Presentation on theme: "Industrialization 1865-1900 Describe the economic and political factors that made the U.S. the world’s leading industrial nation by the early 1900s. Essential."— Presentation transcript:
Industrialization Describe the economic and political factors that made the U.S. the world’s leading industrial nation by the early 1900s. Essential Question:
Great Britain initially tried to keep industrial technology a secret by restricting the flow of machines and skilled workers to other countries. In 1789, industrial spinner Samuel Slater emigrated to the U.S. disguised as a farmer. Using Great Britain as a model, western Europe and the U.S. began rapid industrialization.
Natural Resources Homestead Act of 1862: Gov. gave away 160-acre plots to farmers and ranchers. Natural Resources and Industrial Centers in the 1920s Natural Resources and Industrial Centers in the 1920s
Railroads Gov. provided free land to railroad companies.Gov. provided free land to railroad companies.
Large Workforce Roughly 20 million immigrants arrived in the second half of the 1800s. Both workers and consumers. Both workers and consumers.
Capitalism (a.k.a. Free enterprise/market) : economic system in which individuals, not the government, own and operate businesses to make a profit.
Laissez-Faire: a policy of allowing business to run without government interference. (Don’t Touch) Let supply and demand operate freely. Let supply and demand operate freely.
Adam Smith (Father of Capitalism) Individual self-interest (greed) adds up to the common good. Competition creates the best goods at the lowest prices. The profit motive encourages efficient production.
How would mass production affect productivity & profits? Automated mass production increases productivity & profits while lowering prices.
The Corporation Many investors raise large amounts of money and spread out financial risk. Legally considered one person.
Has industrial capitalism benefited society? Let’s take a look at a few industrial revolution inventions.
Thomas Edison invented the incandescent light bulb in the 1870s, making electric lighting cheap and accessible.
Alexander Gram Bell invented the telephone in 1876.
Henry Ford’s assembly line mass production of the Model T made cars available and affordable (1913).
Industrial Capitalist Society Higher standards of living Cheaper goods Cheaper goods Upward social mobility Less rigid social structure Less rigid social structure Urbanization: growth of cities
Questions and Summary On your own. I believe in you. Keep in mind, Michael Jordan got cut from his high school basketball team. There’s no “i” in Irving. Be yourself. If they don’t like you, then they’re not good friends anyway.
Technology Timeline ELT: Investigate the historical development of and impact of major scientific and technological innovations. Create a flowchart showing the evolution of a technology of your choice. Your flowchart should include: At least 3-4 stages in the evolution of your gadget represented by a picture and a date. At least 3-4 stages in the evolution of your gadget represented by a picture and a date. Verbally explain the significance of the innovations on your timeline (Your selection process). Verbally explain the significance of the innovations on your timeline (Your selection process). Works Cited (website where you got most of your facts/dates.) Works Cited (website where you got most of your facts/dates.) Extra Credit!!!: Include a final image showing the technology in 100 years. Extra Credit!!!: Include a final image showing the technology in 100 years.
Assignment Essential Learning Target: Analyze the role of government within different economies. Topics to include but not limited to command socialism, communism, and market capitalism. Let’s read the economic philosophy behind industry and big business. Adam Smith’s The Wealth of Nations Adam Smith’s The Wealth of Nations
Socialism and the Working Class Essential Question Describe how wealth disparities and the plight of the working class led some to question capitalism.
A textile mill in Macon, Georgia circa 1909.
The Working Class Industry led many to urban poverty. Capitalist competition led to long hours, low wages, and dangerous working conditions. Child Labor Child Labor Rigid bell schedules Rigid bell schedules
A tenement in New York, Often, entire working-class families would share this one room.
What’s the meaning of this political cartoon?
Formed labor unions for collective bargaining. Strikes Strikes
Socialism : economic theory stating that the businesses should be publicly owned and wealth distributed equally among all. Replace competition with cooperation. Replace competition with cooperation.
Karl Marx History advances through stages of economic class conflict. In the last stage, workers (proletariat) will overthrow owners (bourgeoisie) and create communism/socialism. 1. Slaves v. Masters 2. Peasants v. Lords 3. Workers v. Owners 4. Communism
Without private property, social classes and government will vanish. Believed econ. determines human nature. Governing Principle: “From each according to his ability, to each according to his need.”
Labor Unrest in the 1800s Using Glogster, created a poster describing a labor dispute. Include the following: A paragraph describing the causes, events, and effects of the dispute. A paragraph describing the causes, events, and effects of the dispute. A map showing where it took place. A map showing where it took place. 2-3 primary source pictures, quotes, etc. 2-3 primary source pictures, quotes, etc. Awesome Glogster effects. Awesome Glogster effects.
Assignment Essential Learning Target: Give examples of how philosophical beliefs have influenced society. Industrial Life created new ways to think about the world. Let’s read Marx’s Communist Manifesto. Let’s read Marx’s Communist Manifesto.
Works Cited Alexander Graham Bell at the opening of the long-distance line from New York to Chicago Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Web. Web. 4 Jan Ann, Kythera. Gold Animated Peace Sign Crystal Cloud Graphics. Web. Web. 4 Jan Chaplin, Ralph. One Big Union Private collection. Web. Web. 4 Jan Groening, Matt. Bender Private collection. Web. Web. 3 Jan Hine, Lewis W. Mill Children in Macon Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. Web. Web. 4 Jan In New York, officials investigate a squalid tenement, Private collection. Web. Web. 4 Jan I.W.W. Logo Join the One Big Union University of California Regents, Berkeley. Web. Web. 4 Jan Karl Marx V Private collection. Web. Web. 4 Jan Karl Marx. Private collection. Web. Web. 4 Jan Kuik, Ted. Busy Factory CoolNotions.com. Web. Web. 3 Jan Kuik, Ted. Laser Blasting Hole in Metal Cylinder CoolNotions.com. Web. Web. 3 Jan Kuik, Ted. Metal Cylinder Being Stamped CoolNotions.com. Web. Web. 3 Jan MC Hammer Private collection. Web. Web. 4 Jan Oil Barrel Squeezing Earth. N.d. Graphic. n.p. Web. 30 Nov Old Phones. N.d. Photograph. Old PhonesWeb. 30 Nov prestonjjrtr. The Penguin Slap. Private collection. Web. Web. 5 Jan
SilverStar. Supply Demand Equilibrium Private collection. Web. Web. 3 Jan Strieber, Andrew. Ford Model T Assembly Line Ford Motor Company. Web. Web. 4 Jan Strike. N.d. PicGifsWeb. 5 Feb The Corporate States of America. N.d. Photograph. Brand NewWeb. 4 Dec