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1Use your left arrow key to return to previous slides. Use your right arrow key to advance the slides in the Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace power point presentation.Use your left arrow key to return to previous slides.
2Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace State of OregonDepartment of Administrative ServicesStatewide Policy
3Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace The State of Oregon is committed to a discrimination and harassment free work environment.All employees are expected to conduct themselves in a business-like and professional manner and not engage in discriminatory or harassing behavior.
4Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Statewide Policy , Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace, outlines types of prohibited conduct and procedures for reporting and investigating prohibited conduct.All employees are expected to read Statewide Policy , Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace. The policy can be located at:
5Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace This power point presentation provides additional information about a discrimination and harassment free workplace.If you have questions after viewing this presentation and reading the policy, ask your supervisor, your agency Human Resource section, Executive Director or chair.
6Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Throughout the presentation there will be questions, scenarios and quizzes designed to test your knowledge.See if you can answer the questions before the slide changes to reveal the answer.
7Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Policy and this presentation cover three types of illegal, prohibited behavior:1. Discrimination,2. Workplace harassment and3. Sexual harassmentDiscrimination and workplace harassment are based upon an individual’s protected class status.
8Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Protected class status under federal law includes:race, color and national origin;sex (includes pregnancy-related conditions);religion;age (40 and older);disability;a person who uses leave covered by the Federal Family and Medical Leave Act;a person who uses Military Leave;a person who associates with a protected class;a person who opposes unlawful employment practices, files a complaint or testifies about violations or possible violations; andany other protected class as defined by federal law.
9Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Protected class status under Oregon law includes:All federally protected classes, plus:age (18 and older);physical or mental disability;injured worker;a person who uses leave covered by the Oregon Family Leave Act;marital status and family relationships;sexual orientation;whistleblower;expunged juvenile record; andany other protected class as defined by state law.
10Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Discrimination isA supervisor or person in authority making employment decisions related to hiring, firing, transferring, promoting, demoting, benefits, compensation, and other terms and conditions of employment, because of an employee’s protected class status.
11Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace *Examples of discrimination include:A supervisor refusing to hire a well qualified candidate because she is pregnant.Upon “discovering” an employee’s age, a supervisor transfers a well qualified 45 year old employee from the “teen unit” to the “senior citizen unit.”*The examples are assuming a Bonafide Occupational Qualification (BFOQ) or other circumstances do not exist.
12Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Workplace Harassment isUnwelcome, unwanted or offensive conduct based on or because of an employee’s protected class status.
13Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Examples of workplace harassment include:An employee repeatedly addresses coworkers with derogatory comments or stereotypes related to their race or religion. The employee calls a coworker wearing a turban, “Towel Head,” calls a Hispanic coworker, “Beaner,” and calls a Jewish coworker “Cheap Skate.”An employee tries to get a coworker to resign by spreading untrue, malicious gossip about the coworker, because of the coworker’s disability.
14Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Sexual Harassment isUnwelcome, unwanted, or offensive sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature when:1. Submission to the conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of the individual’s employment; or is used as a basis for any employment decision (granting leave requests, promotion, favorable performance appraisal, etc.); or2. The conduct is unwelcome, unwanted, or offensive and has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual’s work performance, or creating an intimidating, hostile or offensive working environment.
15Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Examples of sexual harassment include:A supervisor telling a subordinate employee that if he/she accompanies the supervisor for a weekend get-away, the supervisor might be able to arrange for some paid time off for the employee, or look into a promotion for the employee.A person in authority threatening to discredit a subordinate employee if they won’t attend a party with them after work.
16Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Any employee believing they have been subjected to discrimination, workplace harassment or sexual harassment should report that behavior to their immediate supervisor, another member of management or the agency Human Resource section.A complaint may be made verbally or in writing.
17Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Why is it important for employees to report discrimination, workplace harassment and sexual harassment?AnswerDiscrimination ,workplace harassment and sexual harassment can cause:Employees to be hurt emotionallyProductivity to go downAbsenteeism to go upThe work of the agency to be jeopardizedEmployees to be fearful of othersWorkplace morale to be reducedWhen management knows about the problem it can be correctedDiscrimination, workplace harassment and sexual harassment must be stopped!
18Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Why do employee’s hesitate to report discrimination, workplace harassment and sexual harassment?AnswerFear of losing their jobFear of retaliationFear of getting someone into troubleFear of disrupting the workplaceFear of being accused of having no sense of humorFear of being embarrassedFear of feeling like “less of a man/woman”Fear of not being believed. Discrimination and harassment are generally subtle and inconspicuous.
19Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace What can a supervisor do to help employees feel safe reporting discrimination, workplace harassment and sexual harassment?AnswerSet an example of respectful workplace behavior.Have clear expectations that discrimination, workplace harassment and sexual harassment are not tolerated.Have a clear mechanism for reporting; including the ability to report to another member of management should the supervisor be the accused.Take immediate steps to stop inappropriate behavior or conduct as it occurs or is reported.Guard against retaliation.Handle investigations as discretely and confidentially as possible.Be sensitive to the feelings of all involved. It is not easy for the complainant, the accused or anyone participating in an investigation.
20Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Once a complaint of discrimination, workplace harassment or sexual harassment is made, the agency must promptly investigate the complaint.Complaints are taken seriously and are confidential to the extent possible.Employees are expected to cooperate with an investigation and keep information regarding the investigation confidential.
21Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Scenario: An employee reports harassment to his/her supervisor and says, “I don’t want you to do anything about this. I just want you to listen and be aware of what is going on.”How should the supervisor respond?AnswerA supervisor cannot promise to “just listen and be aware.”Once a supervisor receives a report of harassment or discrimination, a supervisor has an obligation to take action.In fact, a supervisor has the responsibility to ensure the integrity of the workplace. A supervisor must exercise reasonable care to prevent and promptly correct any discrimination, workplace harassment or sexual harassment they know about or should know about.
22Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Scenario: A supervisor receives a report of sexual harassment. The supervisor has seen such reports divide a workforce.What advice would you give the supervisor to help minimize disruption to the workplace?AnswerConduct an investigation discretely and quickly.Caution all parties not to discuss the investigation.Direct employees back to work who are talking about the accused or the complainant in regards to the report.Work to keep up morale in the office and ensure work is being accomplished.Be proactive. Having established expectations in place that do not allow gossiping and other non-productive or destructive activities is a preventative measure a supervisor should take.
23Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace How should an agency treat an employee accused of discrimination, workplace harassment or sexual harassment?AnswerAn employee accused of discrimination, workplace harassment or sexual harassment should be treated with professionalism and respect, as you would any employee.Just because an employee has been accused, does not mean the employee is guilty.The accused employee has a chance to defend him/herself and present information and witnesses.An agency must conduct a neutral investigation. Conclusions should not be reached until the investigation is complete.
24Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Scenario: An employee filed a report of harassment with her supervisor. After an investigation the agency did not agree that harassment occurred. Because harassment was not found, the employee worries that she will be disciplined.Are the employee’s worries founded?AnswerNo. An employee will not be disciplined for making a report of what the employee believes is harassment.Harassment is a term often used for lack of a better way to describe what an employee feels he/she is experiencing.Sometimes an investigation will conclude that a particular behavior was not harassment or discrimination but was inappropriate workplace behavior.
25Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace The complainant and the accused will be notified individually when an investigation is concluded. They will be told if any part of the complaint is substantiated. The complainant will not be told specifics of any action taken against the accused.Employees engaging in conduct in violation of this policy may be subject to disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal.State temporary employees or volunteers engaging in conduct in violation of this policy may be subject to termination of their working or volunteer relationship with the agency.
26Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace An employee who harasses another employee because of their protected class status, or sexually harasses another employee, while away from the workplace and outside of working hours, may be subject to the provisions of this policy if that conduct has a negative impact on the environment at work and/or working relationships and/or the employer’s business.Even consensual relationships can impact the work environment when one party decides they no longer wish to participate.Supervisor/subordinate relationships can also impact the work environment because of actual or perceived preferential treatment.
27Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace If a complaint involves the conduct of a contracted employee or a contractor, management will address the problem behavior with the contractor and require prompt, appropriate action.If a complaint involves the conduct of a client, customer, or visitor, the agency should follow its own internal procedures and take prompt, appropriate action.
28Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Scenario: A technician is contracted to maintain the office copy machine. Each time the technician makes a service call the technician tells a dirty joke. Some employees can’t wait for the machine to break down, just so they can hear the latest joke.Even though no employees have complained, what is the supervisor’s responsibility?AnswerThe supervisor has an obligation to maintain the integrity of the office environment.The supervisor should direct the employees back to work.Even though the technician is not an employee, the supervisor should tell the technician to stop telling dirty jokes.The supervisor should contact the company holding the contract and report the behavior and request prompt corrective action.
29Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Retaliating against employees who file complaints, participate in investigations, or report observing discrimination, workplace harassment or sexual harassment is prohibited.If an employee believes they have been retaliated against, the employee should report the retaliatory behavior to their supervisor, another manager, or the agency Human Resource section, Executive Director or chair.Complaints of retaliation will be investigated promptly.Retaliation
30Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Scenario: An investigation resulted in an employee being disciplined for sexual harassment. The disciplined employee was mad and encouraged others to shun those who participated in the investigation. You have been asked to refuse to speak to your coworkers who reported the employee’s behavior to the supervisor.What can you do?AnswerJust as discrimination and harassment are prohibited, so is retaliation.Refuse to participate in retaliation against your coworkers. The morale of the staff has already been harmed. You do not want to contribute to further problems.Report this behavior to management.
31Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace A Quiz (True or False)Discrimination, workplace harassment and sexual harassment can be illegal behavior.TrueEmployment actions taken against employees that are based on or because of an employee’s protected class status are illegal, violating federal and state law.Unwelcome, unwanted or offensive sexual advances or requests for sexual favors which require submission in exchange for employment action or inaction are illegal, violating federal and state law.
32Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Harassment is limited to exchanges between men and women.FalseHarassment can occur between men and women, women and women, and men and men.
33Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Only a member of management has the power to eliminate discrimination, workplace harassment and sexual harassment in the workplace.FalseOnly a supervisor/manager has the authority to discipline an employee for engaging in discrimination, workplace harassment or sexual harassment.Employees at every level of the agency have the power to prevent and eliminate discrimination, workplace harassment and sexual harassment by:Being a role model for appropriate workplace behavior;Not engaging in it; andBeing comfortable enough to tell each other respectfully when they have been offended.
34Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace If I tell my manager I am being harassed my manager can guarantee my name will be kept out of it.False.A manager receiving a report of harassment has an obligation to keep the information as confidential as possible.Human Resources and specific members of management may need to have some or all of the information from your report.In order for the accused to answer questions and defend him/herself, he/she will need specifics.Witnesses will be given limited information.
35Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Prevention is the most effective way to eliminate discrimination, workplace harassment and sexual harassment in the workplace.TrueTaking a proactive stance to create and maintain a respectful work environment is the most effective way to prevent discrimination, workplace harassment and sexual harassment.This can be accomplished by:Educating the workforce about discrimination, workplace harassment and sexual harassment;Having clear guidelines for reporting discrimination, workplace harassment and sexual harassment; andMaking it clear that that discrimination, workplace harassment and sexual harassment are prohibited and retaliating against someone for reporting is prohibited.
36Discrimination and Harassment Free Workplace Together we must work to create and maintain a work environment that is free from discrimination, workplace harassment and sexual harassment.End