Presentation on theme: "WrapEd – YOUTH GANG PREVENTION"— Presentation transcript:
1WrapEd – YOUTH GANG PREVENTION PRESENTATION TO THE ALBERTA COMMUNITY CRIME PREVENTION ASSOCIATION – NOVEMBER 25, 2014LIZ LACIKA – EDMONTON JOHN HOWARDJAN FOX –REACH EDMONTON
2WRAP EDWRAPED IS A PARNTERSHIP OF COMMUNITY BASED ORGANIZATIONS, MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT, SCHOOL BOARDS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT THAT CAME TOGETHER TO APPLY FOR FUNDING FROM THE NATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION CENTER FOR A YOUTH GANG INITIAIVE
3OUR PARTNERS EDMONTON JOHN HOWARD SOCIETY THE AFRICA CENTER YOUCAN YOUTH SERVICESNATIVE COUNSELLING SERVICES OF ALBERTAEDMONTON POLICE SERVICESTRADITIONALLY ALL WOULD APPLY SEPERATELY – AND LEARNED ALL PLANNED TOSCANNED ENVIRONMENT FOR WHO WORKED WITH YOUTH AND INVITED THEM TO THE TABLETOOK A LEAP OF FAITHEVALUATION AT THE OUTSETPROCESS EVALUATIONLIZ WILL DESCRIBE THE EXPERIENCE OF COMING TOGETHER AS A KEY PARTNERREACH PLAYED THE ROLE AS BACKBONE BECAUSE WE ARE NOT SERVICE DELIVERY
4REACH EDMONTONWORKS AS A CATALYST, ENGAGING PARTNERS TO WORK COLLABORATIVELY TO MAKE EDMONTON A SAFER CITYIS A BACKBONE ORGANIZATIONHAS COLLECTIVE IMPACT
5WHAT IS COLLECTIVE IMPACT? 5 CONDITIONS FOR SUCCESSCOMMON AGENDASHARED MEASUREMENTMUTUALLY REINFORCING ACTIVITIESCONTINUOUS COMMUNICATIONBACKBONE SUPPORT
6A BACKBONE ….THE VALUE…STRENGTHEN EXISTING PROGRAMS, IDENTIFY GAPS AND LAUNCH NEW INITIATIVESENPOWER GROUPS AND AGENCIES
7WHY IT MATTERS EXPECTED BACKBONE OBJECTIVES PARTNERS ALIGN WITH A COMMON AGENDAPARTNERS COLLABORATIVELY DEVELOP NEW APPROACHESCOMMUNITY MEMBERS FEEL EMPOWERED TO TAKE ACTIONPOLICY CHANGES OCCURSYSTEMS CHANGEPHILANTROPIC AND PUBLIC FUNDS INCREASINGLY SUPPORTIVE
8A CASE STUDY… THE COST OF COLLABORATION TOOL DESIGNED TO HELP PARTNERSHIPS, FUNDERS AND POLICY MAKERS TO REALIZE THE FULL POTENTIAL OF COLLABORATION WHEN ADDRESSING COMPLEX SOCIAL ISSUEUNDERSTAND HOW COLLABORATION WORKS AND WHAT SUCCESSFUL COLLABORATION ISASSESS HOW WELL THEIR COLLABORATION WORKSIDENTIFY AREAS FOR IMPROVEMENT
9EVALUATION AT THE OUTSET ENVIRONMENTAL SCAN TO DETERMINE WHO SHOULD BE INVOLVEDRIGOUROUS EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS PROMPTED REACH TO INVEST UPFRONTEMBARKED UPON THIS PROCESS EVALUATION TO DOCUMENT TRUECOSTSSOME LIMITATIONS TO THE TOOLS USED SO ALSO CONDUCTED CASE STUDY (CHRONOLOGY)51k – 60k WITH IN KIND
10THE RESULTSCONTRIBUTION OF BACKBONE ORGANIZATION ESSENTIAL DUE TO RIGOUROUS EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS AND APPLICATION PROCESS (38k)IMPORTANCE OF SHARED DECISION MAKINGDEEPER UNDERSTANDING OF EACH OTHER’S WORKENHANCED ABILITY TO ADDRESS IMPORTANT ISSUES
11RESULTS (CONTINUED) DEVELOPED NEW SKILLS INCREASED PUBLIC PROFILE ABILITY TO INFLUENCE PUBLIC POLICYENHANCED ABILITY TO MEET CLIENT NEEDS
12DRAWBACKS DIVERSION OF TIME FROM OTHER DUTIES FRUSTRATION MANDATE CONFLICTWEAKER LINKINSUFFICIENT INFLUENCE IN PARTNERSHIP ACTIVITIESINSUFFICIENT RECOGNITION GIVENBENEFITS EXCEEDED DRAWBACKS
14Wrap ED is a first in Canada We’ve created a partnership in Edmonton to develop a new, intentional approach to move youth people who are affected by violent crime away from the threat of gangs.Through offering integrated services, Wrap ED partners will help these young people learn how to thrive in our community.Wrap ED Clients will work with support workers, family and community members, choosing the supports each needs to help them live out of harms way and move forward in their life.Edmonton has been selected by the Federal Government for 5 years of fundingIt’s all based on relationships – with each other and the teens we serve.
15The Foundation Wrap ED: Wrap = wraparound, Ed = Edmonton The wraparound approach was selected because:It reflects the diversity of the collaborationIt allows for a strength-base approach for the youth AND organizations involvedEveryone will be able to bring their knowledge, cultural awareness, and strengths to the project for the benefit of the youthIt is well developed and proven to be effective in numerous communitiesIt is conducive with a trauma informed approach (focuses on understanding the whole individual and appreciates the context in which that youth is living their life)It allows the project to focus on the individual, putting the client in the centre of the roomWrap ED will be based on the Ten Principles of the Wraparound Process:Family voice and choiceCollaborationPersistenceStrength BasedCommunity-basedOutcome basedCulturally CompetentTeam basedIndividualizedNatural supports
16Wrap Ed Is a new model focused on collective impact Each organization brings there own expertiseOur work is intentional: ie training together, weekly meetingsOutcomes focused , so we know exactly what we’ve learned, defining the collective impact we’ve madeIt give agencies a framework to:create a common agendashared measurement systemcontinuous communicationa progressive approach to overcome funding barriers (instead of competing against each other for funding we came together for the same funding)
17Wrap Ed TimelineEarly March, 2012: Initial meetings to gauge interest in a collaborative submission to the NCPC’s YGPF call for LOIs.Late March, 2012: Meeting with core partners to begin development of the Letter of IntentApril 5, 2012: LOI submittedJune 5, 2012: Learned that Wrap Ed was one of 14 projects from across Canada selected among 168 letters of intent to be developed into full project proposals.June 12 – 14, 2012: YGPF Proposal Development training hosted by NCPC in Toronto, attended by Holly Miller (on behalf of the collaborative) and Gene Chan (as evaluation support)September 21, 2012: Submission of the full Wrap Ed project proposal, the only proposal to be submitted on time from this YGPF cohort.June, 2013: Wrap Ed proposal approved for funding, partners rejoiceApproximately 15 months from beginning to end of the process to apply for funding
18Partnerships Edmonton John Howard Society At Edmonton John Howard Society, we serve young people without support systems, people impacted by family violence, and men and women at risk or involved with the justice system. All find a warm welcome and the help they need to discover hope in their lives. We also work to build understanding about the causes and consequences of crime and to prevent crime in our communities through public education.At Edmonton John Howard Society, we offer hope and opportunities through a variety of practical services and innovative programs:Housing and help finding housingHelp finding employmentHelp finding other community servicesSupportive servicesAnger management coursesPublic Legal Education programs for schools and community groupsCourses at the New Edmonton Remand CentreHousing for youth experiencing homelessnessServices for individuals involved in domestic violence
19YOUCAN (Youth Organizing to Understand Conflict and Advocate Non‐Violence) Youth Services Is a non‐profit charitable organization dedicated to empowering and building a culture of peace among today’s youth.We assist young people in developing the skills needed to move out of harm’s way, transition into employment or back into education, reduce youth violence and participate actively in youth issues.Our mission is to equip youth to engage and inspire others to peacefully resolve conflicts and develop healthy relationships in their communities.
20African CenterTo promote early learning to African-Canadian families and offer educational opportunities to pre-school children.To provide educational opportunities and support to African-Canadian school-aged children to help them succeed in the Canadian school system.To educate and empower African-Canadian women, youth, seniors and others to help them integrate into Canadian society.To educate and increase the Canadian public's understanding of and appreciation for African culture.To educate African-Canadians about the Canadian political process in order to encourage respect for and participation in the democratic process in Canada.
21Native Counselling Services of Alberta Mission is to contribute to the holistic development and wellness of the Aboriginal individual, family and community.By respecting differences, we aim to promote the fair and equitable treatment of Aboriginal people and advocate for the future development of our partners.By developing and maintaining strong partnerships and honouring our relationships, we are committed to evolving proactively with our changing environment.We will continue to strategically plan and deliver culturally sensitive programs and community education through accountable resource management.
23Target Group Youth who feel society has turned its back on them They may be homeless, experienced trauma, often living in povertyThey struggle with every system they interact withYouth between 12 and 17 years of age60 youth will engaged per cohort, 3 cohorts, total of 180 youth potentially participating over 5 yearsThe partnership anticipates that:Aboriginal and immigrant/refugee youth that present criminological behaviours linked with gang activity that have experience trauma will make up the majority of youth in the programSome type of contact with police and the justice system will have taken place, as offenders or as victimsLow school attendance, or will not be attending at allLow attachment to familyFew cultural tiesCo-occuring issues (addiction, mental health, violence, homelessness)High number of female participantsSecondary beneficiaries of the project will be the families of the youth participants
24Referrals Referrals (approx. 3 months) WrapEd partnership will develop a community referral form, to be made available to community agencies, schools, probation, etc. It is anticipated that WrapEd partners will refer youth that are currently attending other programming that they offerOnce the referral is received, the IMR-08 Vulnerable Persons Risk Matrix will be applied to provide insight into the level of vulnerability of the youth based on police dataThe IMR-08 risk factors include mental illness, medical distress, substance abuse, involvement in sexual exploitation, previous history of eloped/missing persons, previous history of attempted suicides, victim offender overlap and violent crime victimizationDo we want to apply the IMR-08 now or during Intake/Assessment?Referrals
25Assessment/Intake/Relationship Building Assessment/Intake/Relationship Building (4-5 months)An assessment tool will be applied through a collective process with the Project Manager and the project staffThe assessment tool has not yet been selected – partnership wanted the Project Manager to be involved in the selection processAn evaluation of where the youth falls on the trauma spectrum will form part of the assessment processIf the youth is eligible and agrees to participate, an intake form will be completedEvery effort will be made to match the youth with a program staff person that is the best fit for the youthYouth must feel comfortable with this personThis person will lead that youth’s wraparound planCreates the highest likelihood of a long term relationship and highest probability of engagementRelationships are key to this project – which is why a significant amount of time is dedicated to this initial relationship building stageIf a youth is eligible to participate, but unwilling to participate in programming, they will be offered the opportunity to participate in the control group, with gift cards offered as incentives and an open invitation to participate in a future cohort.
26Programming Formal Programming (12 months) Difficult to describe in detail, as each youth will have different needs which will be responded to through the wraparound approachSome of the elements that may be incorporated into a youth’s wraparound plan include:Youth Outreach & Engagement: Going to where the youth is, identifying needs, assisting with immediate needs, etc.Youth Assessments: Completing assessments to gain a clearer image of the youth’s challenges and needsCultural Teachings: With support of elders, reconnecting youth to their culture as desired/appropriateAddressing Identity: Helping youth to discovery and be proud of who they are, building self-esteem, helping them to feel like part of a positive community (rather than identifying with a gang)Conflict Resolution & Mediation: Giving youth tools to resolve conflict in healthy, non-violent ways. Assistance to resolve existing conflictSystems Navigation & Advocacy: Helping youth access services, deal with existing legal issues, etc.Trauma Counseling: Where appropriate, provide access to trauma specialists
27Formal Programming (continued) More elements of wraparound programmingAddictions Treatment: Helping the youth to access addictions services as requiredAcademic Support: Assist youth to access education (re-integration at school, distance education, training)Recreation Activities: Helping youth discover their passions and hobbies, engaging them in positive activitiesMentorship: Connecting youth with positive role modelsEmployment Support: Connecting with employment/career servicesVolunteerism: Encouraging youth to give back to their communities in positive ways by volunteeringLeadership Training: Empowering youth to become leaders among their peers and communities, gain leadership skillsAs required, programming will be delivered in culturally appropriate waysPositive existing networks will be incorporated into the youth’s wraparound case planWrapEd staff will work together to access required services, although one staff person will be the lead
28Transition Plan Community Transition Period (approx. 4 months) Youth will begin to transition out of the formal programYouth will turn to using existing supports in the communityPositive peer and community connections are reinforced during this time
29Training Reclaiming Youth Feb 11, 2012 Colors Training Feb 14 Pre-Migration Trauma Feb 19Literacy’s Impact on Crime and Youth Feb 20Y50 List Training Feb 21Working with High Risk Youth Feb 24Gang Awareness March 3Crisis Intervention March 6YCJA March 6Understand Identity Across Culture March 7Wrap ED Retreat March 11 – 13Circle Training March 17, 18Trauma Training March 19Working with Probation Officers March 24Tour of EYOC March 26Truth and Reconciliation March 27 – 30Sweat Lodge Ceremony April 1Historical Trauma April 2Mental Health First Aid April 3 – 4Family Violence in a Cultural Context April 7Wrap Around Training April
30Challenges Hiring the right staff, already had three staff changes Staff for EJHS were hired in January 2014We did not get any youth till the end of April 2014Too much training in the beginningBudget restrictions, ie:$ per youth but can only use $50.00 at a time, budget will pay for youth dinner but not staffNeed clear communication among partnersGetting appropriate youthProgram starting with no data base/will have to back logProgram starting without proper intake forms/meet data baseStrict budgetMaintaining individual agencies identities
31Successes The freedom to meet youth where they are at Flexible hours Individual self identified goal planningThe diversity of the partnersExcellent support for youth workersJust about at capacity with youthData base is just about doneLower caseloads will make it easier to develop positive relationships and trustUltimately……….A decrease in gang membership and violent crimeYoung people and their families will be living with hopeRecognition that collective impact works
32Evaluation Process Efforts to Outcomes (ETO) - Touchpoints Information from the evaluations will support formal reporting to NCPC – Project Manager Reports (PMR) twice per year, Annual Evaluation Report, and a Final Project Report. More importantly, it will support the project’s quality improvement process.. Program reach2. Program infrastructure3. Program delivery4. Partnership5. Challenges / Lessons Learned / Opportunities6. Sustainability
33Overview of Youth Worker Data Collection - ASSESSMENT BackgroundThe timing of intake and assessment are based on the evaluation group’s knowledge of typical client interactions. This practice-based evidence indicates that youth typically feel comfortable talking about some of their concerns with their Youth Worker within 5 contacts. By 15 contacts, youth trust the Youth Worker enough to share more sensitive concerns.AssessmentCollection of all of the following information occurs within 15 contacts of the youth being referred to WrapEd. By this time, the youth should feel comfortable talking with the Youth Worker and sharing this type of information.The following methods will be used: Structured conversationsMonthly tracking based on Youth Worker observations and ongoing conversationsMonthly Youth Worker reflection notes, to be used to guide occasional reflective conversations with the evaluation teamYouth Worker Action Plan data that is relevant to the evaluation
34Structured Conversations Youth Workers use the exact words and scale responses in the questions to complete Structured Conversations with youthThe questions need to be asked in the same orderResiliencyHopefulnessSense of control over lifeSchool /Education attitudesCultureCulture Fist Nations, Métis or InuitGoal attainmentThe relationship between the Youth Worker and youth may be ready for these types of questions when youth:Bring up their issues or concern with the Youth Worker (rather than Youth Worker starting the conversation)Follow-up on agreed-upon actions between meetingsDo not ignore the Youth WorkerYouth Workers will repeat some of these structured conversations later in the program, such as at program exit, mid-point (in some cases) and follow-up.Paper surveys will initially be used, but ultimately the data will be entered in ETO
35Monthly Tracking:Youth Workers record observations and key points from their ongoing conversations with each youth on their caseload in Monthly TrackingYouth Workers will track the data on the last week of every month, starting at AssessmentYouth Workers will track this data separately for each youthReflective Group Conversations (with evaluators)Youth Workers will participate in Reflective Group Conversations with the evaluatorsYouth Workers will keep monthly notes, starting at Assessment, about the topic area in response to the reflective questionsThe information is not specifically about individual youth. It is an overall reflection on what changes are/are not happening with youth. Reflections should include successes/progress and barriers/challengesYouth Workers will discuss their monthly notes with their Supervisor during monthly supervisionYouth Workers will bring their monthly notes to the Reflective ConversationsAction Plans:Information from some areas of the Action Plans that Youth Workers create with youth will also inform the evaluation