3 Canterbury EQ – Sept 2010 No fatalities Roads damaged Power out to 75% of ChristchurchWater pipes broke where liquefactionSewer system out in some places for 6 weeks40,000 of 160,000 buildings need repairMore than 500 homes must be rebuiltThousands of properties must be re-surveyed
5 Christchurch EQ – Feb 2011 172+ Fatalities Central Business District still closed100,000 homes damaged; 10,000 require demolition450 mobile homes on sites across cityPlan for 500 modular homesSome areas may be abandoned due to land damageResidents offered relocation under insurance
6 Comprehensive Emergency Management Level of EffortEventBusiness ContinuityBusiness as UsualShort-Term RecoveryResponseLocal Gov RecoveryPreparednessAssess RisksCommunity RecoveryMitigationTime
7 Physical Effects Damage to Buildings Loss of infrastructure Altered landscapesEnvironmental contamination
8 Social Effects Stress Focus on short-term family objectives Delay of community social programsWidening gaps in economic classes
9 Economic Effects Loss of businesses Loss of jobs Reduced cash flow Ripple effects
10 Community Recovery Defined Coordinated actions to limit losses, reduce suffering, and restore the psycho-social and economic viability of the community.
11 What Are the Recovery Objectives? Return things as they were? = return to risksHelp those in need? = Needs differAssist in rebuilding? = Some move awaySupport local authority? = Tax base
12 Short-Term RecoveryAllow those affected access to their homes and businessesFacilitate salvageRemove debrisEncourage those affected to tell their storiesQuickly provide some infrastructureSupport local businesses
13 No Single Organization Can Do it All Not those affectedNot those unaffectedNot the local govtNot the provinceNot the NGOsNot the businessesNot the institutionsIt takes them all
14 Volunteers in Recovery Disasters generate an outpouring of altruismVolunteers can significantly influence the timeliness and success of recoveryAble to provide services that organizations cannotThey will come, so we better be ready
15 Management of Volunteers Neighbours helping neighbours can build strong community bondsUnless volunteers are properly managed, they can complicate recovery efforts.Volunteer management should be assigned to skilled recovery staff
16 Volunteers in State of Florida Florida Tornado, 19983,100 vols helped clean up over several weeksEstimate for professional cleanup: = $8 millionThe actual cost: = $1.4 million due to volunteersVolunteers shortened cleanup time from 90 days to about 55 days
18 ジャパン・タイムズ取材の関連記事Japan EQ-Tsunami, 2011Japan Cat Network is a registered non-profit organization dedicated to trap, neuter and return (TNR) as a means of helping Japan’s stray and abandoned cat population.
33 Comprehensive Emergency Management Level of EffortEventBusiness as UsualBusiness ContinuityLong-Term RecoveryResponseLocal Gov RecoveryPreparednessAssess RisksCommunity RecoveryMitigationTime
34 Long-Term RecoveryReconstruct, replace homes, businesses and infrastructureSupport those who decide to move elsewhereBuild Back BetterMitigate Hazards – Land useEnhance Environmental QualitySecure Energy SourcesEnhance Local Economic VitalityEnhance Community Quality of LifePromote local economy
35 Individual Ability to Recover Differs Individual, family, and community recovery is influenced by social and economic conditions.
36 Volunteers Can Help With Long-Term Recovery… AdvocacyChild CareCommunicationConstruction, RepairElder CareFunds ManagementGoods ManagementHousing RelocationLegal ServicesMass Care Long TermMitigation PlanningMobile FeedingRebuildingSpiritual CareTrainingTransportation
37 Volunteers in New Orleans - 2011 Volunteer Projects Still Underway 5 years after KatrinaReconstruction of homesSports fields for schoolsPark landscapingTool Lending Library
38 Canberra Wildfire“…Volunteering helped community members transform their feelings of being victims into ones of empowerment, thereby creating a positive basis for long term recovery.”January …4 people died, 3 people were treated for serious burns at the Royal North Shore Hospital, 49 people admitted to ACT hospitals and 440 people received outpatient care. 488 houses were destroyed in both urban and rural
40 Fairfax County, Virginia Volunteer Mobilization Team – To Organize and Deploy VolunteersClear debrisDistribute water and blanketsAnswer county hotline phonesDistribute food and waterServe as a project coordinatorAssist case management agencies
41 Mitigation may be defined as... Actions taken before the next disaster to automatically reduce:The chance of damage, and/orThe adverse consequencesCould be called Prevention, Loss Reduction, Risk Management, other…
42 Mitigation Windows During Initial Construction During Planned ReconstructionRetrofitting for MitigationReconstruction Following Disaster (Recovery Phase)
43 Hurricane Protection - Florida Students helped elderly residents by installing hurricane shutters, roof protectionLocal business partners included Home Depot and Southeast Metal Corp., provided instruction and materials
44 Flood Mitigation - Maryland Local Government and many private-sector organizations such as American Trust Bank, CSX Transportation, Lowe's Home CenterVolunteers and professional contractors raised major appliances to prevent damage from floodsIn the homes of elderly and low-income residents of the county.
45 Earthquake Protection – Oakland Students spent Spring Break helping residents in 300 housing unitsWeather-proofed doors and windowsStrapped water heaters to wallsSecured heavy objects so they would not block exits or cause injuriesBusiness partners included Home Depot
46 Activity: Think TankDiscuss the Questions on Long-Term Recovery for Your TableYou will have 30 minutesSelect a SpokespersonWill have 3 minutes to summarize key points