Presentation on theme: "PhD PROPOSAL WRITING A paper presented at the International Conference on Transition Observation-Knowledge- Intelligence (TOKI 2014) By PROFESSOR SOLA."— Presentation transcript:
PhD PROPOSAL WRITING A paper presented at the International Conference on Transition Observation-Knowledge- Intelligence (TOKI 2014) By PROFESSOR SOLA ADEROUNMU Deputy President, Nigeria Computer Society (NCS); and Director, Information Technology and Communications Unit Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Mobile: +2348035177940
PRESENTATION AGENDA Choosing A Supervisor/University Other Things To Note Possible Pitfalls Choosing a PhD topic Introduction Structuring a Research Proposal
Introduction What is a PhD proposal? An outline of your proposed project that is designed to: Define a clear question and method to answering it Highlight its originality and/or significance Explain how it adds to, existing literature in the field Persuade potential supervisors and/or funders of the importance of the work, and why you are the right person to undertake it
Introduction Contd. What is the research proposal for? To assess : i. the quality and originality of your ideas, ii. your skills in critical thinking iii. the feasibility of the research project. iv. your expertise in the area in which you want to conduct research, v. your knowledge of the existing literature vi. and assign appropriate supervision teams.
Structuring a Research Proposal Is there any TEMPLATE available? The following elements are crucial in a good Ph.D research proposal: Title (This can change, but make sure to include important ‘key words’ ) Overview of the research (establish a solid and convincing framework for your research Statement of the Problem Rationale/Motivation for the Research Aims/Objectives Related work Research design & methodology References
Possible pitfalls Students who fit the minimum entrance criteria fail to be accepted as PhD candidates as a result of weaknesses in the research proposal. To avoid this, keep the following advice in mind: Research idea, question or problem is very clearly stated Make sure that you have staff interested in your subject area and available to supervise your project. Your proposal is well structured. The scope of your project is reasonable, Make your research and subject matter engaging to your readers!
Books to Assist in preparing your Research Proposal Bell, J. (1999): Doing Your Research Project: A Guide for First-time Researchers in Education & Social Science, (Oxford University Press, Oxford). Baxter, L, Hughes, C. and Tight, M. (2001): How to Research, (Open University Press, Milton Keynes). Cryer, P. (2000): The Research Student's Guide to Success, (Open University, Milton Keynes). Delamont, S., Atkinson, P. and Parry, O. (1997): Supervising the PhD, (Open University Press, Milton Keynes). Philips, E. and Pugh, D. (2005): How to get a PhD: A Handbook for Students and their Supervisors, (Open University Press, Milton Keynes).
Choosing a PhD Topic Identify your research field Read widely Identify the problem Define your topic A typical example: ◦ Topic 1: Development of a an Intelligent Agent Mobile Agent for Performance Management of Computer Network ◦ Topic 2: An Improved Packet Resequencing Model for Selective Repeat Request Protocol in Data Communication Networks.
Who defines the topic? Students – using the steps in slide 9 Supervisor? ◦ Based on available grants to solve some problems – see next slide
Research Topics; Students and Programme Research TopicName of Candidate Programme 1 Designing a Cyber Attack Information System for Situational Awareness in Nigeria Oil and Gas Industry Raji Tunji Mumini PhD Candidate 2 CyberThreat Modelling in SCADA NetworksDauda Olalere PhD Candidate 3 An Integrated Architecture for Automatic Indication, Avoidance and Profiling of Cyber Attacks; Jekoyemi Olawale Victor MSc Candidate 4 Detecting and Defending Against unauthorised Tracking in Telecom System Akinsiku Omoyemi Abimbola (Miss) MSc Candidate
Choosing A Supervisor/University Choosing A Supervisor ◦ Your research field ◦ Through interaction with different supervisors ◦ Through Chief examiner/PG coordinator Choosing A University ◦ Identify your research area ◦ Available supervisor ◦ Tuition ◦ Research grant availability ◦ Research facilities/ environment
Other Things to Note The LITERATURE REVIEW depends highly on the clarity of PhD topic specification. The PhD write up depends highly on the clarity of the PhD proposal writing. There might be need to receive some special training e.g. academic writing, presentation skills, etc The need to attend conference and to publish academic articles The Role of Postgraduate School
Plagiarism What is Plagiarism ? Plagiarism is using others’ ideas and words without clearly acknowledging the source of that information. It is very important that credit is given when it is due.
Avoiding Plagiarism To avoid plagiarism, credit must be given for: i. another person’s idea, opinion, or theory; ii. any facts, statistics, graphs, drawings; any pieces of information that are not common knowledge; iii. quotations of another person’s actual spoken or written words; or iv. paraphrase of another person’s spoken or written words.
Can OUR Researcher survive without being INNOVATIVE ? Are We Ready or Getting Ready?