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OFFSHORE ISLANDS IN AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND: QUESTIONS OF TOURISM AND CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT OFFSHORE ISLANDS IN AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND: QUESTIONS.

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Presentation on theme: "OFFSHORE ISLANDS IN AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND: QUESTIONS OF TOURISM AND CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT OFFSHORE ISLANDS IN AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND: QUESTIONS."— Presentation transcript:

1 OFFSHORE ISLANDS IN AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND: QUESTIONS OF TOURISM AND CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT OFFSHORE ISLANDS IN AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND: QUESTIONS OF TOURISM AND CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT Rebecca Jackson, PhD Candidate, University of Tasmania Australia Primary Supervisor: Dr Elaine Stratford Research Supervisor: Dr Arthur Dahl Consultant Supervisor: Professor Jamie Kirkpatrick

2 Rationale for current study Focus in the literature on nation states and island regions Islands offshore from major cities need attention Island insularity and vulnerability Differentiation from mainland Innovation Social cohesion

3 Island Governance Australian offshore islands generally part of mainland jurisdiction Limitations when managed by different agencies Are offshore islands distinct enough from their mainlands to warrant special management attention?

4 Current Study Australian coastline approx. 60,000km – 40% island coasts New Zealand coastline approx.15,000km; over 500 offshore islands Increasing urbanisation and tourism  pressures for real estate and tourism development  impacts on environment and heritage of metropolitan islands

5 Current study Review of island literature Case studies NZ islands – focus on conservation vs Australian islands – tourism and recreation But increasingly multi-purpose  Land-use conflict and management issues

6 Australian Study Sites

7 Granite Island Phillip Island Scotland Island St Helena Island Rottnest Island Bruny Island

8 New Zealand Study Sites Source: CIA World Factbook 2003

9 Waiheke Is l and Kapiti Island Matiu/Somes Island Quail Island

10 Case Studies – Inhabited Islands IslandCityGovernance BrunyHobartLocal Council and State Government PhillipMelbourneLocal Council and State Government ScotlandSydneyLocal Council RottnestPerthStatutory government authority WaihekeAucklandCity Council KapitiWellingtonDepartment of Conservation/ Maori ownership

11 Case Studies – Uninhabited Islands IslandCityGovernance St HelenaBrisbaneQld Parks and Wildlife Service GraniteAdelaideSA Parks and Wildlife Service Matiu/SomesWellingtonDepartment of Conservation QuailChristchurchDepartment of Conservation

12 Roles of Offshore Islands Value & perception of offshore islands Indigenous use Island mystique Prisons Quarantine stations Continued exploitation

13 Island Tourism Isolation a positive feature for tourists Offshore islands close to major cities Domestic holidaymakers Appeal of offshore islands Outdoor museums? Conflict between tourism and the environment

14 Lessons to the world … Natural laboratories Act as ‘canaries’ Vulnerable ecosystems  impacts of humans and introduced species more readily apparent than on mainlands

15 Conservation Reserves Refuges NZ Department of Conservation Why conservation, not tourism? Conflicts over access, land use, pest eradication

16 Island Management Managing tourism and conservation Middle path between tourism promotion and environmental conservation? Limiting visitor numbers Public consultation Applying continental solutions to island- specific problems

17 Island Management National level policies Integrated management Comparative studies Mainland ‘islands’

18 Next steps Interview key stakeholders Focus on key issue for each island Can management experiences be shared between islands to facilitate sustainability? Island network?

19 Questions?


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