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Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) BESH Core Process 318: Drug and Alcohol Abuse Testing Non-Manual Supervisors Partnering for an Alcohol-

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Presentation on theme: "Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) BESH Core Process 318: Drug and Alcohol Abuse Testing Non-Manual Supervisors Partnering for an Alcohol-"— Presentation transcript:

1 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) BESH Core Process 318: Drug and Alcohol Abuse Testing Non-Manual Supervisors Partnering for an Alcohol- and Drug-Free Workplace

2 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 2 Safety is Our Value “We measure safety performance by the number of incidents. But let’s be clear… it’s really not about incident rates…it’s about people. People who have faces, names, families, hopes, and dreams.” -Riley Bechtel August 15, 2001

3 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 3 Learning Outline  Supervisor training objectives  Scope of problem in United States  Specific drugs of abuse  Substance abuse signs and symptoms  Overview of CP-318  Employee responsibilities  Supervisors’ responsibilities  Employee Assistance Program  Protecting confidentiality  References

4 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 4 Objectives of Non-Manual Supervisor Training BESH Core Process 318: Drug and Alcohol Abuse Testing Supervisors should have a working knowledge of:  The effects of substance abuse  The requirements of CP-318  Their role in the process  Employee Assistance Program provisions  How to intervene in problem situations

5 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 5 Scope of the United States’ Alcohol Problem  More than half of the adult U.S. population drank alcohol in the past 30 days. Approximately 5% of the total population drank heavily, while 15% of the population binge drank (Centers for Disease Control)  Excessive alcohol use is the 3rd leading lifestyle-related cause of death for people in the United States each year (Centers for Disease Control)  Productivity and health- and crime-related costs: $235 billion (National Institute on Drug Abuse)  $120 billion annual cost of alcoholism and drug addiction to U.S. businesses (National Institutes of Health)  Construction has the highest rate of heavy alcohol abuse at 15.9% (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration)  Nearly 75% of all adult illicit drug users are employed, as are most binge and heavy alcohol users (National Institute on Drug Abuse)

6 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 6 Scope of the United States’ Drug Problem  19.5 million Americans aged 12+ are current users of an illicit drug (National Institute on Drug Abuse )  14.6 million Americans are marijuana smokers, making it the most-commonly-used illicit drug (National Institute on Drug Abuse)  Non-medical use of prescription pain-relievers is now the second most prevalent form of illicit drug use in the nation (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration)  Drug-related illness, death, and crime cost the nation approximately $66.9 billion (National Criminal Justice Reference Service)  Absenteeism is 66% higher, health benefit utilization is 84% greater in dollar terms, disciplinary actions are 90% higher, and there is significantly higher employee turnover (National Institute on Drug Abuse)

7 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 7 Impact of Substance Abuse in the Workplace Safety Security Employee health Productivity Decision making Employee morale Bechtel’s image and community relations

8 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 8 Specific Drugs of Abuse Alcohol Marijuana (THC) Opioids most often prescribed to treat pain prescription narcotics include morphine, codeine, oxycodone (e.g. OxyContin, Percocet), hydrocodone (Vicodin) Heroin, methadone, hydromorphone Amphetamines commonly referred to as "speed“ prescription stimulants treat sleep disorder narcolepsy and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (e.g. Adderall; Benzedrine; Dexedrine; DextroStat) Cocaine PCP

9 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 9 Defining ADDICTION The irresistible compulsion to use alcohol and other drugs despite adverse consequences. It is characterized by repeated failures to control use, increased tolerance and increased disruption in the family. For one in ten people, abuse leads to addiction. Addiction to alcohol and other drugs is: Chronic Progressive Primary Terminal Characterized by denial

10 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 10 Defining Substance ABUSE Using a substance to modify or control mood or state of mind in a manner that is illegal or harmful to oneself or others. Abuse of alcohol and other drugs affects people: Emotionally Behaviorally Physically

11 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 11 Emotional Effects of Substance Abuse Aggression Burnout Anxiety Depression Paranoia Denial

12 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 12 Behavioral Effects of Substance Abuse Drop in attendance or performance Poor motivation or lack of energy Slowed reaction time Impaired coordination Slowed or slurred speech Irritability Excessive talking Inability to sit still Limited attention span

13 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 13 Physical Effects of Substance Abuse Weight loss or gain Excessive sweating Shaking hands Puffy face, blushing or paleness Red, watery eyes; dilated or constricted pupils; blank stare Distorted vision, hearing, coordination Skin problems Reduced immunity/prone to infections Smell of substance on breath, body or clothes Runny nose; hacking cough

14 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 14 Family and Coworker Enabling  Action that someone takes to protect the person with the problem from the consequences of his or her actions  Unfortunately, enabling actually helps the person to NOT deal with his or her problem  Examples – Covering Up – Rationalizing – Withdrawing/Avoiding – Blaming – Controlling – Threatening

15 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 15 Bechtel’s Drug & Alcohol Program Sends a clear message that alcohol and drug use in the workplace is prohibited Complies with local laws and requirements Imposes discipline on those who violate rules Encourages employees who have problems with alcohol and other drugs to voluntarily seek help Provides assistance to employees who want help for an abuse problem Safeguards employee confidentiality

16 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 16 BESH Core Process 318 exists to: 1.Protect the health and safety of all employees, customers and the public 2.Maintain product quality and company integrity and reputation 3.Comply with the Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988 or any other applicable laws 4.Safeguard Bechtel assets 5.Protect trade secrets

17 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 17 CP-318 Answers the Questions What is the purpose of the policy and program? What behavior is prohibited? Who is covered by the policy? When does the policy apply? Does the program include random drug testing?

18 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 18 Bechtel’s Drug & Alcohol Abuse  Forbids working under the influence  Prohibits the possession, use or sale of drugs or alcohol on company property  Applies to all Bechtel Employees and candidates applying for positions, designated contractors and temporary agency personnel  Effective during: –All working hours –When conducting company business or representing the company –While on Bechtel property –When driving while on company business –When riding in a company-provided vehicle

19 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 19 Testing for Drug & Alcohol Abuse  Testing Program essentials derived from 2 sources: 1.Bechtel Policies – HR Policy 409 (Redbook) A401-1 (Greenbook) and Principal 300 (Becon) 2.ES&H CP-318 – Drug and Alcohol Testing  Testing procedures include: 1.Pre-employment screening 2.Reasonable suspicion testing 3.Post-accident (work-related) testing 4.Random testing 5.Unannounced follow-up testing for previous positives 6.Compliance with a recognized standard

20 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 20 Employee Responsibilities Outlined in CP-318 Report to work free of the influence of drug or alcohol Consent to testing as established in CP-318 Comply with work rules regarding submission of documentation Review medications with personal physician to ensure safety Notify supervisor in writing of any criminal drug arrests, as may be required by client organizations

21 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 21 CP-318 Answers Additional Questions Who is responsible for enforcing the policy? What should a supervisor do if they suspect an employee is under the influence? Does the policy include searches? What are the consequences for violating the policy?

22 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 22 Supervision’s Role & Responsibilities  Department Supervisors are responsible for being thoroughly familiar with CP-318, enforcing work rules, evaluating employee performance, and taking action as required  Reasonable suspicion testing requires two trained Supervisors concur on the decision for testing and each independently complete a Reasonable Suspicion Report Form  Searches of employees, subcontractors, and visitors, their personal property, vehicles, and work areas may be conducted by site Security  Violation of any part of this program will result in disciplinary action up to and including termination through Human Resources

23 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 23 Reasonable Suspicion Testing Procedure  Based on specific, objective facts and reasonable inferences drawn from observations  Two trained supervisors each independently complete a Reasonable Suspicion Report Form (CP-318 Exhibit F)  Forms must be completed as soon as possible after observing a suspected behavior  Maintain confidentiality and conduct the investigation in private  The forms must be completed prior to testing  Medical Services will perform the testing

24 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 24 Can help employees decide what to do if they have a problem with alcohol or other drugs Can help an employee decide what to do if someone in his/her family or workgroup has a problem Conversations with BEAP are CONFIDENTIAL BEAP records are separate from personnel records and can be accessed only with a signed release from the employee BEAP professionals are bound by a code of ethics to protect the confidentiality of the employees and family members that they serve In the US: Bechtel Employee Assistance Program (BEAP)

25 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 25 Personal Physician Community hotlines Self-help groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous, Al-Anon, etc. Community mental health centers Private therapists or counselors Addiction treatment centers Additional Resources

26 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 26 Supervisors and Confidentiality Problems will not be made public When an employee tells his/her supervisor something in confidence, supervisors are obligated to protect that disclosure All information related to performance issues will be maintained in employee’s personnel file Information about referral to treatment, however, will be kept separately If an employee chooses to tell coworkers about his/her private concerns, that is his/her decision It is an employee’s responsibility to decide whether or not to seek help

27 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 27 Supervisors Supporting a Safer, Drug-Free Workplace In summary: Understand and follow Core Process 318: Alcohol and Drug Abuse Testing Communicate the policy clearly Recognize the indications and symptoms that are consistent with impairment Follow intervention actions according to policy Treat all employees fairly Share Employee Assistance Program provisions Safeguard employee confidentiality Direct questions to your Human Resources Representative

28 Bechtel Environmental, Safety, and Health (BESH) Slide 28 Learn More  Bechtel University –Online Course: ESH0010-X1 - Bechtel's Drug and Alcohol Program - What Supervisors Need To KnowESH0010-X1 - Bechtel's Drug and Alcohol Program - What Supervisors Need To Know –Online Course: ESH0001-X1 - Bechtel Drug and Alcohol Program - What Employees Need to KnowESH0001-X1 - Bechtel Drug and Alcohol Program - What Employees Need to Know  Centers for Disease Control  National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism  National Institute on Drug Abuse  Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration  The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse ?articleid=287&zoneid=32 ?articleid=287&zoneid=32


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