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UniKL MICET FYP IMPLEMENTATION 2014 Prepared by: UniKL MICET FYP COMMITTEE.

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Presentation on theme: "UniKL MICET FYP IMPLEMENTATION 2014 Prepared by: UniKL MICET FYP COMMITTEE."— Presentation transcript:

1 UniKL MICET FYP IMPLEMENTATION 2014 Prepared by: UniKL MICET FYP COMMITTEE

2 Agenda Project Implementation Project Implementation Important Deadlines Important Deadlines Project Assessment Project Assessment Proposal Proposal Project Planning & Execution Project Planning & Execution Data Presentation & Discussion Data Presentation & Discussion Research Ethics Research Ethics Thesis Format Thesis Format

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4 Project Implementation Over 1 semester (Diploma), 2 semester (Degree) Over 1 semester (Diploma), 2 semester (Degree) Selection of FYP Title and Supervisor Selection of FYP Title and Supervisor Project Proposal Project Proposal Project Implementation (rest of semester) Project Implementation (rest of semester) To utilise semester break To utilise semester break

5 Implementation Issues: A lot of assignments, lab reports, mini- projects, site visits, quizzes and tests during semester; A lot of assignments, lab reports, mini- projects, site visits, quizzes and tests during semester; Project Title not clear; Project Title not clear; Project has >2 Objectives; Project has >2 Objectives; Supervisor not contactable; Supervisor not contactable; Delays due to: Delays due to: Broken Equipment, Broken Equipment, Strong Demand for Equipment, Strong Demand for Equipment, Missing Chemicals, Missing Chemicals, Limited Access to Research Journals, Limited Access to Research Journals, Limited / no access to Company Data (Confidentiality), Limited / no access to Company Data (Confidentiality), Lab not open after working hours; Lab not open after working hours; Be SMART get early START!

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7 Important Dates (FYP 1) Week 1-14: Progress & Logbook (30%) Week 1-14: Progress & Logbook (30%) Consultation with Supervisor at least once a week Consultation with Supervisor at least once a week { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/3557329/12/slides/slide_6.jpg", "name": "Important Dates (FYP 1) Week 1-14: Progress & Logbook (30%) Week 1-14: Progress & Logbook (30%) Consultation with Supervisor at least once a week Consultation with Supervisor at least once a week

8 Important Dates (FYP 2) Week 1-14: Progress & Logbook (20%) Week 1-14: Progress & Logbook (20%) Consultation with Supervisor at least once a week Consultation with Supervisor at least once a week Week 14: Submission Final Draft to Supervisor and 2 nd Examiner for Marking Week 14: Submission Final Draft to Supervisor and 2 nd Examiner for Marking Submission on Date of Presentation, some Supervisor may required earlier. Submission on Date of Presentation, some Supervisor may required earlier. Week 15: Project Presentation (30%) Week 15: Project Presentation (30%) Exact Date to be announced by departmental FYP Coordinator; Exact Date to be announced by departmental FYP Coordinator; { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/3557329/12/slides/slide_7.jpg", "name": "Important Dates (FYP 2) Week 1-14: Progress & Logbook (20%) Week 1-14: Progress & Logbook (20%) Consultation with Supervisor at least once a week Consultation with Supervisor at least once a week Week 14: Submission Final Draft to Supervisor and 2 nd Examiner for Marking Week 14: Submission Final Draft to Supervisor and 2 nd Examiner for Marking Submission on Date of Presentation, some Supervisor may required earlier.", "description": "Submission on Date of Presentation, some Supervisor may required earlier. Week 15: Project Presentation (30%) Week 15: Project Presentation (30%) Exact Date to be announced by departmental FYP Coordinator; Exact Date to be announced by departmental FYP Coordinator;

9 Important Dates (FYP Diploma) Week 1-14: Progress & Logbook (20%) Week 1-14: Progress & Logbook (20%) Consultation with Supervisor at least once a week Consultation with Supervisor at least once a week { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/3557329/12/slides/slide_8.jpg", "name": "Important Dates (FYP Diploma) Week 1-14: Progress & Logbook (20%) Week 1-14: Progress & Logbook (20%) Consultation with Supervisor at least once a week Consultation with Supervisor at least once a week

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11 Project Assessment (FYP 1) Progress Report: Log Book (30%) Progress Report: Log Book (30%) Project Proposal Report (35%) Project Proposal Report (35%) Proposal Presentation (35%) Proposal Presentation (35%)

12 Project Assessment (FYP 2) Progress Report: Log Book (20%) Progress Report: Log Book (20%) Project Presentation (30%) Project Presentation (30%) Project Thesis (50%) Project Thesis (50%)

13 Project Assessment (Diploma) Progress Report: Log Book (20%) Progress Report: Log Book (20%) Project Presentation (30%) Project Presentation (30%) Project Thesis (50%) Project Thesis (50%)

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15 Proposal First step in implementing a research project; First step in implementing a research project; Indicator of your understanding of the research project; Indicator of your understanding of the research project; Outlines the feasibility/viability of the research project. Outlines the feasibility/viability of the research project.

16 Proposal Components Title Title Problem Statement Problem Statement Background Study Background Study Objectives Objectives Methodology Methodology

17 Proposal Title Represents what you actually plan to do Represents what you actually plan to do Sometimes useful to use catchy phrases or direct statement to make your title more interesting Sometimes useful to use catchy phrases or direct statement to make your title more interesting Important when your proposal is being evaluated for some competition - funding, prize, scholarship Important when your proposal is being evaluated for some competition - funding, prize, scholarship Be creative but most important, be precise and accurate Be creative but most important, be precise and accurate

18 Example of Title Selection “Measure O 2, nitrite, nitrate, pH in Merbok area, use data and apply in mathematical model 5555 and use model to assess/predict ecosystem behaviour” “Measure O 2, nitrite, nitrate, pH in Merbok area, use data and apply in mathematical model 5555 and use model to assess/predict ecosystem behaviour”

19 Possible Titles Title 1: Water quality and mathematical model in environmental studies. Title 2: Fluctuation of O 2, nitrite, nitrate and pH in Merbok estuarine area and application of data in mathematical modelling for ecosystem prediction and assessment. Title 3: Monthly fluctuation of crucial water parameters in the Merbok estuarine area and its application in bio-modelling

20 Exercise Modify following Titles so that they fulfill aforementioned Criteria: Pollution Prevention Practices – A Case Study; Pollution Prevention Practices – A Case Study; Properties of Biocomposites; Properties of Biocomposites; Food Contamination Monitoring Food Contamination Monitoring Fermentation of Sugar for Downstream Applications Fermentation of Sugar for Downstream Applications Optimisation of Distillation Process Optimisation of Distillation Process

21 Exercise (Solution) All titles are too general, we need to narrow down the topic. How?: 1. Take each keyword and ask yourself what 1. Take each keyword and ask yourself what

22 Proposal: Problem Statement A hypothesis? A hunch? Can be general / broad in nature.

23 Examples of Hypotheses 1. Leaving yoghurt outside the fridge for 2 days will make it look green and turn sour. 2. Presence of H 2 S in the car exhaust will reduce the catalytic conversion efficiency of Carbon Monoxide to Carbon Dioxide. 3. Saccharomyces cerevisae fermentation activity is inhibited at a certain ethanol concentration.

24 Proposal Objectives These are statements qualifying what you wish to achieve in the project in relation to your problem statement. These are statements qualifying what you wish to achieve in the project in relation to your problem statement. Can use specific phrases such as ‘to measure’, `to compare’, ‘to assay’, ‘to isolate’, ‘to determine’ etc. Can use specific phrases such as ‘to measure’, `to compare’, ‘to assay’, ‘to isolate’, ‘to determine’ etc. Very closely related to the actual experiments you are planning to do. Very closely related to the actual experiments you are planning to do.

25 Proposal Objectives: Example Hypothesis 1: Hypothesis 1: To determine the organo-leptic properties of natural yoghurt at 4 and 25°C over a 5 day period; To determine the organo-leptic properties of natural yoghurt at 4 and 25°C over a 5 day period; To monitor the total microbial concentration of natural yoghurt at 4 and 25°C over a 5 day period; To monitor the total microbial concentration of natural yoghurt at 4 and 25°C over a 5 day period; To carry out a statistical analysis to test the validity of the hypothesis; To carry out a statistical analysis to test the validity of the hypothesis;

26 Proposal Objectives: Example Hypothesis 2: Hypothesis 2: To measure the car exhaust gas concentration of H 2 S, CO and CO 2 before and after the catalyst; To measure the car exhaust gas concentration of H 2 S, CO and CO 2 before and after the catalyst; To carry out a statistical analysis to test the validity of the hypothesis; To carry out a statistical analysis to test the validity of the hypothesis;

27 Proposal Objectives: Example Hypothesis 3: Hypothesis 3: To monitor the fermentation activity of S. cerevisae in defined growth medium at 25°C in the presence of various ethanol concentrations; To monitor the fermentation activity of S. cerevisae in defined growth medium at 25°C in the presence of various ethanol concentrations; To carry out a statistical analysis to test the validity of the hypothesis; To carry out a statistical analysis to test the validity of the hypothesis;

28 Methods & Materials Describe precisely how the experiments are to be done. Describe precisely how the experiments are to be done. Proper citations – record author(s), year, journal title, volume, page numbers. Proper citations – record author(s), year, journal title, volume, page numbers. Are the experiments ‘DO-ABLE’ here in our laboratories? Discuss with your supervisor! Are the experiments ‘DO-ABLE’ here in our laboratories? Discuss with your supervisor! List chemical requirements and place order early! List chemical requirements and place order early!

29 Everyday Example Preparation of D.I.Y. Cake: Ingredients (Chemicals) Ingredients (Chemicals)  3 eggs  150 g sugar  300 g flour  125 g butter  50 mL milk  3 tbsp. oil  ½ tsp Vanilla essence  1 pack Custard powder Chicken? Duck? Ostrich? Turtle?

30 Everyday Example Preparation of D.I.Y. Cake: Ingredients (Chemicals) Ingredients (Chemicals)  3 medium-sized chicken eggs  150 g fine-grained white sugar  300 g self-raising sieved wheat flour  125 g salted butter  50 mL full-cream cow milk  3 tbl refined sunflower oil  ½ tsp Vanilla essence  50 g Custard powder (Vanilla flavour)

31 Everyday Example Preparation of D.I.Y. Cake: Cooking Ware (Materials) Cooking Ware (Materials)  Bowl  Whisker  Tablespoon  Grease paper  Spring form  Sieve  Oven

32 Everyday Example Preparation of D.I.Y. Cake: Procedure (Methods) Procedure (Methods) 1. Take 3 egg yolk and manually mix with 150 g of sugar; 2. Add 125 g of butter (room- temperature) to the egg yolk – sugar mix and homogenise manually; 3. Add the sieved flour and form a dough; 4. …

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34 PROJECT PLANNING & EXECUTION Prepare a time-line for the project – Gantt chart - must take into account holidays, exams, writing-up, submission dates. Prepare a time-line for the project – Gantt chart - must take into account holidays, exams, writing-up, submission dates. Very little time..so preparation must be meticulous – there may not be time for repeat experiments. Very little time..so preparation must be meticulous – there may not be time for repeat experiments. Experiments must be so designed such that results can be presented either graphically or tabulated and amenable for statistical analyses. Experiments must be so designed such that results can be presented either graphically or tabulated and amenable for statistical analyses.

35 Example Gantt Chart Example Gantt Chart W1W2W3W4W5… Proposal writing Ordering chemicals Experiment 1 Submit Chapter 1 to Supervisor Hari Raya …

36 Documentation All experimental procedures, raw and processed data are to be recorded in a hard-cover LABORATORY BOOK. All experimental procedures, raw and processed data are to be recorded in a hard-cover LABORATORY BOOK. The lab book is the property of your lab and is to be left with supervisor after completion of project! The lab book is the property of your lab and is to be left with supervisor after completion of project! All raw data must be processed as soon as possible (e.g. transfer to Excel). All raw data must be processed as soon as possible (e.g. transfer to Excel).

37 Documentation (cont’d) Thesis writing should start on Day 10 of project – thesis writing is both laborious and time consuming! Thesis writing should start on Day 10 of project – thesis writing is both laborious and time consuming! Format of theses – similar to past years Format of theses – similar to past years Completed sections can be submitted to supervisor for corrections / comments as and when they are ready; do not leave it to the last day! Completed sections can be submitted to supervisor for corrections / comments as and when they are ready; do not leave it to the last day! Remember to BACKUP your work (pen drive, CD)! Remember to BACKUP your work (pen drive, CD)!

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39 Data Presentation & Discussion Purpose: Generate new Knowledge and enhance our Understanding Purpose: Generate new Knowledge and enhance our Understanding Source:

40 Data Presentation & Discussion Data can be qualitative or quantitative; Data can be qualitative or quantitative; Qualitative data: Qualitative data: Is subjective, rich, and in-depth information Is subjective, rich, and in-depth information normally presented in the form of words; normally presented in the form of words; derived from 1) interviews and 2) other sources - observations, life histories and journals (paper review) and documents of all kinds including newspapers. derived from 1) interviews and 2) other sources - observations, life histories and journals (paper review) and documents of all kinds including newspapers. Example: Taste (sweet, sour, bitter, salty)

41 Example of quantitative Data 20min, 0min, 10min, 50min, 40min, 30min; 20min, 0min, 10min, 50min, 40min, 30min; 298K, 299K, 299K, 298K, 298K 298K, 299K, 299K, 298K, 298K 16mg/L, 1mg/L, 8mg/L, 4mg/L, 1mg/L, 2mg/L; 16mg/L, 1mg/L, 8mg/L, 4mg/L, 1mg/L, 2mg/L; 15mg/L, 0.7mg/L, 6mg/L, 5mg/L, 1.1 mg/L, 2.5mg/L; 15mg/L, 0.7mg/L, 6mg/L, 5mg/L, 1.1 mg/L, 2.5mg/L; 17mg/L, 1.3 mg/L, 7 mg/L, 3mg/L, 0.8 mg/L, 1.5 mg/L. 17mg/L, 1.3 mg/L, 7 mg/L, 3mg/L, 0.8 mg/L, 1.5 mg/L.

42 Information Information = Arranged, organised Data. Information = Arranged, organised Data. Time [s] Temp. [K] Conc. 1 [mg/L] Conc. 2 [mg/L] Conc. 3 [mg/L]

43 Knowledge Knowledge = Processed Information; Knowledge = Processed Information; Average and standard deviation were calculated from arranged data; Average and standard deviation were calculated from arranged data; Time [min] Temp. [K] Average Conc. [mg/L] StDev [mg/L]

44 Knowledge (cont’d) Concentration of... increases exponentially at 298K; Concentration of... increases exponentially at 298K; Reaction is first order; Reaction is first order; Rate constant, k = mg/(L·min). Rate constant, k = mg/(L·min).

45 Understanding Understanding = Ability to explain Knowledge; Understanding = Ability to explain Knowledge; Example: The increase in microbial concentration is first order because microorganisms produce daughter cells every 10 min. Example: The increase in microbial concentration is first order because microorganisms produce daughter cells every 10 min.

46 Wisdom Wisdom = Apply Knowledge the right Way. Example (The Right Way): Example (The Right Way): Fermenter operator understands that ethanol concentration of 15 % kills the yeast culture. Hence ethanol concentration is monitored and controlled to remain <15 %. Example (The Unethical Way): Example (The Unethical Way): Colleague has a grudge against of fermenter operator and decides to sabotage. Colleague also understands toxic effect of ethanol and decides to turn off monitoring system so that ethanol concentration spirals out of control and inhibits yeast culture.

47 Presentation of Information Table Table Line graph Line graph Bar chart Bar chart Pie chart Pie chart Figure from software/instrument used Figure from software/instrument used Please take Note! Whatever diagram you use, an associated commentary is essential. Whatever diagram you use, an associated commentary is essential. Do not leave it to the reader (especially supervisor and internal examiner) to work out what the diagram shows. Do not leave it to the reader (especially supervisor and internal examiner) to work out what the diagram shows.

48 Presentation of Information Table Table  Make comparisons between quantities which are totals and/or have sub-divisions, at the same point in time  Show data that is time series, nominal or ordinal

49 Presentation of Information Table (Example) Table (Example) Source: K. Openshaw / Biomass and Bioenergy 19 (2000) 1-15.

50 Presentation of Information Line Graph Line Graph Source: As. J. Energy Env. 2009, 10(04),

51 Presentation of Information Line Graph Line Graph Source: Agricultural Wastes 4 (1982)

52 Presentation of Information Bar chart Bar chart  Make comparisons between quantities which are totals and/or have sub-divisions, at the same point in time  Show data that is time series, nominal or ordinal  Bar charts are inappropriate for large data sets with many bars and numerical data.

53 Presentation of Information Bar chart (Example) Bar chart (Example) Source: M. Franz et al. / Carbon 38 (2000) 1807 –1819

54 Presentation of Information Bar chart (Example) Bar chart (Example) Source: Renewable Energy World, Vol. 14(4), p. 8.

55 Presentation of Information Bar chart (Example) Bar chart (Example) Source: Renewable Energy World, Vol. 14(4), p. 47.

56 Presentation of Information Pie chart Pie chart  show the percentage parts of the whole; they are the circular version of a percentage component bar chart;  highlight a particular component using an exploded or dynamic pie chart, where a slice of the pie is extracted.

57 Presentation of Information Pie chart (Example) Pie chart (Example) Figure 3. Breakdown of residential electricity consumption in Malaysia. Refrigerators and air con’s top the list followed by washing machines, fans, rice cooker, irons etc. Source: Energy Policy, Vol. 35(2), pp. 1050–1063.

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59 Research Ethics DO NOT CHEAT! DO NOT CHEAT! Present the data you obtained experimentally and not what you think it should be! Present the data you obtained experimentally and not what you think it should be! DO NOT PLAGIARIZE! DO NOT PLAGIARIZE! ‘Cut-n-paste’ is not an acceptable practice! ‘Cut-n-paste’ is not an acceptable practice! If you have to use certain phrases from a particular source, credit must be given to original author(s) If you have to use certain phrases from a particular source, credit must be given to original author(s)

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61 FYP Guidelines & Materials Available online at: Available online at: E-Learning: E-Learning:

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