To provide students with an opportunity to: Pursue independent research on a focused topic Develop research and communication skills Develop the skills of creative and critical thinking Engage in a systematic process of research appropriate tot eh subject Experience the excitement of intellectual discovery
Extended Essay Requirements Compulsory and externally assessed Contributes in combination with TOK; up to 3 points to diploma A piece of independent research on a topic chosen by the student in cooperation with a supervisor In a subject on the approved Diploma Program list A formal piece of scholarship in a form that matches how research is done in the field No more than 4000 words About 40 hours of work Concluded with a short interview with the supervising teacher
Changes to the EE Same for 2009 New for 2009 4000 words max 300 word abstract 40 hour commitment for student (?) no editing by supervisor supervisor submits predicted grade & supervisor report strongly recommended that supervisors spend 3-5 hours with each student supervised Bibliography lists only sources cited one set of assessment criteria A-K interpreted for each subject concludes with the Viva Voce
Viva Voce (optional) The viva voce is a short interview (10 and 15 minutes) between the student and the supervisor, and is a recommended conclusion to the extended essay process. Students who do not attend the viva voce may be disadvantaged.
Choosing a subject The essay can be done in any of the IB areas of study It cannot cross boundaries (e.g. a psychological look at a biological problem) since it would not fit into one discipline for grading purposes. Highly recommended that students choose a subject they are studying since then they have been exposed to the “way” academic study in that field is done. (A TOK approach) The research and essay should align with the way work is done in the field.
Subjects Chemistry Biology English History French Mathematics Each one has specific requirements for the nature of the paper; e.g. an EE in math would look very different from one in English.
Choosing a supervisor Once you have selected your subject and begun to narrow down your focus, we can begin the search for a good supervisor to match your interests The supervisors must be someone on staff, not related to you and with qualifications in the subject you want to work with them on. If you choose to do a paper in history, we have several trained teachers on staff who are trained in history. Depending on what sub-field of history you choose, we will match you with the best person.
Supervisor/EE Mentor Your Mentor must be a teacher at Ancaster Select a teacher that you know or have worked with before Teachers are not required to supervise an extended essay Teachers normally only supervise 3 to 4 students -- ask early
Supervisor/EE Mentor The extended essay supervisor has a few principal responsibilities: Provides advice & guidance in the skills of undertaking research Encourages & supports the student throughout the writing of the EE Ok's the research question Knows the regulations governing the EE & the assessment criteria Reads & comments on first draft only – does not edit the draft Monitors the progress Submits a predicted grade Completes the supervisor's report which among other things states that the essay you are submitting is your work (so supervisor must see enough of you and your research process to honestly say this)
Student Responsibilities It is required that students: Choose an appropriate topic Observe the regulations relating to the EE (on website) Meet deadlines (sheet of dates will be posted) Read and understand IB Academic Honesty Policy (on website) Realize that your papers will be sent in and examined by Turnitin and you will receive an Originality report showing any problem areas. (you will go over this with the supervisor) Acknowledge all sources of information & ideas in an approved academic manner appropriate to the field of study (Which citing style)
Ancaster Library - EE Website http://schools.hwdsb.on.ca/ancasterhigh/library-2/ Go to the AHS Extended Essay web site to find all of the information and forms needed to complete the EE.
Student Responsibilities It is strongly recommended that students: Start early Think about and choose the research question carefully Plan how, when & where you will find the research material Plan a schedule for researching and writing the essay Record all sources accurately Have a clear structure for the essay before beginning to write Check & proofread the final version carefully Treat your supervisor appropriately according to IBO guidelines Seek out your supervisor or EE Co-ordinator for help early Use the Library and Librarians to help Go to our school website for direction (under IB; Extended Essay) Remember it is your responsibility, not anyone else’s
Choosing a topic Narrowing it down to the form of a research question This takes pre:research; literature search Helps to have several questions You should check with your supervisor and work through which one seems to offer thee best chance for a successful paper. WHO IS YOUR SUPERVISOR????
Deciding on your topic Your supervisor may help you: Ensure that the chosen research question is appropriate for the subject Advise you on: Access to appropriate resources Techniques of information, evidence, data gathering, and analysis Writing an abstract Documenting sources
Emphasis is placed on the Research Process Choose a topic (no later than Dec. 1) Check the EE guide to make sure your intended research matches the requirements for the subject Formulate the research question (RQ) Plan the investigation & writing process Plan a research structure (outline) Undertake some preparatory reading Carry out the investigation
A common assessment rubric has been established
Assessment A -- Research Question (2) B -- Introduction (2) C -- Investigation (4) D -- Knowledge and Understanding of the topic studied (4) E – Reasoned Argument (4)
Assessment F – Application of analytical and evaluative skills appropriate to the subject (4) G – Use of Language appropriate to the subject (4) H -- Conclusion (2) I – Formal Presentation (4) J -- Abstract (2) K – Holistic Judgment (4)
How to Write a 4000 word EE... Consult the guide Look at exemplars (on website) Work in the library during free time
Definition of Malpractice Plagiarism The representation of ideas or work of another person as the candidates own Collusion Supporting malpractice by another candidate, as in allowing one’s work to be copied or submitted for assessment by another
Definition of Malpractice Duplication of work The presentation of the same work for different assessment components and/or diploma requirements Any other Behaviour Which gains an unfair advantage for a candidate or which affects the results of another candidate
Research Questions - how to choose Ask yourself what data you might need to answer the question whether you will have access to the data whether you will need to find other sources of data whether there has been any research by others in this area. Do a literature search. what methods you will need to adopt to answer the questions you have in mind. (survey, experiment, study, meta-analysis)
Research Questions - how to choose Start a research journal. Ask questions. Brainstorm and use a graphic organizer.
What makes a good RQ? Good research questions: Match the criteria in the EE guide for the subject being studied Don’t cross subject boundaries Are specific and able to be covered in 4000 words (narrow scope) Do not have obvious answers out there already Are created in collaboration with your supervisor Is not your first thought.. EXPECT TO CHANGE YOUR MIND SEVERAL TIMES BEFORE YOU FINALLY SETTLE ON A TOPIC.
Good research questions Are formulated by the student out of his/her own curiosity or interest Are non-trivial (i.e., substantial, not speculative or too limited in scope, not self-evident) Are sharply-enough focused so that the student can answer it in 4,000 words.
Bad questions ECONOMICS: Does globalization affect Sweden? BIOLOGY: What causes cancer? HISTORY: What would have happened to Turkey if the last Sultans had been more powerful?
More bad questions GEOGRAPHY: Does Istanbul have a central business district?
Good questions ECONOMICS: Is there a connection between international coffee prices and living standards in Uganda? BIOLOGY: The most important impact on the ecology of snails in the Maria Park area. HISTORY: The effects of the establishment of foreign schools on education in Turkey in the 19 th century.
More good questions GEOGRAPHY: How has migration affected land use patterns in XXX province?
Common problems with questions Students discover too late that there is too little data, or data is inaccessible. Bad pacing of the research and writing process
More problems PLAGIARISM The use of the work of other authors (texts, data, creative productions, oral statements OR ideas) without proper acknowledgement, with the effect that it appears to be the plagiarist’s own work or idea.
More problems Over-reliance on web-based sources Students discover too late that their knowledge of the subject is not deep enough.
More problems Ethical issues regarding gathering of data or performing of experiments No contribution by the student – the extended essay is a compilation of information from other sources.
The process of writing a 4000 word essay for the first time. Suggestions for the students... Tackle the EE by breaking it down into small parts.
The Research and Writing Process The success of an extended essay is shaped largely during the preparatory stages.
The Research and Writing Process The iceberg analogy illustrates clearly the importance of the analysis/research/exp erimentation that underpins the completed essay.
The Research and Writing Process Since the initial work is so crucial, consider following the steps in preparing the extended essay.
The Research and Writing Process Title Provide a concise title that clearly indicates the focus of the essay. Do not use your research question or hypothesis as your title.
The Research and Writing Process Abstract An abstract is not an introduction, although there is some overlap. (250 to 300 words) An abstract is a synopsis of the essay. It also sets the tone of the essay.
The Research and Writing Process Table of contents The contents page outlines the main sections with corresponding page numbers. It also indicates the structure of the essay.
The Research and Writing Process Introduction Although not listed as a criterion of assessment, an introduction is an important component of an extended essay.
The Research and Writing Process Body and development This is the longest and most important section.
The Research and Writing Process Conclusion Remember that last impressions are lasting impressions.
The Research and Writing Process Quotations Use quotations judiciously and integrate them smoothly into the text of the essay.
The Research and Writing Process Structure Organization enhances the clarity of your thesis.
The Research and Writing Process Style Write your essay in a style that is clear and smooth and in a tone that is formal and scholarly.
The Research and Writing Process Subheadings/chapters Longer essays in certain subjects, like the sciences, might require section headings.
The Research and Writing Process Documentation Whether you are citing a quotation, an idea, an illustration or Internet information, you must document the source.
The Research and Writing Process Length The most successful essays are in the 3,200 – 3,800 word range. [4000 maximum]
The Research and Writing Process Formal presentation Proofread your essay meticulously from the title page to bibliography.
The Research and Writing Process Appendix All material placed in the appendix must be directly relevant to your thesis.
The Research and Writing Process Technology The computer is simply a tool and its effectiveness as a tool is determined by how you use it.