Presentation on theme: "Oraciones Condicionales I IF Clause + Main Clause (Condición) => (Consecuencia) Present simple + Future (WILL) Expresan una POSIBILIDAD real. If I find."— Presentation transcript:
Oraciones Condicionales I IF Clause + Main Clause (Condición) => (Consecuencia) Present simple + Future (WILL) Expresan una POSIBILIDAD real. If I find my match, I’ll fall in love. If I fall in love, I will marry her. And if we have a baby, he will look like his father.
Posibilidad & Resultado POSIBILIDAD REAL Hablamos sobre el futuro, sobre una condición o situación en el futuro, y del resultado de esta condición. Hay posibilidades reales de que esa condición suceda. Por ejemplo: Estás en casa una mañana. Planeas jugar al tenis pero ves nubes oscuras en el cielo. Imagínate que llueve. ¿Qué harás? n If it rains, I will stay at home. n If I stay at home, I’ll watch the basketball match on the TV. n If I watch the basketball match, I’ll see my friend Igor. n If I see Igor play, he’ll be lucky and will win the match. n If he wins the match, we’ll celebrate the victory together.
Ready....Steady....GO! n If it's sunny,......... (we / go / park). If it's sunny, we'll go to the park. n We will be sad if...... (Malu / return / Philippines). We will be sad if Malu returns to Philippines. n If you cook the supper,.... (I / wash / dishes). If you cook the supper, I will wash the dishes. n If Nestor draws a picture every day,..(He / become / a famous artist). If Nestor draws a picture every day, he’ll become a famous artist. n If Nina gets good marks in English,.... (she/be/happy). If Nina gets a good mark in English, she’ll be happy. n If Pablo (not / arrive) on time, we’ll begin without him. If Pablo doesn’t arrive on time, we’ll begin without him.
Condicional 0 n You / boil / water / it / turn / to steam If you boil water, it turns to steam. n Ice / float / you / drop / it / in water Ice floats if you drop it in water. n You / not / eat / you / die If you do not eat, you die. n If / there / no / rain / the grass / not / grow If there is no rain, the grass does not grow. n Iron / rust / it / get / wet Iron rusts if it gets wet. El condicional 0 expresa verdades universales y hechos científicos que todos aceptamos porque siempre suceden bajo las mismas condiciones : Water boils if it reaches 100º C.
Otras posibilidades... n Podemos utilizar shall, can, may, might en lugar de will. If you are good today, you can watch TV tonight. n Unless + afirmativa = If + negativa. Unless you start at once you’ll be late. n Y también el imperativo en la principal. If you have enough money, bring me a present! EJEMPLOS: If it stops snowing, we ** go out. (posibilidad) If it stops snowing, we can go out. If you have finished, you ** go out with your friends. (permiso) If you have finished, you may go out with your friends. Unless you study a bit more you ** (not pass) your test. Unless you study a bit more you won’t pass your test. Unless the greenhouse effect is mitigated, the seas ** (rise). Unless the greenhouse effect is mitigated, the seas will rise. Unless you work hard you ** (never get) anywhere. Unless you work hard you will never get anywhere.
Ejercicios: nInIf you're late, your boss ** (be) angry. nWnWe ** (eat) out if there's no food at home. nWnWe ** (go) to the beach if the weather's good. nTnThey ** (not recognise) you if you wear a wig and dark glasses. nInIf the bus ** (be) on time, I won't miss the football. nInIf you ** (do) your homework now, you'll be free all day tomorrow. nInIf you’re thirsty, ** (make) yourself something to drink. nYnYou'll find life much easier if you ** (smile) more often. nInIf it's hot, we ** (go) for a swim. nYnYou'll do it better if you ** (take) more time over it. nInIf I make a chocolate cake, I ** (invite) my friends at home.
Alguna variable más.... n If you want to lose weight, you must eat less bread [MUST para deducciones, sugerencias] * If she lives in London........must..........English n If you’re looking for Peter, you’ll find him upstairs [PRESENT CONTINUOUS para acciones en progreso] * If dad is sleeping,......turn.....the TV off. n If you have finished dinner, I’ll ask the waiter for the bill [PRESENT PERFECT para unir pasado y presente] * If you have scored a goal,.......the best player.
Ponte a prueba ahora 1.If you arrive early, you ** (have) to wait. 2.My dog Duna ** (start) licking you if you pat her on the back 3.If Jeremy doesn't answer the phone this time, I ** (not call) again. 4.If you run, you ** (catch) the train. 5.If Mrs Bush ** (call), tell her I’ve gone to Siberia 6.If Charlie ** (not stop) eating green apples, he’ll soon feel sick. 7.If mother ** (make) apple pie, I’ll give you a piece. 8.If he ** (win) a lot of money he will fly to Paris. 9.If she is ill, she ** (not come) to our party. 10.If Peter ** (not leave) earlier, he may miss the bus 11.If you stop smoking, you ** (live) longer. 12.Practise hard and your English ** (improve).
Comprueba tus respuestas 1.If you arrive early, you will have to wait. 2.My dog Duna will start licking you if you pat her on the back 3.If Jeremy doesn't answer the phone this time, I won’t call again. 4.If you run, you will catch the train. 5.If Mrs Bush calls, tell her I’ve gone to Siberia 6.If Charlie does not stop eating green apples, he’ll soon feel sick. 7.If mother makes apple pie, I’ll give you a piece. 8.If he wins a lot of money, he will fly to Paris. 9.If she is ill, she will not come to our party. 10.If Peter does not leave earlier, he may miss the bus 11.If you stop smoking, you will live longer. 12.Practise hard and your English will improve. POZI..POZI....