3VocabularySect- a smaller group of people that have differing beliefs from the larger group.Brahman- the collective soul.Swami- Hindu religious teacher.Sutra- Buddhist text.Caste System – belief system whereby social class is hereditary and do not change.Vedas/The Books of Knowledge – a book containing prayers, hymns and rituals of the Hindu religion
4Hinduism Developed in India 1500 BCE Aryans moved to the Indus Valley Vedas and other Aryan beliefs led to the development of HinduismPolytheisticThe religion spread throughout India
5Hindu Beliefs All gods are part of a supreme spirit (Brahman) All living thing have souls (animals and people)Cow is sacredMany are vegetarians (no meat)ReincarnationKarmaCaste System
6Caste System Priest 2. Warriors and rulers 3. Merchants. Traders and farmers4. Peasants, field workers___________________5. UntouchablesNOT allowed to marry outside of their caste, many jobs determined according to caste, and the government is trying to abolish this system.
7Hinduism vs. other religions During King Asoka’s (crowned 273 B.C.E) rule, Buddhism increased in India and Hinduism following decreased.Hinduism became popular again.Buddhism and Jainism practices mixed with Hinduism.7th Century CE Islam becomes established.Islam 2nd most practiced religion today.80% of Indians are Hindu.
8VocabularyBuddhism – a belief that people could find peace if they could rejectBuddha – the name given to priest of the Buddhist religion; also known as “The Enlightened One”Four Nobel Truths – four phases of the Buddhist religionNirvana – name given to reaching a state of perfect peace in the religion of BuddhismThe Middle Way – the goals that were to be accomplished by following what Buddha called the Eightfold Path (eight rules for conduct) in the religion of Buddhism
9Siddhartha Gautama Rich Founded Buddhism around 500 B.C. Troubled by poverty and sufferingLeft home and became a monkWanted to know why people had to sufferMeditated and thoughtConcluded that to find peace one had to reject greed and desire
10Gautama Cont…Gautama accepted reincarnation and karma but did not agree with the caste system.His followers called him Buddha or Enlightened One.He taught the Four Noble Truths:Life brings painSuffering and sorrow caused by greed for material thingsEnd suffering by giving up desires (Nirvana)The Middle Way
12Buddhist Beliefs The key to Buddhism is unselfishness No need for gods or priestsMan can change evil into goodThe Middle Way equals perfect peace6% of world population is Buddhist4th largest in the world