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Demonstratives In English the demonstratives are used to indicate WHERE SPECIFIC ITEMS ARE IN RELATION TO OURSELVES.

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Presentation on theme: "Demonstratives In English the demonstratives are used to indicate WHERE SPECIFIC ITEMS ARE IN RELATION TO OURSELVES."— Presentation transcript:

1 Demonstratives In English the demonstratives are used to indicate WHERE SPECIFIC ITEMS ARE IN RELATION TO OURSELVES.

2 Which flag? Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns DEMONSTRATE where objects/people are in relation to the speaker. THIS flag.

3 Do you want THIS apple? No, I want THAT apple.

4 In English there are TWO demonstratives. In Spanish there are THREE.

5 Do you want this apple? ¿Quieres esta manzana? No. Do you want that apple? ¿Quieres esa manzana? No. I want that apple over there. Quiero aquella manzana.

6 Let’s review the demonstrative adjectives. A demonstrative adjective always comes BEFORE the noun it modifies.

7 AQUÍALLÍALLÁ SINGULAR THISTHAT (over there) esteeseaquel estaesaaquella THESETHOSE (over there) PLURAL estosesosaquellos estasesasaquellas

8 Do you remember the rhyme? This and These both have “Ts”. este, esta, estas, estos

9 Demonstratives are just like any other adjective and must agree in NUMBER and GENDER.

10 Ejemplos This brand That exit (over there) Those pants Esta marca Aquella salida Esos pantalones

11 Pause for Practice Actividad I

12 1. This salary 2. That classified ad 3. These positions 4. This lifeguard (f) 5. That community center (over there) 6. Those companies 7.That interview 8. Those pilots (over there)(m) 9. That victim (f) 10. Those explosions (over there)

13 Actividad 1 This salary Este salario

14 Actividad 1 That classified ad Ese anuncio clasificado

15 Actividad 1 These positions Estos puestos

16 Actividad 1 This lifeguard (f) Esta salvavida

17 Actividad 1 That community center (over there) Aquel centro de comunidad

18 Actividad 1 Those companies Esas compañías

19 Actividad 1 That interview Esa entrevista

20 Actividad 1 Those pilots (over there) (m) Aquellos pilotos

21 Actividad 1 That victim (f) Esa víctima

22 Actividad 1 Those explosions (over there) Aquellas explosiones

23 Demonstrative Pronouns Demonstrative adjectives can be used as pronouns when the OBJECT HAS BEEN IDENTIFIED ALREADY. To distinguish pronouns from adjectives, they have a written accent.

24 AQUÍALLÍALLÁ SINGULAR THISTHAT (over there) ésteéseaquél éstaésaaquélla THESETHOSE (over there) PLURAL éstosésosaquéllos éstasésasaquéllas

25 Ejemplos These bags and those That jacket and this one Those (clients) over there Estos bolsos y ésos Esa chaqueta y ésta Aquéllos

26 Pause for Practice Actividad II

27 1.This (rock) and that one 2.That portrait and this one 3.These murals and those 4.That mountain range (over there) and these 5.These vitamins and those (over there) 6.That pottery (over there) and this 7.Those matches and these 8.This trophy and that one (over there) 9.These qualities and those 10.Those snacks and those (over there)

28 Actividad 2 This rock and that one Esta roca y ésa

29 Actividad 2 That portrait and this one Ese retrato y éste

30 Actividad 2 These murals and those Estos murales y ésos

31 Actividad 2 That mountain range (over there) and these Aquella sierra y éstas

32 Actividad 2 These vitamins and those (over there) Estas vitaminas y aquéllas

33 Actividad 2 That pottery (over there) and this Aquella cerámica y ésta

34 Actividad 2 Those matches and these Esos fósforos y éstos

35 Actividad 2 This trophy and that one (over there) Este trofeo y aquél

36 Actividad 2 These qualities and those Estas cualidades y ésas

37 Actividad 2 Those snacks and those (over there) Esas meriendas y aquéllas

38 To refer to an IDEA, or SOMETHING THAT HAS NOT BEEN IDENTIFIED, use the neuter demonstrative pronouns. These pronouns do not have an accent mark.

39 AQUÍALLÍALLÁ THISTHAT (over there) estoesoaquello

40 What do you remember? Demonstratives are used to tell… Demonstrative adjectives come _____ the noun they modify. Demonstratives must agree in… What is the clue word for “these”? For “that” For “that (over there)”? When will you use a demonstrative pronoun? When will you use a demonstrative pronoun in neuter from?


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