense Being able to use the conditional tense is very impressive.
Relative pronouns are words that connect two clauses of a sentence to create a more complex sentence rather than having two simpler sentences with repetitive.
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