Presentation on theme: "Themes, Characters, Motifs"— Presentation transcript:
1 Themes, Characters, Motifs The HobbitThemes, Characters, Motifs
2 The Hobbit Plot Summary The Un-Expected PartyTrollsRivendellMisty MountainsRiddles in the DarkBeornMirkwood, spiders and elvesLaketownThe Lonely MountainThe Battle of the Five ArmiesRiddles in the Dark is the central episode. Through pure luck, Bilbo finds Ring, but also escapes from Gollum entirely by himself, begins to trust his own luck and skill. As with many quest stories, troll situation shows Bilbo failing completely as burglar, must be rescued by Gandalf, using disembodied voice trick; later the spiders episode in Mirkwood, Bilbo uses the disembodied voice trick, so he has learned. He is obviously gaining as a thief also, gets cup from Smaug and eventually finds Arkenstone.
3 The Hobbit Motif/caves or underground The Un-Expected PartyTrollsRivendellMisty MountainsRiddles in the DarkBeornMirkwood, spiders and elvesLaketownThe Lonely MountainThe Battle of the Five Armies
4 The Hobbit Motif/Disembodied Voice Trick The Un-Expected PartyTrollsRivendellMisty MountainsRiddles in the DarkBeornMirkwood, spiders and elvesLaketownThe Lonely MountainThe Battle of the Five Armies
5 The Hobbit Motif/Fire The Un-Expected Party Trolls Rivendell Misty MountainsRiddles in the DarkBeornMirkwood, spiders and elvesLaketownThe Lonely MountainThe Battle of the Five Armies
6 The Hobbit Motif/In one door and out another The Un-Expected PartyTrollsRivendellMisty MountainsRiddles in the DarkBeornMirkwood, spiders and elvesLaketownThe Lonely MountainThe Battle of the Five Armies
7 The Hobbit Characters Major Characters Bilbo Minor Characters GandalfThorinMinor Charactersother dwarvesElrondGollumBeornBard of Dale
8 The Hobbit Conflicts Bilbo/Spiders Bilbo/self Gandalf/ trolls Physical PsychologicalBilbo/Spiders Bilbo/selfGandalf/goblins and wargs Thorin/selfThorin and dwarves in battleBeorn/BolgBard/SmaugMentalGandalf/ trollsBilbo/GollumBilbo/elvesBilbo/Smaug
9 The Hobbit Bilbo Baggins Wits: Gollum, Smaug riddles, tricks spiders, understands riddle of keyhole in mountainLuck: number 14, finds Ring/ArkenstoneSharp eyes: sees Beorn, eaglesPity: on GollumKindhearted: returns keys to guard, pays back ElvesGenerous: gives Arkenstone to BardLoyal, won’t leave dwarves
10 The Hobbit Bilbo Baggins side Took side Desires comfort Gentle Food, drinkPipeFiresidehandkerchiefGentleNot acquisitive, gives away mathomsTook sideAdventurousCourageousHeroicFights spidersRescues dwarvesFaces Smaug alone
11 The Hobbit Other Characters DwarvesThorin: greedy, stern, proud, pompous, wants revenge on SmaugBalin is Bilbo’s friend, Fili and Kili are youngest, fat Bombur is like Disney dwarfGandalf, wise, has control of fire (like Smaug)EaglesBeorn, in harmony with nature, animalsBard, heroic, vs. Master of Laketown, money-orientedSmaug, like dwarves, greedy, revengeful
12 The Hobbit Thieves Bilbo, the Burglar Other thieves Tries to take purse from TrollsRingFood from ElvesKeys from guardBarrelsCupArkenstoneOther thievesTrolls (stuff in cave)Gollum (Ring)Smaug (pile of gold, Arkenstone, mithril)Thorin won’t share with Bard, others
13 The Hobbit Monsters Trolls Goblins Gollum Wargs Elves Smaug Stone Giants?
14 The Hobbit Settings The Shire The Wild Rivendell The Misty Mountains MirkwoodElves’ great caveLaketownThe Lonely Mountain
15 The Hobbit Themes Hospitality: Luck Pity Greed Fairness The Shire RivendellBeornthe ElvesLaketownLuckPityGreedFairness
16 The Hobbit Traditional Quest Elements Home, There and Back AgainOne year plus one dayUnderground or cave-like places:Under the Misty MountainsUnder the overhanging branches in MirkwoodIn the dungeons of the ElvesInside the Lonely Mountain with SmaugBattle with DragonHeroic actions: fighting dragon, spiders
17 The Hobbit Parallels Trolls and Spiders (disembodied voice trick) Fire promises comfort but it tricks: Trolls, Elves, Smaug is greatest fireCave of Goblins, Gandalf rescues dwarves; Dungeon of Elves, Bilbo rescues dwarvesOften in front door, out back door: Misty Mountains, Elves. Opposite in side door, out front door: Smaug. Out front door of Bag End, back in the same way. “Road Song.”Battle of wits with Gollum and SmaugCaves all remind us of Bilbo’s homeUnusual to see Elves compared with Orcs, but this is from dwarf perspective or at least loyalties.
18 The Hobbit Source material BeowolfMuch of description of Smaug in BeowolfBeorn and Bard derivativeName of Beorn a linguistic joke: name comes from bjorn (bear in Scandinavian), warrior or man in Old English“In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit”