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OSHA and You as a Supervisor Safety Program Objectives ìMoral obligation to PROTECT OUR EMPLOYEES. ìReduce injuries and associated cost. ìComply with.

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Presentation on theme: "OSHA and You as a Supervisor Safety Program Objectives ìMoral obligation to PROTECT OUR EMPLOYEES. ìReduce injuries and associated cost. ìComply with."— Presentation transcript:


2 OSHA and You as a Supervisor

3 Safety Program Objectives ìMoral obligation to PROTECT OUR EMPLOYEES. ìReduce injuries and associated cost. ìComply with safety & health regulations (OSHA, DLES, FDEP) ìAvoid increasing premiums. ìProvide good public image.

4 Six Major Components of a Safety Program pManagement Commitment pWritten Policy and Procedures pWorksite Inspection and Audit Programs pEmployee Training. pAccident Reporting and Investigation. pPerformance Measuring System.

5 Keys to a Successful Employer Safety Program »Management Commitment and Involvement. »Safety Committee. »Safety & Health Training. »First Aid Procedures. »Accident Investigation. »Recordkeeping Procedures. »Safety Rules, Policies, and Procedures.

6 “Why Be Concerned With Accidents?”

7 Occupational Safety & Health Act ñGENERAL DUTY REQUIREMENT [Section 5(A)(1)] “Each employer shall furnish to each of his employees, employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees”

8 Safety Performance Deficiencies èPhysical Deficiencies èPoor eyesight èHearing Impaired èDegenerative Back Condition èGait Problems or Coordination èKnowledge Deficiencies èLacks skills for the job èFails on how to do the job èFails on when to do the job

9 Safety Performance Deficiencies Execution Deficiencies pLack of Feedback when Improperly doing the Job! pFails to Recognize the Balance of Consequences of Behavior! Organizational Deficiencies pLack of Management/Organization Preparation pFailure to Deal with Issues (Complex) pInability to Create/Manage Organizational Change

10 Accident Causation Case Study* Causation çPhysical Deficiency 21% çCondition Deficiency 21% çExecution Deficiency 58% çPersonal çOrganizational Quality of Supervisor Investigation çPoor 55% çFair 27% çGood 18% çThe supervisor is the key to any Safety Program Success ! * Statistics from SFWMD 1994

11 Accident Causation How to Recognize Problems òUNSAFE ACTS (BEHAVIORS) Failure to wear PPE Using defective Tools or Equipment Making Safety Devices Inoperable Working on Moving or Rotating Equipment

12 Accident Causation How to Recognize Problems òUNSAFE CONDITIONS Inadequate Guarding Unsafe Design or Construction Unsafe Illumination or Lighting Hazardous Arrangement

13 Accident Causation How to Recognize Problems þACTS OF GOD (UNEXPLAINED EVENTS) Lightning Strike Natural Disaster

14 Failure to Understand Consequences of Behavior (Organizational Effects) Execution Deficiencies Organization al Culture Failure to Understand Consequences of Act (Personal Effects) Supervisory & Peer Group Response Civil Litigation WC Costs Insurance Premiums Decrease in Productivity Injury, Repairs, Property Damage, Down Time Accident Causation

15 Safety Management [Behavior Based Safety] ýIdentify Critical Behaviors ýMeasurement Through Observation ýPerformance Feedback

16 Organizational Responsibilities ýOrganizational Structure... “Responsible Roles” ýManagement Commitment ýSafety Program Manager ýEmployees SUPERVISOR

17 Management Responsibilities ýCommit funding to the Safety Program. ýAssign a person the authority/accountability for the Safety Program. ýAllow time expenditures for Safety to function. ýCommit to a Safety Policy. ýActively support the Safety Program.

18 Management Support ý“Types of Managerial Support” ýCost Analysis. ýOSHA regulatory compliance. ýEmployer/Labor relations. ýActivities (Safety Awareness Day, Safety Training).

19 Occupational Safety Regulations oFederal OSHA Act - 1970 oNational Fire Codes - State and Local oAmerican National Standards (ANSI) oFederal/State Environmental Regulations

20 Supervisor Responsibilities êImplement Safety Rules and Procedures. êTrain new and existing employees on safety. êInspect for compliance with safe work practices and conditions. êReport all accidents. êDevelop Job Hazard Analysis for each operational task(s). êDetermine if employees are capable of operating equipment or machinery safely. êHold safety meetings with their Sections. êDiscuss safety with each individual employee including receiving complaints and or concerns.

21 Safety Policies, Procedures, & Rules þEstablishes standardized Rules & Procedures (Good Policy establishes the Department and District philosophies and expectation for safe practices and conditions.) þIdentifies responsibility and accountability (Who is responsible for what action or task.) þEstablishes a clear, concise message to employees (It makes it easier for employees to follow the rules.) þEstablishes consequences for non-compliance (Good policy allows for easier enforcement of safe rules and practices.)

22 Hazard Identification and Analysis þFacility, Equipment, & Operation Inspections þJob Hazard Analysis þPreventative Maintenance þIndustrial Hygiene Evaluations þMedical Monitoring þSafety Audits þForeseeability of Use þProbability of Harm or Injury þWho are the Users of this Area, Task, or Operation þIdentification of the Obvious Dangers þIdentification of the Hidden Dangers þIdentify Standards Pertinent to Hazards þDetermine the Magnitude of the Risk þFrequency of Use

23 Job Safety Analysis àSelect the Job to be analyzed àBreak the Job down into successive steps àIdentify the hazards and potential accidents àDevelop ways to eliminate the hazards and prevent potential accidents Selection of Jobs to be analyzed àEstablish a timetable àChecking progress àProviding guidance àReviewing JSAs àApproval of JSAs àDistribution of JSAs Basic Steps of JSAManagement Guidance

24 Types of Hazard Control Programs þDeveloping written Standard Operating (Safety) Procedures þEngineering Hazard Control into design (#1 method to minimize accidents) þDeveloping employee training programs to recognize and to avoid the hazard þChemical substitution of less hazardous product þErgonomic design of matching the person to the task þPurchasing products and equipment to avoid hazards þJob rotation to avoid prolong exposures or related trauma

25 Safety Training Programs TRAINING - Who Should Receive Safety Training þNew employees þTransfer employees þHazardous Operations þProblematic employees Conducting Safety Training þExplain the Task and Hazards þShow HOW TO DO the job correctly þHave the employee demonstrate the task þProvide FEEDBACK and CORRECTIVE MEASURES

26 OSHA Mandatory Training Requirements  1910.38 “Employee Emergency Plans and Fire Prevention  1910.120 “Hazardous Waste Operations/Emergency Response  1910.134 (1926.103) “Respiratory Protection”  1910.151 “Medical Service and First Aid”  1910.1000 “Toxic Materials”  1910.1200 “Hazard Communications”  1926.21 “Safety Training and Education”  1926.58 “Asbestos”

27 Safety Performance Measurement Systems þIncident Rates (Accountable Cases/Loss time injury) þExperience Modification Rating (Worker’s Compensation) þCost per WC Claim for each accident type þTotal WC cost for the District þTotal number of Safety Inspections þTotal number of contact Safety Training Hours

28 Closing Summary òClear Policy on Employee Safety òEstablishment of a Safety and Risk Management Program òAppointment of a Safety Program Coordinator with the authority and responsibility òEnsure adequate funding and resources are available òUnderstand duties, liabilities, and exposures under safety laws and regulations òPerform safety and health audits for hazard identification and control òEstablish a worker safety program which fosters an active participation from employees

29 Safety Program Implementation Think Safety And It Will Become Habit “At the Top!”

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