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Hazard Communications Supervisor Training (Includes GHS Elements)

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1 Hazard Communications Supervisor Training (Includes GHS Elements)

2 Hazard Communication Training – Supervisor Training Goals Understand OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard Become familiar with product labels Know what an SDS is and where to find them in your facility Learn when to use personal protective equipment (PPE)

3 Exercise What type of hazards exist in our everyday lives?”

4 Hazard Communication Standard The Goal of the Standard: To reduce injuries To make you aware of any hazardous chemicals To ensure understanding regardless of education and language To keep YOU safe!

5 OSHA – 29 CFR Created in 1983, updated in 2012 to Incorporate Global Harmonization System (GHS) Elements Called HCS 2012 Same Regulation Number The New Standard for OSHA Compliance GHS Addition Goals To Eliminate the Variation in Chemical Classifications and Hazards To Provide Consistency on Phrases Used to Indicate the Severity of Hazard Across Different Hazard Types To Offer Better Employee Protection Information should be conveyed in more than one way for comprehensibility and understanding Reduces Confusion Enhances Understanding of Hazards Helps Address Literacy and Language Concerns

6 OSHA’s Haz Com Facility Written Program A Facility Must Have a Prepared Written Hazard Communications Program Describes How the Facility Will Implement the HAZCOM Standard The Written Program Must Be Available to Any Employee Upon Request

7 OSHA’s Haz Com Facility Written Program Continued Required Items to be Addressed in the Written Program: Identification of Employee Responsible for Hazard Communications at the Facility A List of A Hazardous Chemicals By the Facility or By the Work Area(s) Preparation and Distribution of Safety Data Sheets Within the Facility How the Requirements for Labels Will be Met for Hazardous Chemicals Used in the Workplace Shipped to Other Workplaces The Procedures to Review and Update Label Information The Development and Implementation of Employee Training An Established Procedure to Maintain Program Includes Evaluation of the Programs Effectiveness

8 OSHA’s Haz Com Standard Identification of Employee Responsible for Hazard Communications at the Facility One Person Should be Responsible for Keeping the Facility in Compliance with the Standard This Person Must Read and Understand the Provisions Within the Standard This Person Must: Keep a Written Program Up to Date Keep All Records Up to Date Make sure there is at least one Safety Data Sheet (SDS) book in one location in the facility An SDS is a document which contains important information about a chemical Make sure all containers are properly labeled Make sure training is provided for all new and established employees before a new chemical is introduced

9 OSHA’s Haz Com Standard A prepared inventory list needs to be established for every hazardous product in the facility If it is not hazardous, it is not covered in the standard Make SDSs Available to Workers Workers must know where the SDSs are located Have an Established Procedure to: Maintain the Program Evaluate the Program’s Effectiveness

10 OSHA’s Haz Com Requirements Training Employee training Prior to initial assignment to work with a hazardous chemical. Before Any Hazardous Product is Used in the Facility Whenever a hazard changes. Training contents - What do the employees need to be trained on? Product labels Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Potential product hazards It is not sufficient to just read material to the workers or to simply hand them the materials and expect the item to be read. Training is continuous and should be performed annually

11 Moving On… Understand OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard Become familiar with product labels Know what an SDS is and where to find them in your facility Learn when to use personal protective equipment (PPE)

12 Primary Product Labels Must Include: Product Identifier Supplier Information Signal Word Hazard Pictogram Hazard Statement Precautionary Statement May Include: Supplemental Information

13 Product Label Elements Example

14 Labels: Product Identifier and Supplier Information Product Identifier: The Name of the Product Supplier Information: Company Name Address Telephone Number

15 Labels: Product Identifier and Supplier Information Product Identifier: The Name of the Product Supplier Information: Company Name Address Telephone Number

16 Labels: Signal Word Signal Word Quickly Communicates the Relative Severity of the Hazard Only 2 Signal Words Will Appear: “DANGER” (more severe hazard) “WARNING” (less severe hazard) Not all Labels Will Have a Signal Word Some chemicals are not hazardous enough to require that a signal word appear on the label

17 Labels: Pictograms There are 9 pictograms. Only 8 are regulated by OSHA Health Hazards Physical Hazards Environmental Hazards (Not regulated by OSHA)

18 Health Hazard Pictograms ! Skin corrosion/burns, eye damage corrosive to metals Acute toxicity, fatal or toxic Carcinogen, mutagenicity, Reproductive toxicity, respiratory sensitizer, target organ toxicity, aspiration toxicity Irritant, skin sensitizer, acute toxicity, narcotic effects, respiratory tract irritant, hazard to ozone layer

19 Physical Hazards Pictograms Flammables Self reactives Pyrophorics Self heating Emits flammable gas Organic peroxides Explosives Self reactives Organic peroxides Corrosive to Metals Gases under Pressure Oxidizer

20 Labels: Hazard Statement "Hazard statement" means a statement assigned to a hazard class that describes the nature of the hazard(s) of a chemical, including, where appropriate, the hazard category (degree of hazard). There are specific hazard statements that must appear on the label based on the chemical hazard classification Examples: Flammable liquid and vapor Causes skin irritation May cause cancer

21 Hazard Class The nature of the physical or health hazards Examples: flammable solid, carcinogen, oral acute toxicity

22 Hazard Category Degree of Hazard 1 – 2 – 3 – 4 1 – Most Severe; 4 – Least Severe Example: Hazard Class: Flammable liquids Hazard Categories 1: Extremely flammable liquid and vapor 2: Highly flammable liquid and vapor 3: Flammable liquid and vapor 4: Combustible liquid

23 Label: Precautionary Statements "Precautionary statement" means a phrase that describes recommended measures that should be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous chemical, or improper storage or handling. Examples: Wear respiratory protection Wash with soap and water Store in a well ventilated place

24 Precautionary Statements Additional Information Precautionary Statements are not necessarily a mandate for employees to follow. The employer is to evaluate the precautionary statements to determine if these need to be followed by employees. This decision may be based on several factors:  How chemical used  Where it is used (ventilation concerns)  How much of the chemical is used (quantity)  Air sampling or testing results (permissible exposure limits)  How long the chemical is used (time)  Other considerations

25 Precautionary Statement Employer Evaluation Example A precautionary statement may state “Wear respiratory protection” Employees may not be required to wear a respirator based on the employer’s evaluation of the factors previously listed (how, where, how much, time)

26 Label: Supplemental / Other Information (Discretionary) Other information that may be included on the label: Physical state Color Hazards not otherwise classified Route of exposure Storage and disposal Hazard prevention and emergency response instructions

27 Current Label Example

28 New Label Example - DRAFT

29 Labels: Product In Use in the Workplace Workplace Labels Must Be Consistent with the HCS 2012 Product identifier and words, pictures, symbols, or combination thereof, which provide at least general information regarding the hazards of the chemicals May Use Signal Word, Hazard Statement, Pictograms, Precautionary Statement from Original Product Label May use written materials (e.g., signs, placards, etc.) in lieu of affixing labels to individual stationary process containers Employer can use GHS compliant labels (same as shipping)

30 Workplace Labels During there walk-through’s, Supervisors should check that labels are applied on all spray bottles or secondary containers. Supervisors should: Check that labels are legible and prominently displayed. Help their employees understand the importance of keeping product labels on their containers.

31 Next Topic Please… Understand OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard Become familiar with product labels Know what a Safety Data Sheet is and where to find the SDS book in your facility Learn when to use personal protective equipment (PPE)

32 Safety Data Sheets A SDS is a document which contains important information about a product The manufacturer is the one responsible for creating the SDS, not you! Every facility must have a SDS for each chemical used Severe financial penalties are placed on facilities that do not keep these current. SDSs Must follow a specific 16 part format SDSs explain how to protect yourself from hazards SDSs must be kept up to date

33 Safety Data Sheets Where in your facility, is the SDS book located? Make sure everyone in the facility knows where the SDS are located. As long as employees can get the information when they need it, any approach may be used (paper or computer). Ask your employees frequently where the SDS are located to test their knowledge.

34 Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) 1.Identification 2.Hazard(s) Identification 3.Composition/Ingredient Information 4.First-aid Measures 5.Fire-fighting Measures 6.Accidental Release Measures 7.Handling and Storage 8.Exposure Controls / Personal Protection 9.Physical and Chemical Properties 10.Stability and Reactivity 11.Toxicological Information 12.Ecological Information* 13.Disposal Consideration* 14.Transport Information* 15.Regulatory Information* 16.Other information including date of preparation of last revision 16 Part Format in a Specific Order * Not Regulated by OSHA

35 SDS Format 1. Identification Product Identifier Manufacturer or Distributor Name, Address, Phone Number Emergency Number Recommended Use Restrictions on Use

36 SDS Example

37 SDS Format 2. Hazard(s) Identification Class/Category Identifies the nature of the physical or health hazard, the severity of the hazard Signal Word DANGER or WARNING HNOC Hazards Not Otherwise Classified An adverse physical or health effect identified through evaluation of scientific evidence during the classification process that does not meet the specified criteria for the physical and health hazard classes above.

38 SDS Example

39 SDS Format 3. Composition/Information on Ingredients Chemical name, Common Name, CAS, Ingredient % or cut off limits 4. First-aid Measures Necessary measures, symptoms/effects What to do if an accident occurs 5. Fire-Fighting Measures What to do if the product catches on fire or is in a fire Suitable and unsuitable actions Hazards from fire

40 SDS Example

41 SDS Format 6. Accidental Release Measures Precautions, PPE, Emergency Procedures What to do in case the product spills 7. Handling and Storage Precautions for safe handling and storage, including any special handling or incompatibilities Where and what temperature to store the product 8. Exposure Control/Personal Protection PEL, TLV, NTP, IARC, Engineering Controls, PPE What type of protective equipment to wear

42 SDS Example

43 SDS Format 9. Physical and Chemical Properties Appearance, odor threshold, pH, flash point, LEL/UEL, vapor pressure/density What the product should normally look like 10. Stability and reactivity Possible hazardous reactions, incompatible materials Potential physical hazards 11. Toxicological information Routes of exposure, symptoms, acute/chronic

44 SDS Example

45 SDS Format 12. Ecological Information What can happen if the product is exposed to the environment 13. Disposal Consideration How to properly get rid of any excess product

46 SDS Example

47 SDS Format 14. Transport Information Explains how to properly ship the product

48 Transport Information Continued

49 SDS Format 15. Regulatory Information 16. Other Information Date of preparation/last revision

50 Next Topic Please… Understand OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard Become familiar with product labels Know what a Safety Data Sheet is and where to find the SDS book in your facility Learn when to use personal protective equipment (PPE)

51 Personal Protective Equipment It is important you are aware of the way chemicals can get into a persons system. It is even more important you are aware of the ways in which this can be prevented. As the supervisor, you should: Monitor the use of protective equipment Make sure the employees know the equipment is available to them.

52 Personal Protective Equipment How Can a Chemical Enter Your Body? Through your skin Cleaning a hard surface with your hands Through your eyes Pouring and splashing chemical Through your mouth Touching your mouth with dirty hands Through inhalation Spraying a cleaner in a small area

53 Personal Protective Equipment What PPE can you use to protect yourself? Skin  Wear gloves Eyes  Wear safety glasses Mouth  Wash your hands frequently Inhalation  Avoid using a product in small areas or wear a mask The SDS Will Identify the PPE to Use

54 Additional Safety Information Remember–One of the Goals of the Program is to Reduce Injuries! It is the Employee’s Right to Know What Products May Contain Hazards Employee’s Need to Know Where the SDS Book is Located It is the Empolyee’s Responsibility to Wear the PPE

55 Additional Safety Information Here’s How You Can Help Be Safe Never mix chemicals Make sure your gloves fit properly and do not have any holes or tears Make sure your safety glasses fit properly Wash your hands frequently, especially after using chemicals Report any warning symptoms Report any unusual odors or missing labels

56 Did We Achieve Our Goals? Do you understand OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard? Are you familiar with product labels? Do you know what a SDS is and where to find the SDS book in your facility? Did you learn when to use personal protective equipment (PPE)?

57 Any Questions? Thank you for your time!


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