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Romanticism Transcendentalism Anti-Transcendentalism.

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Presentation on theme: "Romanticism Transcendentalism Anti-Transcendentalism."— Presentation transcript:

1 Romanticism Transcendentalism Anti-Transcendentalism

2 4/23/20152 Romanticism Time Period: early to mid 1800s Brought about as a reaction of the Age of Reason and the strict doctrines of Puritanism (  ) A time when the natural world was glorified. Time Period: early to mid 1800s Brought about as a reaction of the Age of Reason and the strict doctrines of Puritanism (  ) A time when the natural world was glorified.

3 4/23/20153 Major Themes Importance of the individual Values the imagination and emotional side of human nature rather than rational (logical) side of human nature Some had a fascination with the supernatural. Writers had an optimistic outlook. Importance of the individual Values the imagination and emotional side of human nature rather than rational (logical) side of human nature Some had a fascination with the supernatural. Writers had an optimistic outlook.

4 4/23/20154 Famous Romantic Writers Washington Irving Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Washington Irving Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

5 4/23/20155 The Breakdown of Romanticism

6 4/23/20156 Transcendentalism ~ optimistic offshoot of Romanticism Time period: mid to late 1800s Transcendent: not realizable in human experience A belief that ‘transcendent forms’ of truth exist beyond reason and experience Time period: mid to late 1800s Transcendent: not realizable in human experience A belief that ‘transcendent forms’ of truth exist beyond reason and experience

7 4/23/20157 Values intuition as a means of gaining this higher truth Communing with nature made possible an intuitive connection with the entire universe This connection with all: God, mankind, and natural world was known as the Universal Oversoul. Valued non-conformity. Values intuition as a means of gaining this higher truth Communing with nature made possible an intuitive connection with the entire universe This connection with all: God, mankind, and natural world was known as the Universal Oversoul. Valued non-conformity.

8 4/23/20158 Famous Transcendentalist Writers Ralph Waldo Emerson Henry David Thoreau Walt Whitman Ralph Waldo Emerson Henry David Thoreau Walt Whitman

9 4/23/20159 Anti-Transcendentalism (Gothic) ~a pessimistic offshoot of Romanticism Time period: mid to late 1800s Known as the Dark Side of Individualism The focus on the imagination in Romanticism led to a focus on the demonic, the fantastic, and the insane for the Gothic Time period: mid to late 1800s Known as the Dark Side of Individualism The focus on the imagination in Romanticism led to a focus on the demonic, the fantastic, and the insane for the Gothic

10 4/23/ Gothic writers took a pessimistic view of humans and saw the potential for evil in all people. ‘Essential truths’ about life were found in extreme situations or the darker side of human nature (greed, betrayal, fear, etc.) Gothic writers took a pessimistic view of humans and saw the potential for evil in all people. ‘Essential truths’ about life were found in extreme situations or the darker side of human nature (greed, betrayal, fear, etc.)

11 4/23/ Famous Anti-Trans Writers Edgar Allen Poe Nathaniel Hawthorne (a descendent of the judge from The Crucible!!!!!) Also, famous Southern Gothic writers include William Faulkner and Flannery O’Connor Edgar Allen Poe Nathaniel Hawthorne (a descendent of the judge from The Crucible!!!!!) Also, famous Southern Gothic writers include William Faulkner and Flannery O’Connor

12 Gothic Elements Settings- include large, drafty old houses that have "been in the family for years." Atmosphere of mystery and suspense A ghostly legend, an unexplainable occurrence, or a story about a horrible death or murder. Omens, foreshadowing, and dreams usually play a large role in the mysterious air that is created within the story. Settings- include large, drafty old houses that have "been in the family for years." Atmosphere of mystery and suspense A ghostly legend, an unexplainable occurrence, or a story about a horrible death or murder. Omens, foreshadowing, and dreams usually play a large role in the mysterious air that is created within the story. 12

13 Gothic Elements Include highly charged emotional states like: terror, a feeling that one is on the brink of insanity, anger, agitation, an exaggerated feeling of some impending doom, and obsessive love. Supernatural events: ghosts, doors that open themselves, unexplained sounds, etc. Include highly charged emotional states like: terror, a feeling that one is on the brink of insanity, anger, agitation, an exaggerated feeling of some impending doom, and obsessive love. Supernatural events: ghosts, doors that open themselves, unexplained sounds, etc. 4/23/201513

14 Gothic Elements Damsels in distress are frequent. Women who are frightened and confused, wandering around lost, or dying due to a slow and unexplainable ailment. Words designed to evoke images of gloom and doom: dark, foreboding, forbidding, ghostly, etc. Damsels in distress are frequent. Women who are frightened and confused, wandering around lost, or dying due to a slow and unexplainable ailment. Words designed to evoke images of gloom and doom: dark, foreboding, forbidding, ghostly, etc. 4/23/201514

15 Gothic Elements Romantic themes often involve the death of a man or woman in the throes of some great passion, the obsessive nature of a man or woman in love, or excessive grief one feels upon the loss of a loved one. 4/23/201515


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