Presentation on theme: "Hinduism and Buddhism Hindu Temple in Riverdale, Georgia."— Presentation transcript:
Hinduism and Buddhism Hindu Temple in Riverdale, Georgia
Largest Hindu Temple in the U.S. Lilburn, GA.
Vocabulary Sect- a smaller group of people that have differing beliefs from the larger group. Brahman- the collective soul. Swami- Hindu religious teacher. Sutra- Buddhist text. Caste System – belief system whereby social class is hereditary and do not change. Vedas/The Books of Knowledge – a book containing prayers, hymns and rituals of the Hindu religion
Hinduism Developed in India 1500 BCE Aryans moved to the Indus Valley Vedas and other Aryan beliefs led to the development of Hinduism Polytheistic The religion spread throughout India
Hindu Beliefs All gods are part of a supreme spirit (Brahman) All living thing have souls (animals and people) Cow is sacred Many are vegetarians (no meat) Reincarnation Karma Caste System
Caste System 1.Priest 2. Warriors and rulers 3. Merchants. Traders and farmers 4. Peasants, field workers ___________________ 5. Untouchables NOT allowed to marry outside of their caste, many jobs determined according to caste, and the government is trying to abolish this system.
Hinduism vs. other religions During King Asoka’s (crowned 273 B.C.E) rule, Buddhism increased in India and Hinduism following decreased. Hinduism became popular again. Buddhism and Jainism practices mixed with Hinduism. 7 th Century CE Islam becomes established. Islam 2 nd most practiced religion today. 80% of Indians are Hindu.
Vocabulary Buddhism – a belief that people could find peace if they could reject Buddha – the name given to priest of the Buddhist religion; also known as “The Enlightened One” Four Nobel Truths – four phases of the Buddhist religion Nirvana – name given to reaching a state of perfect peace in the religion of Buddhism The Middle Way – the goals that were to be accomplished by following what Buddha called the Eightfold Path (eight rules for conduct) in the religion of Buddhism
Siddhartha Gautama Rich Founded Buddhism around 500 B.C. Troubled by poverty and suffering Left home and became a monk Wanted to know why people had to suffer Meditated and thought Concluded that to find peace one had to reject greed and desire
Gautama Cont… Gautama accepted reincarnation and karma but did not agree with the caste system. His followers called him Buddha or Enlightened One. He taught the Four Noble Truths: 1.Life brings pain 2.Suffering and sorrow caused by greed for material things 3.End suffering by giving up desires (Nirvana) 4.The Middle Way
The Middle Way (The Eight Fold Path)
Buddhist Beliefs The key to Buddhism is unselfishness No need for gods or priests Man can change evil into good The Middle Way equals perfect peace 6% of world population is Buddhist 4 th largest in the world