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Hazard Communication Program (HAZCOM) OSHA 1910.1200 Presented By: Fred Holmes e Tech Environmental & Safety Solutions, Inc.

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Presentation on theme: "Hazard Communication Program (HAZCOM) OSHA 1910.1200 Presented By: Fred Holmes e Tech Environmental & Safety Solutions, Inc."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hazard Communication Program (HAZCOM) OSHA Presented By: Fred Holmes e Tech Environmental & Safety Solutions, Inc.

2 Training Objectives  At the end of this class, students are expected to: Have a better understanding of HAZCOM. Understand labels and warnings systems. Understand the use of MSDS’s. Have a basic understanding of protective measures.  At the end of this class, students are expected to: Have a better understanding of HAZCOM. Understand labels and warnings systems. Understand the use of MSDS’s. Have a basic understanding of protective measures.

3 HAZCOM Standard  Also known as “Right-To-Know”.  Was created as a method to convey chemical hazards to: Employees Visitors Contractors Emergency Responders  Also known as “Right-To-Know”.  Was created as a method to convey chemical hazards to: Employees Visitors Contractors Emergency Responders

4 HAZCOM Standard – cont.  Chemical manufacturers must: Determine the hazards of chemicals they produce Label all containers Make and provide material safety data sheets (MSDS’s)  Chemical manufacturers must: Determine the hazards of chemicals they produce Label all containers Make and provide material safety data sheets (MSDS’s)

5 HAZCOM Standard – cont.  Employers must: Create and maintain a written program on chemical hazards List hazardous chemicals that they use Maintain chemical records 30+ years Provide MSDS’s to all affected personnel Train employees about the standard, chemicals in their workplace, how to recognize, understand and use labels and MSDS’s and associated safe procedures  Employers must: Create and maintain a written program on chemical hazards List hazardous chemicals that they use Maintain chemical records 30+ years Provide MSDS’s to all affected personnel Train employees about the standard, chemicals in their workplace, how to recognize, understand and use labels and MSDS’s and associated safe procedures

6 HAZCOM Standard – cont.  Employees must: Read labels and MSDS’s Follow all applicable instructions and warnings Identify hazards before starting a job and take appropriate precautions Participate in training  Employees must: Read labels and MSDS’s Follow all applicable instructions and warnings Identify hazards before starting a job and take appropriate precautions Participate in training

7 Chemical Hazards  Hazards are broken down into two categories: Physical Hazards: oFlammable oExplosive oReactive Health Hazards oCorrosive oToxic  Hazards are broken down into two categories: Physical Hazards: oFlammable oExplosive oReactive Health Hazards oCorrosive oToxic

8 Physical Hazards  Flammable chemicals are those chemicals that can readily burn when exposed to extreme heat or flame  Examples include: Crude Oil Condensate Paint Thinners Parts Cleaners WD 40  Flammable chemicals are those chemicals that can readily burn when exposed to extreme heat or flame  Examples include: Crude Oil Condensate Paint Thinners Parts Cleaners WD 40

9 Physical Hazards – cont.  Explosive hazards are those chemicals that may explode when exposed to shock, heat or excessive pressure.  Examples include: Compressed Gas Cylinders Aerosol Cans  Explosive hazards are those chemicals that may explode when exposed to shock, heat or excessive pressure.  Examples include: Compressed Gas Cylinders Aerosol Cans

10 Physical Hazards – cont.  Reactive chemicals are those that react to another substance and may generate heat or give off toxic vapors.  Examples include: Mixing bleach and ammonia Mixing acids with caustics  Reactive chemicals are those that react to another substance and may generate heat or give off toxic vapors.  Examples include: Mixing bleach and ammonia Mixing acids with caustics

11 Health Hazards  Corrosive: Are those chemicals that may cause damage to the body.  Damage can range from minor irritation to destruction of tissue or organs.  Examples include: Sulfuric, Hydrochloric and Nitric acids Many Household Cleaners  Corrosive: Are those chemicals that may cause damage to the body.  Damage can range from minor irritation to destruction of tissue or organs.  Examples include: Sulfuric, Hydrochloric and Nitric acids Many Household Cleaners

12 Health Hazards – cont.  Toxic: Are those chemicals that may penetrate the skin, be ingested or inhaled resulting in illness or damage to tissue and organs.  Examples include: Pesticides Herbicides  Toxic: Are those chemicals that may penetrate the skin, be ingested or inhaled resulting in illness or damage to tissue and organs.  Examples include: Pesticides Herbicides

13 Health Hazards Routes of Entry  Contact (Skin and Eye)  Inhalation  Ingestion (Swallowing)  Penetration (Absorbing through the Skin or by Injection)  Contact (Skin and Eye)  Inhalation  Ingestion (Swallowing)  Penetration (Absorbing through the Skin or by Injection)

14 Health Hazard Exposures  Are divided into two main groupings based upon dose. Acute: Short-term effects that disappear when you are no longer exposed to the chemical. oRashes oBurns Chronic: Long-term effects that develop over prolonged exposure oLung Damage oLiver Damage  Are divided into two main groupings based upon dose. Acute: Short-term effects that disappear when you are no longer exposed to the chemical. oRashes oBurns Chronic: Long-term effects that develop over prolonged exposure oLung Damage oLiver Damage

15 Labels and Warnings  Are critical to your safety  Have similar information but may appear differently  Read the label before using any chemical  Are critical to your safety  Have similar information but may appear differently  Read the label before using any chemical

16 NFPA Labels  NFPA (National Fire Protection Association)  Developed a standardized label for conveying chemical hazards – NFPA 704  Uses colors to identify the hazard area  Uses numbers to rank the hazard  NFPA (National Fire Protection Association)  Developed a standardized label for conveying chemical hazards – NFPA 704  Uses colors to identify the hazard area  Uses numbers to rank the hazard

17 NFPA Labels – cont.  Scale: 0 (Minimal or No Hazard) to 4 (Extreme Hazard)  Number will be placed in the center of each color  Exception: White which is used for special information  Scale: 0 (Minimal or No Hazard) to 4 (Extreme Hazard)  Number will be placed in the center of each color  Exception: White which is used for special information HEALTH FIRE REACTIVITY

18 Multiple Information Labels  Use HMIS or NFPA Format  Give additional information such as the generic name, personal protective equipment and CAS numbers.  Use HMIS or NFPA Format  Give additional information such as the generic name, personal protective equipment and CAS numbers.

19 DOT Labels  Use symbols numbers and colors to convey hazards  Numbers are hazard class numbers, not NFPA and correspond to the symbol for the type or hazard  Use symbols numbers and colors to convey hazards  Numbers are hazard class numbers, not NFPA and correspond to the symbol for the type or hazard

20 DOT Labels – cont. ColorHazardSymbol RedFlammable liquid or gasFlame YellowOxygen or OxidizerFlame circled at base OrangeExplosiveExplosion GreenCompressed GasGas cylinder BlueDangerous When WetW with a slash Black & WhiteCorrosiveDrops eating a hole in a persons hand ColorHazardSymbol RedFlammable liquid or gasFlame YellowOxygen or OxidizerFlame circled at base OrangeExplosiveExplosion GreenCompressed GasGas cylinder BlueDangerous When WetW with a slash Black & WhiteCorrosiveDrops eating a hole in a persons hand

21 Hazardous Waste  Make sure that the container is the correct one that you are dumping waste into  Never mix wastes that are not compatible  Make sure that all information is filled out before affixing the label  Make sure that the container is the correct one that you are dumping waste into  Never mix wastes that are not compatible  Make sure that all information is filled out before affixing the label

22 Labels and Warnings  Must be adhered to  Any damaged or illegible hazard label must be immediately replaced  If you are not sure of the hazards associated with the chemicals you are using, ask your immediate supervisor before using them  Must be adhered to  Any damaged or illegible hazard label must be immediately replaced  If you are not sure of the hazards associated with the chemicals you are using, ask your immediate supervisor before using them

23 MSDS  Are created by the chemical manufacturer  Must accompany the initial shipment  Must be sent anytime the hazards or formulation change  Must be maintained in a chemical inventory for 30+ years  Are created by the chemical manufacturer  Must accompany the initial shipment  Must be sent anytime the hazards or formulation change  Must be maintained in a chemical inventory for 30+ years

24 MSDS Information  At a Minimum, a MSDS must contain: Product Identification Composition/Information on Ingredients Hazard Identification First Aid Measures Fire Fighting Measures Accidental Release Measures Handling & Storage Exposure Controls/PPE Physical & Chemical Properties Stability & Reactivity Toxicological Information Ecological Information Disposal Considerations Transport Information Regulatory Information Other Information NOTE: MSDS is considered the best source for first aid information

25 MSDS Storage  MSDS for chemicals used by each facility are to be maintained at a place where they can be readily accessed by individuals using the chemicals.

26 MSDS Protocols  All chemicals brought into a facility should be evaluated by the area safety representative and supervisor.  The hazards of the chemicals should be conveyed to the individuals using or exposed to the chemicals prior to use.  This includes: Samples Store Purchases  All chemicals brought into a facility should be evaluated by the area safety representative and supervisor.  The hazards of the chemicals should be conveyed to the individuals using or exposed to the chemicals prior to use.  This includes: Samples Store Purchases

27 Storage  When not in use, all hazardous chemicals should be stored in designated chemical lockers.  Chemicals must be stored by compatibility in a neat and orderly fashion.  An inventory, listing the identity of the chemicals must be maintained on the locker.  When not in use, all hazardous chemicals should be stored in designated chemical lockers.  Chemicals must be stored by compatibility in a neat and orderly fashion.  An inventory, listing the identity of the chemicals must be maintained on the locker.

28 Spills and Leaks  Any leaks observed are to be immediately reported and stopped.  All spills are to be immediately cleaned up and the resulting waste properly disposed.  Only trained personnel should attempt to cleanup spills.  Any leaks observed are to be immediately reported and stopped.  All spills are to be immediately cleaned up and the resulting waste properly disposed.  Only trained personnel should attempt to cleanup spills.

29 Spills and Leaks – cont.  If you have any doubt about how to correctly clean up the spill, or do not know what it is, contact your immediate supervisor right away. Never Attempt to clean up a spill before identifying the product and it’s associated hazards  If you have any doubt about how to correctly clean up the spill, or do not know what it is, contact your immediate supervisor right away. Never Attempt to clean up a spill before identifying the product and it’s associated hazards

30 Personal Protective Equipment  Always wear the appropriate type of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) when handling any chemical.  If you are not sure of the correct PPE to use, contact you supervisor and review the MSDS before handling the chemical.  Always wear the appropriate type of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) when handling any chemical.  If you are not sure of the correct PPE to use, contact you supervisor and review the MSDS before handling the chemical.

31 Contractors  Contractors are required to provide an MSDS for any chemical they bring into the facility.  Chemicals used by contractors should be evaluated and the hazards conveyed to exposed individuals prior to use.  Contractors are required to provide an MSDS for any chemical they bring into the facility.  Chemicals used by contractors should be evaluated and the hazards conveyed to exposed individuals prior to use.

32 Summary  Identify chemical hazards by reading the labels and MSDS’s.  Follow all warnings and instructions for use and handling.  Use the correct PPE.  Practice safe, sensible work habits.  Know correct emergency procedures.  Identify chemical hazards by reading the labels and MSDS’s.  Follow all warnings and instructions for use and handling.  Use the correct PPE.  Practice safe, sensible work habits.  Know correct emergency procedures.

33 Summary If you do not know what it is or how its supposed to be used……. ASK!!! If you do not know what it is or how its supposed to be used……. ASK!!!


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