Presentation on theme: "The Components of Preaching What goes into a sermon?"— Presentation transcript:
The Components of Preaching What goes into a sermon?
1 - The Liturgical Component The Christian Rite and its Proper The priority of the day’s Gospel The Proper enhances the Gospel of the Day (the role of the lectionographer) What facet of the Gospel does this lesson explore? What do we find about the words and works of Jesus in this lesson?
2 - The Exegetical Component The sermon as textual exposition: what does this text say? Too many sermons proclaim the truth but not the truth of the text Understand the literature Preaching the Prophets Sidney Greidanus: Preaching Prophetic Literature John Jeske: Preaching on the Old Testament Richard Balge: Preaching on the Old Testament
Pitfalls in Prophetic Preaching When the prophets condemn apostate Israel When the prophets look forward to peace and release from suffering When the prophets proclaim only law
3 - The Theological Component The sermon as theological confession The function of the calendar to proclaim the whole counsel of God What biblical teaching does this text means to proclaim? Matthew 22:15-21 Isaiah 45:1-7
4 - The Evangelical Component The Lutheran preacher proclaims law and gospel. But not every text, and therefore, not every sermon proclaims law and gospel in the same way. Beware of gospel neglect, but also of gospel obsession (David Schmitt in Liturgical Preaching)
Specific Law and Specific Gospel Specific to the hearer Specific to the text Specific to the plan of salvation Honest Preaching: Faithfully Proclaiming the Law for the Sake of the Gospel (WLQ Spring 2007)
5 - The Practical Component How are hearers able to depict themselves and their lives in this sermon? Too little application Too much application Non-textual application
6 - The Logical Component Where is the preacher going? Virtue, malady, cure, goal, theme (doc 7) Introductions (cf. Inductive Introductions) Transitions The value of trial and error
Deductive Preaching The classic Lutheran sermon form Homily, narrative, inductive styles The bad rap on deductive preaching
State the Proposition The text as a whole The main truth in the text on this day in this place to these people Statement, question, encouragement
Divide the text Let’s Go Looking for the Lost Share the Savior’s passion for finding them Show the Savior’s joy in reclaiming them It’s Hard to Love the Lost Because of what we see in them Because of what we must say to them Why the Cryin’, Jeremiah? Didn’t God tell you the path would bring trouble? Didn’t God promise that he would be with you?
The Lutheran Preacher’s Dilemma Preaching texts that are all law
Amos 8:4-7 4 Hear this, you who trample the needy and do away with the poor of the land, 5 saying, “When will the New Moon be over that we may sell grain, and the Sabbath be ended that we may market wheat?”— skimping the measure, boosting the price and cheating with dishonest scales, 6 buying the poor with silver and the needy for a pair of sandals, selling even the sweepings with the wheat. 7 The Lord has sworn by the Pride of Jacob: “I will never forget anything they have done.
The Dilemma Does the preacher preach the text and skimp on the gospel or does he import the gospel in some way? Does he preach a positive sermon or a negative sermon?
Dontbe-Dobe The same heart handles God and greed 1. Wrongly handling wealth disconnects you from him 2. Rightly viewing his blessings brings you close to him Make the Lord your pride and joy 1. In your life with him 2. In your life with others Make Loving the Lord a Priority 1. In your worship 2. In how you treat others
Importing Gospel What Tips the Scale of Your Heart? 1. Love for the greedy gains (of money) that fails? 2. Love for the generous God (of mercy) who forgets? Review your receipt! 1. To realize your poverty. 2. To remember your price.
One step too far? God made us his stewards 1. He gave us all we have 2. And every opportunity to use it God gives gifts to his people! 1. Gifts on earth! 2. Gifts in heaven!
God’s Anger Burns Against Greed 1. The greed he sees in ungodly actions 2. The greed he knows comes from ungodly hearts
7 - The Written Component The great debate: manuscript or outline What do you want to say? Write what you want to say Memorize what you want to say Say what you want to say Just Say the Word – G. Robert Jacks How to Speak the Written Word – Nedra Newkirk Lamar
8 - The Rhetorical Component Preaching cannot be a collection of declarative sentences Persuade, convict, entertain, rouse to action, gain a commitment, appeal to the emotions, teach, enlighten Dialogue, poetry, humor, illustrations
9 - The Memorization Component Memorization is the ugly work of preaching Avoid the pulpit until the end of the process Practice saying words and sentences How to use a manuscript
10 - The Delivery Component The use of the voice depends on the use of the pen Maintain volume; avoid dropping your voice and whispers Gestures On the subject of preaching without the pulpit: I don’t get it.
Really? Ted Williams: Hitting a baseball is the hardest thing to do in sports. Jim Tiefel: Preaching a sermon is the hardest thing to do in pastoral ministry.