Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER SIX Sin and Forgiveness. The Reality of Sin Sin is: is an offense against God Is a choosing of self over God Is a disobedient revolt against."— Presentation transcript:
CHAPTER SIX Sin and Forgiveness
The Reality of Sin Sin is: is an offense against God Is a choosing of self over God Is a disobedient revolt against God’s love? Is any free and deliberate act, word, thought, or desire that turns us away from God’s law to love.
The Reality of Sin There is much evidence of the existence of sin in the world today. Jesus Christ came to save us from our sins.
The Bible on Sin Old Testament Images of Sin hattah – missing the mark pesha – rebellion awon – guilt or iniquity
Consequences of sin: Sin alienates us from God Sin alienates us from others Sin alienates us from ourselves The Bible on Sin
The New Testament on Sin, Jesus, and Forgiveness New Testament descriptions of sin: missing the mark lawlessness injustice falsehood darkness The Bible on Sin
The New Testament on Sin, Jesus, and Forgiveness The most profound explanation of sin as found in the New Testament is “a refusal to love, to accept God’s offer of friendship and grace in our Lord Jesus Christ”. The Bible on Sin
Different Kinds of Sin Original sin All humans are born into the disharmonious situation of our world to which we are all subject.
It is human nature in a fallen state (cf. Rom 5:12-19) We have inherited this condition from our first parents The results are: 1.Human nature is weakened or wounded by being deprived of original holiness and justice. 2.We are subject to ignorance, suffering and death. 3.We are inclined to sin (concupiscence). see CCC The CCC on Original Sin
Different Kinds of Sin Original Sin Versus Personal Sin An inclination toward evil caused by original sin. “The rebellion of the ‘flesh’ against the spirit” (CCC 2515). concupiscence
Different Kinds of Sin Original Sin Versus Personal Sin Mortal sin Venial sin Personal sin Actual sin that is a failure to love God above all things and our neighbors as ourselves
Different Kinds of Sin Original Sin Versus Personal Sin Mortal sin Total rejection of God and alienation from him Three conditions must be present: 1.Grave matter 2.Full knowledge 3.Complete consent
Different Kinds of Sin Original Sin Versus Personal Sin Venial sin Personal sin that weakens but does not kill our relationship with God.
Different Kinds of Sin Capital sins Moral vices that give rise to many other sins.
Seven Capital Sins Pride – excessively high opinion of oneself Greed – desire for earthly goods Envy – sorrow over another’s good fortune Anger – desire for revenge Lust – craving for sexual pleasure Gluttony – immoderate consumption of food or drink Sloth – laziness
Different Kinds of Sin Original Sin Versus Personal Sin violence and injustice caused by individual sins A cycle of sin Social Sin Examples: greed selfish actions pride and prejudice envy lust avarice
Vocabulary Sin Original sin Concupiscence Personal sin Mortal sin Venial sin Capital sins Social sin