Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Fortis and lenis – the inside story. fortis lenis PLOSIVES FRICATIVES AFFRICATES.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Fortis and lenis – the inside story. fortis lenis PLOSIVES FRICATIVES AFFRICATES."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fortis and lenis – the inside story

2 fortis lenis PLOSIVES FRICATIVES AFFRICATES

3 FORTISLENIS length voicing strength aspiration glottalization unvoiced often voiced longer shorter strongerweaker not aspirated not glottalized may be glottalized may be aspirated

4 FORTISLENIS voicing unvoiced often voiced initialtodo medialweightylady finalmatemade initialsinkzinc mediallooserloser finalpriceprize

5 FORTISLENIS voicing unvoiced often voiced Particular problems for Icelanders: voicing of final plosives rip – rib, rope – robe, wipe – vibe mat – mad, mate – meid, rote – road leak – league, lock – log, back – bag batch – badge, rich – ridge

6 FORTISLENIS length longer shorter initialtodo medialweightylady finalmatemade initialsinkzinc mediallooserloser finalpriceprize

7 FORTISLENIS Note: there are no long consonants in English as there are in Icelandic Compare: rubber – labour laddy – lady eager – bigger length longer shorter

8 FORTISLENIS strength stronger weaker initialtodo medialweightylady finalmatemade initialsinkzinc mediallooserloser finalpriceprize

9 FORTISLENIS aspiration may be aspirated not aspirated pie buy tie die cave gave

10 FORTISLENIS aspiration may be aspirated not aspirated pie buy spy púa búa spúla

11 FORTISLENIS Particular problems for Icelanders: preaspiration rappa – supper, stopp – stop skvetta – better, matt – Matt - mat rekka – wrecker, lakk - lack fitness, apple, bottle, picnic aspiration may be aspirated not aspirated

12 FORTISLENIS glottalization may be glottalized not glottalized that what shop make match captain

13 FORTISLENIS length voicing strength aspiration glottalization unvoiced often voiced longer shorter strongerweaker not aspirated not glottalized may be glottalized may be aspirated

14 FORTISLENIS voicing unvoiced often voiced aspiration not aspirated may be aspirated

15 English p h b French p b Fortis Lenis PIE BUY PEAU BEAU Icelandic p h p PÆ BÆ

16 English p h p b French Icelandic pæbæ peau beau piebuy

17 pH-sp, tH-st, kH-sk pin pHin tie tHai key kHI spin sty stai ski skI

18 pin penni spin spenni bin benni

19 VOT Voice Onset time

20 release pin penni bin spinspenna, benni labour, grabber ábót, labba rabb, rop rub top topp super, supper lip closure VOT no voicing voicing

21 VOT Voice Onset Time

22

23 bay labour lip closure release labba pay, páll bein no voicing voicing


Download ppt "Fortis and lenis – the inside story. fortis lenis PLOSIVES FRICATIVES AFFRICATES."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google