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FRANKENSTEIN Mary Shelley This presentation was created following the Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia. Certain materials are included under the Fair Use exemption of the U.S. Copyright Law. Further use of these materials and this presentation is restricted.
QUICK WRITE “I beheld the wretch-the miserable monster whom I had created.” -Victor Frankenstein Today, Shelley’s words have been turned into the common saying “I’ve created a monster!” What is the significance of this saying?
ELEMENTS TO CONSIDER Elements of Romantic Literature (Time period) Elements of Gothic Literature (genre) Elements of Science Fiction (genre) Elements of Frankenstein (unique to the piece)
ELEMENTS OF ROMANTIC LITERATURE Passion for human emotion Believe all humans - innately good Advocate free thought Oppose political authority and social convention
ELEMENTS OF ROMANTIC LITERATURE (cont.) Strong sense of individuality Belief in the supernatural Use of the morbid and grotesque
ELEMENTS OF GOTHIC LITERATURE Use of intense emotion Use weather to depict a character’s mood Giving nature the power to destroy innovation
ELEMENTS OF GOTHIC LITERATURE (cont.) Written in an age where people thought of new beginnings and higher possibilities Idealization of nature Evokes terror Satanic hero
Additional Information/Activity If time allows review the additional descriptions of the Gothic Tradition and terminology. Discuss which apply to Frankenstein
ELEMENTS OF SCIENCE FICTION Explores the marvels of discovery and achievement that may result from science and technology Usually speculative in nature Assumes change as a given
SCIENCE FICTION (cont) ELEMENTS OF SCIENCE FICTION (cont) Projects a story-line into the future or into an alternative reality or history Explores a problem in technology, culture, or philosophy beyond its current state Presents an atmosphere of scientific credibility regardless of the reality
ELEMENTS OF FRANKENSTEIN Use of letter writing to develop characters (epistolary novel) Frame story (three stories deep) Elements of mystery, horror, supernatural Complex human dilemmas
ELEMENTS OF FRANKENSTEIN (cont.) Compelling disconcerting characters Greed and gain as motivators in scientific advancement Point of view Tone
Story within a story plotline Flashbacks Syntax- the way in which words are put together to form phrases, clauses or sentences; harmonious arrangement of parts or elements.
LITERARY DEVICES Diction- choice of words especially with regard to correctness, clearness, or effectiveness. Imagery- figurative language used to create mental images
QUOTATION EXERCISE You and your group members will be given a quote that relates in some way to Frankenstein. You are to discuss the meaning of the quote, your reaction to it/agree/disagree, any impact it should have on modern civilization and any other pertinent ideas that arise. Assign your group roles: Leader Recorder Presenter Timekeeper
LARGE GROUP DISCUSSION Groups will share. As you listen and tonight as you think about it, summarize all the ideas that you heard that have merit and that you would be interested in pursuing. (prep work for upcoming essay!)
QUOTE #1-Shaw “The man who writes about himself and his own time is the only man who writes about all people and all time.” -George Bernard Shaw, British playwright
QUOTE #2-Snow “Technology is a queer thing. It brings you great gifts with one hand, and it stabs you in the back with the other.” -C.P. Snow-British writer, scientist and government administrator
QUOTE #3-Dick “Reality is that which, when you stop believing in it, does not go away. -Philip K. Dick, author of Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?
QUOTE #4-McKibben “Keep us human. If we’re truly smart, we’ll refuse to foolishly tamper with our DNA.” -Bill McKibben, “Dangers of Genetic Engineering”
QUOTE #5-Stackman “Science cannot stop while ethics catches up.” -Elvin Stackman, President of American Association for the Advancement of Science
QUOTE #6-Milton “Did I request thee, Maker, from my clay to mould me man? Did I solicit thee from darkness to promote me?” -John Milton, Paradise Lost (and inside cover of Frankenstein)
QUOTE #7-Chardin “Our duty, as men and women, is to proceed as if limits to our ability did not exist. We are collaborators in creation.” -Teilhard de Chardin, French philosopher and Jesuit Priest trained as a geologist and archeologist.
QUOTE #8-Shelley “I busied myself to think of a story-a story to rival those which had excited us to this task. One which would speak to the mysterious fears of our nature and awaken thrilling horror-one to make the reader dread to look around, to curdle the blood and quicken the beatings of the heart.” -Mary Shelley, Frankenstein (Introduction to the 1831 edition)
QUOTE #9-Victor “How dangerous is the acquirement of knowledge.” -Victor Frankenstein, Frankenstein.
BIG IDEAS Mystery, horror Supernatural Role of technology Genetic engineering Cloning Unintended consequences Appreciating human life Regret Caution Ethics of science
Smallville: “Bizarro” episode React and respond to the conversation in the clip. What struck you?
T to T to T TOPIC to THEME to THESIS
TOPIC=SUBJECT Subject of a writing, speech, discussion, etc.
SUBJECTS/TOPICS Love Greed Revenge Poverty Ethics Death Obsession Sexism Racism Diversity Education Government Religion Society
THEME Topic or Subject that is repeated (motif) or presented in a number of ways in a work of art, literature, etc. to unify it. Theme=main idea/comment/lesson being made about the topic; using the topic to make said point.
THEME Identifying the theme and all the ways it is presented in the work should allow you to determine a thesis statement for your essay/argument/analysis of a piece of literature.
THEMES Obsession can supercede logic. Modern society values superficiality. Knowledge is not guaranteed to be beneficial. Self-discovery can be painful.
THESIS A statement or idea defended in argument A clearly stated thesis statement should allow you/reader to see all the ways in which the theme is explored in the piece. A single sentence or two that clearly articulates the point/argument being made about the topic/theme
EXAMPLE TOPIC/SUBJECT Good vs. Evil THEME –Evil often negates good. THESIS Author X illustrates that X piece of literature argues –Good is not inherently guaranteed to defeat evil. –Evil exists to validate good.
EXAMPLE TOPIC/SUBJECT –Power THESIS –The desire for power is the ultimate human weakness. –Ultimate power corrupts ultimately.
TOPICS Brainstorm a list of topics.
ACTIVITY 1. Generate five topics/subjects (think one word or short phrase) 2. Select two of the topics from your list. 3. Write at least two thematic statements that the author seems to be presenting for each topic. 3. Write at least two thesis statements for each of the two topics selected. These should be written in a complete sentence(s). (YOUR thesis for your paper. Keep in mind the purpose and support statements from a rhetorical prècis.)
SUGGESTED TOPICS OBSESSION SOCIETY IS SUPERFICIAL KNOWLEDGE CAN BE BAD SELF-DISCOVERY CAN BE PAINFUL REVENGE TAKING RESPONSIBILITY FOR ACTIONS SOCIETY’S PREJUDICE/DISCRIMINATION MAN AS A MONSTER GOOD VS. EVIL PLAYING GOD
THEMES ACTIVITY What themes do you believe are presented in the novel? Identify the theme(s) and an explanation of how the novel develops that/those theme(s) using specific examples from the book. Select from the topics identified. DISCUSSION
IDEAS TO EXPLORE Technology has the potential to enhance and extend human life. Man’s fascination with creation is reflected in fact and fiction. Scientific exploration has the potential to improve human life. Altering human traits has unexplored consequences.
FOCUS QUESTIONS: TODAY 1. What issues are involved in creating, lengthening and bettering life? 2. What is technology’s role in society? 3. When do technological solutions become new problems? 4. Is there a point (percentage of replacement parts) when a human being is no longer considered human? (Cyborg clip) 5. How have humans been redefined by technological advances?
ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS: TOMORROW QUICK WRITES: 1. What role will I play in future technology? Will I question it, consume it, or help to create it? 2. What price am I willing to pay for immortality? 3. What are the tradeoffs for technological advances? 4. What moral limitations do we put on the use of technology? DISCUSS