2 AGENDA RESPONSIBILITIES PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS FEDERAL EMPLOYEES COMPENSATION ACT (FECA)HAZARD ASSESSMENTHAZARD SCANNINGPRACTICAL EXERCISEEXAMINATION(What? No one said there would be an examination!
3 Supervisory and operating personnel who direct AR1.4 ResponsibilitiesSupervisory and operating personnel who director affect the actions of others will--1. Be responsible for accident prevention to the same extent that they are responsible for production or services.2. Maintain a safe and healthful workplace.3. Assure that employees under their supervision observe appropriate safety and occupational health rules and regulations, including the use of protective clothing and equipment [PCE (PPE)] provided for their protection.
4 AR1.4 Responsibilities (cont’d)4. Promptly evaluate and take action as required to correct hazards reported by employees or identified through accident investigation. They will not initiate or support reprisal action against employees who identify hazards, raise safety concerns or engage in authorized safety and occupational health activities.5. Use the risk management process during the planning, preparation for, and execution of all operations for which they are responsible.
5 AR2.2 Operational procedures(5) Use of PCE (PPE) by visitors and transients. For all activities in which official visitors and transients may be potentially exposed to hazards, the host, guide, or area supervisor will conduct a risk assessment of the work location to determine the appropriate protective measures.
6 AR2.2 Operational proceduresIf the host, guide, or area supervisor can reduce the hazard(s) to an acceptable level without requiring the use of PCE (PPE), those measures may be employed (that is, eliminate foot hazards-no safety shoes). However, if it is determined that a safe level of risk cannot be obtained by using these procedures, then the host, guide, or area supervisor will be responsible for providing and assuring the proper use of PCE (PPE) and the official visitors and transients will be required to wear the specified PCE (PPE).
8 Authority AR 385-10, paragraph 1-4.o Supervisory personnel will: Be responsible for accident preventionMaintain safe & healthful workplaceAssure employees observe safety rulesCorrect hazardsUse the risk management process
9 Authority (cont) 29 CFR 1960.9 Subpart B Employees who exercise supervisory functions shall:furnish a place of employment free of hazards...comply with occupational safety and health standards applicable to their agency
10 Responsibilities Job Safety Training Safety Meetings Safety InspectionsAccident ReportingHazard Reporting and AbatementSafety Risk Management
11 Job Safety Training Develop a detailed Employee Safety & Health Record Provide each employee initial trainingProvide annual refresher trainingDocument on Employee Safety & Health RecordUse your ASO or Fire Safety Warden
12 Safety MeetingsIntended to provide continuous safety training - UpdatesRecommended on a monthly basis as a minimumMay be just a few minutes as part of staff meetingValuable whenever equipment/procedures are changed
14 Safety Inspections Monthly inspections are the minimum Maintain record of inspectionUse checklist tailored to your areaDiscrepancies turned in to work order deskInclude tools, equipment, PPE, facilities, and personnel proceduresMake on-the-spot corrections if possible
25 What are hazards? Unsafe Acts Operating without authorityFailure to secure or store materials properlyFailure to signal or warnOperating at unsafe speedsEtc…...
26 What are hazards? Unsafe conditions Lack of training for personnelHazardous arrangement of tools, machines, equipment, supplies, etc.Improper illuminationUnsafe ventilation
27 2. Assess the Hazards (Part of the JHA) Severity - how much damage to the daily mission will result from an occurrence? Ranges from Catastrophic to NegligibleProbability - how likely is an accident from the hazard? Ranges from Frequent to UnlikelyYields a Risk Assessment Code (1-5)
28 Risk Assessment Matrix SEVERITYACCIDENT PROBABILITYA B C D EI - Catastrophic1235II – Critical4III – MarginalIV - Negligible
29 3. Develop Controls/Make Risk Decisions Engineering controls - eliminate hazardEducation controls - trainingPhysical controls - barriers, guards, signsAvoidance - prevent contact with hazardMake risk decision - choose the control or course of action (COA)
30 4. Implement Controls SOP’s Training Performance Standards Operation OrdersMust be converted into clear, simple execution orders understood at all levels
31 5. Supervise and Evaluate Continuous assessment - ensures that subordinates understandConstant supervision - ensures subordinates are complying with implementation of controlsEnforce standards and controls1st
32 Hazard Reporting AR 385-10 - Supervisory responsibility Use DA Forms Notice of Unsafe or Unhealthful Working Condition - for RAC 1 & 2 - post for 3 days or hazard corrected4755- Employee Report of Alleged Unsafe or Unhealthful Working Conditions - to safety - may be anonymous - 10 day response
33 Hazard AbatementDA Form Installation Hazard Abatement Plan - used for all uncorrected violationsUpdates are required when work cannot be completed as anticipatedSupervisor should track all hazards on the Abatement Plan concerning his/her area
34 ConclusionThe entire list of responsibilities may sound rather intimidating. It really isn’t. Most of your responsibilities will become routine.And don’t forget, the Safety Office is available to assist in accomplishing this important mission - Safety!
36 Why Hazard Assessment? 29 CFR Part 1910. Subpart I Increases Awareness of Workplace HazardsProvides opportunity to identify and control workplace hazardsCan lead to increased productivityMay prevent an Occupational Injury or Illness
37 What is PPE?Equipment worn by an employee that is designed to prevent injury or illness from a specific hazard.
38 Before PPE Administrative Controls Engineering Controls Change Work PracticesChange Hazardous DutiesCease Hazardous DutiesEngineering ControlsSound insulationGuardsTools
39 Administrative Changes ! For Example PROCEDUREALTERNATIVEWorking off LadderOil based paintSand blasting in boothJackhammeringGloved handWorking off ScaffoldWater based paintSand blasting in cabinetHole RamHot Sticks
41 Controlling HazardsPPE devices alone should not be relied on to provide protection against hazards, but should be used in conjunction with guards, engineering controls, and sound work practices .
42 Assessment and Selection It is necessary to consider certain general guidelines for assessing the foot, head, eye and face, and hand hazard situations that exist in an occupational operation or process, and to match the protective devices to the particular hazard. It is the responsibility of the supervisor to exercise common sense and appropriate expertise to accomplish these tasks.
43 Assessment Guidelines. Conduct a walk through survey of the areas in question. The purpose of the survey (or field observation) is to identify sources of hazards to workers and co workers.
44 Hazard Sources sources of MOTION sources of EXTREME temperatures types of chemical exposuressources of harmful dustsources of light radiationsources of falling objects or potential for dropping objectssources of sharp objectssources or rolling or pinching objectslayout of workplace and location of co workersany electrical hazards
45 In addition....injury/ accident data should be reviewed to help identify problem areas.
46 Organize dataFollowing the walkthrough survey, it is necessary to organize the data and information for use in the assessment of hazards. The objective is to prepare for an analysis of the hazards in the environment to enable proper selection of protective equipment.
47 Analyze dataHaving gathered and organized data on a workplace, an estimate of the potential for injuries should be made. Each of the basic hazards should be reviewed and a determination made as to the type, level of risk. and seriousness of potential injury from each of the hazards found in the area.The possibility of exposure to several hazards simultaneously should be considered.
48 Selection guidelinesBecome familiar with the potential hazards and the type of protective equipment that is available, and what it can do; i.e.., splash protection, impact protection, etc.Compare the hazards associated with the environment; i.e.., impact velocities, masses, projectile shape, radiation intensities, with the capabilities of the available protective equipment
49 Selection guidelines (cont.) Select the protective equipment which ensures a level of protection greater than the minimum required to protect employees from the hazards.Fit the user with the protective device and give instructions on care and use of the PPE.
50 Selection NoteIt is very important that end users be made aware of all warning labels for and limitations of their PPE
51 Reassessment of hazards It is the responsibility of the supervisor to reassess the workplace hazard situation as necessary, by identifying and evaluating new equipment and processes, reviewing accident records, and reevaluating the suitability of previously selected PPE
54 Job Safety AnalysisThe breaking down into its component parts of any method or procedure to determine the hazards connected with each key step and the requirements for performing it safely.
55 Job Safety Analysis Priorities New JobsSeverity PotentialHistory of Disabling InjuriesFrequency of Accidents
56 Job Safety Analysis Job means “task” (Changing a tire not auto mechanic)“key” stepstoo detailed becomes cumbersomenot enough detail becomes useless
57 Break job down into key steps AVOID!! making the breakdown so detailed That an unnecessarily large number of steps resultsmaking the job breakdown so general that basic steps are not recorded
58 Key Steps TOO MUCH Changing a Flat Tire Pull off roadPut car in “park”Set brakeActivate emergency flashersOpen doorGet out of carWalk to trunkPut key in lockOpen trunkRemove jackRemove Spare tire
59 Key Steps NOT ENOUGH Changing a Flat Tire Park carTake off flat tirePut on spare tireDrive away
60 Key Job Steps JUST RIGHT Changing a Flat tire Park car, set brakeremove jack & tire from trunkloosen log nutsjack up carremove tireset new tirejack down cartighten lug nutsstore tire & jack
61 Hazards Parking Car Removing tire & jack Loosen lug nuts Struck by TrafficRemoving tire & jackBack Strainbang head on trunkLoosen lug nutsback/arm strainslip & fallJacking up carcar could fall off jackSetting new tirefingers pinchedback strainTighten nutsslip & fall
62 Work ObservationSelect experienced worker(s) who will cooperate and participate in the JSA process.Explain purpose of JSAObserve the employee perform the job and write down basic stepsCompletely describe each stepNote deviations (Very Important!)
64 Identify Hazards & Potential Accidents Search for HazardsProduced by WorkProduced by EnvironmentRepeat job observation as many times as necessary to identify all hazards
65 Develop Solutions Find a new way to do job Change physical conditions that create hazardsChange the work procedureReduce frequency
66 New way to do jobDetermine the work goal of the job, and then analyze the various ways of reaching this goal to see which way is safest.Consider work saving tools and equipment.
67 Change in physical conditions Tools, materials, equipment layout or locationStudy change carefully for other benefits (costs, time savings)
68 Change in work procedures What should the worker do to eliminate the hazardHow should it be done?Document changes in detail
69 Reduce frequency What can be done to reduce the frequency of the job?? Identify parts that cause frequent repairs - changeReduce vibration save machine parts
70 What effects??A job that has been redesigned may affect other jobs or work processes.Check or re-observe the new process once it has been redesigned
71 HOW TO REALLY SEE AND RECOGNIZE SAFETY HAZARDS SAFETY SCANNINGHOW TO REALLY SEE ANDRECOGNIZESAFETY HAZARDS
72 SAFETY SCANNING OBJECTIVES TO BECOME EFFECTIVE SAFETY SCANNERSCONSTANTLY BE LOOKING FOR HAZARDSSPOT AND RECOGNIZE HAZARDSTAKE ACTION TO REDUCE OR ELIMINATEUNDERSTAND BASIC HAZARDSSAFETY IS NOT A SPECTATOR SPORT
73 HOW TO RECOGNIZE HAZARDS TRAININGJOB EXPERIENCEFAMILIARITY WITH OPERATIONLACK OF FAMILIARITY WITH AREAUSE OF SAFETY SCANNING SURVEY TECHNIQUE
74 WHAT IS A HAZARD CAUGHT IN OR BETWEEN CONTACT WITH STRUCK BY FALL FROM OR ONTOSLIP OR TRIPWHAT IF?
75 HOW TO SAFETY SCAN SIPDE SCAN BY LOOKING AROUNDIDENTIFY POTENTIAL HAZARDSPREDICT WHAT COULD HAPPENDECIDE IF IT IS A HAZARDEXECUTE NEEDED ACTION
76 BREAK LARGE AREAS INTO SMALL BITE SIZE PIECES CANNOT EAT A WHOLE PIE AT ONCELOOK AT ONE SHOPONE WALL AREA OF SHOPONE PIECE OF EQUIPMENTONE ASPECT OF THAT EQUIPMENT
77 PRACTICE SAFETY SCANNING DEMONSTRATION OF TECHNIQUEREVIEW OF HAZARDS AND PRACTICE OF TECHNIQUEUSING SAFETY SCANNING
78 WHAT TO DO WHEN HAZARDS ARE IDENTIFIED CORRECT YOURSELF OR WRITE WORK ORDERREFER TO SUPERVISOR OR SAFETY DEPARTMENTBRING UP IN SAFETY MEETINGREFER TO SAFETY COMMITTEEREDUCE THE HAZARD UNTIL FIXED
79 ASSIGNMENT FOR CONTINUED PRACTICE MUST PRACTICE TO BE EFFECTIVESTART WITH SMALL AREA AND SHORT TIMEINCREASE AREA AND TIME PRACTICEDGOAL IS TO MAKE IT AUTOMATICREVIEW AT NEXT MEETING