Presentation on theme: "What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July? Introducing the Speech"— Presentation transcript:
1 What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July? Introducing the Speech Speech by Frederick DouglassIntroducing the SpeechwithLiterary Analysis: SpeechReading Skill: Evaluate EvidenceVocabulary in ContextVIDEO TRAILER
2 What does INDEPENDENCE mean to you? INTRODUCING THE SPEECHWhat does INDEPENDENCE mean to you?In the United States, we celebrate Independence Day on the 4th of July every year.The holiday commemorates our independence from England and the birth of our nation.But what does independence mean to you?
3 What does INDEPENDENCE mean to you? INTRODUCING THE SPEECHWhat does INDEPENDENCE mean to you?LIST ITWith a group, discuss what being independent means to students your age.Make a list of the things you can do or the ideas you can hold as an independent person.For example, perhaps to you independence means being able to choose your own friends or listen to music your parents might not enjoy.
4 What does INDEPENDENCE mean to you? INTRODUCING THE SPEECHWhat does INDEPENDENCE mean to you?Maybe it means conquering a skill all on your own.Then consider what independence means in the larger sense—what does it mean to be free?
5 What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July? Click on the title to play the trailer.What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?
6 SpeechA speech is a talk or public address in which the speaker presents proposals, beliefs, or ideas.In speeches, you will often encounter rhetorical questions—questions that do not require a reply.Would you have me argue that man is entitled to liberty? That he is the rightful owner of his own body?—Frederick DouglassThe blessings in which you this day rejoice, are not enjoyed in common.—Frederick DouglassSpeech writers use these to prompt listeners to think about an issue or to suggest that the answer is obvious.
7 SpeechAs you read the following speech, notice how Frederick Douglass uses rhetorical questions and other rhetorical devices to stress his ideas.
8 Evaluate EvidenceTo evaluate an argument, you need to understand the writer’s claim and the evidence that supports it.CLAIM: The Fugitive Slave Law makes mercy to [escaped slaves] a crime and bribes the judge who tries them.EVIDENCE: An American judge gets ten dollars for every victim he consigns to slavery —Frederick DouglassFugitives on the Underground RRDistinguishing between a factual claim and a commonplace assertion will help you determine whether the evidence is adequate.
9 Evaluate EvidenceFactual claims are statements that can be proved by observation, an expert, or other reliable sources. They should not be accepted without evidence to back them up.Students who clean their own school are less likely to litter or to vandalize school property.Opinions are statements of personal belief, feeling, or thoughts, which do not require proof.It’s wrong to make students clean the school.
10 Evaluate EvidenceCommonplace assertions are statements that many people assume to be true but are not necessarily so. Generalizations about life or human nature often fall into this category.One bad apple can spoil the bunch.
11 Evaluate EvidenceAs you read Douglass’s speech, note examples of factual claims, commonplace assertions, and opinions. Then decide whether he provides enough evidence to be convincing.Factual ClaimsCommonplace AssertionsOpinionsSlaves are men.
12 disparity entitled fraud grievousprosperityshamIn your Reader/Writer Notebook, write a sentence for each of the vocabulary words in the box on the right. Use a dictionary or the definitions on the following slide to help you.Sample sentence:1. Douglass gives examples of the disparity between the rights of enslaved and free Americans.
13 disparity n. the condition or fact of being unequal; difference entitled v. given the right to have or do somethingfraud n. a deception deliberately practiced to secure unfair or unlawful gain; a trickgrievous adj. causing grief, pain, or anguishprosperity n. the condition of having success; flourishingsham n. something false or empty that is presented as genuine; fake