Presentation on theme: "The Components of Preaching"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Components of Preaching What goes into a sermon?
2 1 - The Liturgical Component The Christian Rite and its ProperThe priority of the day’s GospelThe Proper enhances the Gospel of the Day (the role of the lectionographer)What facet of the Gospel does this lesson explore?What do we find about the words and works of Jesus in this lesson?
3 2 - The Exegetical Component The sermon as textual exposition: what does this text say?Too many sermons proclaim the truth but not the truth of the textUnderstand the literaturePreaching the ProphetsSidney Greidanus: Preaching Prophetic LiteratureJohn Jeske: Preaching on the Old TestamentRichard Balge: Preaching on the Old Testament
4 Pitfalls in Prophetic Preaching When the prophets condemn apostate IsraelWhen the prophets look forward to peace and release from sufferingWhen the prophets proclaim only law
5 3 - The Theological Component The sermon as theological confessionThe function of the calendar to proclaim the whole counsel of GodWhat biblical teaching does this text means to proclaim?Matthew 22:15-21Isaiah 45:1-7
6 4 - The Evangelical Component The Lutheran preacher proclaims law and gospel.But not every text, and therefore, not every sermon proclaims law and gospel in the same way.Beware of gospel neglect, but also of gospel obsession (David Schmitt in Liturgical Preaching)
7 Specific Law and Specific Gospel Specific to the hearerSpecific to the textSpecific to the plan of salvationHonest Preaching: Faithfully Proclaiming the Law for the Sake of the Gospel (WLQ Spring 2007)
8 5 - The Practical Component How are hearers able to depict themselves and their lives in this sermon?Too little applicationToo much applicationNon-textual application
9 6 - The Logical Component Where is the preacher going?Virtue, malady, cure, goal, theme (doc 7)Introductions (cf. Inductive Introductions)TransitionsThe value of trial and error
10 Deductive Preaching The classic Lutheran sermon form Homily, narrative, inductive stylesThe bad rap on deductive preaching
11 State the Proposition The text as a whole The main truth in the text on this day in this place to these peopleStatement, question, encouragement
12 Divide the text Let’s Go Looking for the Lost Share the Savior’s passion for finding themShow the Savior’s joy in reclaiming themIt’s Hard to Love the LostBecause of what we see in themBecause of what we must say to themWhy the Cryin’, Jeremiah?Didn’t God tell you the path would bring trouble?Didn’t God promise that he would be with you?
13 The Lutheran Preacher’s Dilemma Preaching texts that are all law
14 Amos 8:4-7 4 Hear this, you who trample the needy and do away with the poor of the land,5 saying, “When will the New Moon be over that we may sell grain,and the Sabbath be ended that we may market wheat?”—skimping the measure,boosting the priceand cheating with dishonest scales,6 buying the poor with silverand the needy for a pair of sandals,selling even the sweepings with the wheat.7 The Lord has sworn by the Pride of Jacob: “I will never forget anything they have done.
15 The DilemmaDoes the preacher preach the text and skimp on the gospel or does he import the gospel in some way?Does he preach a positive sermon or a negative sermon?
16 Dontbe-Dobe The same heart handles God and greed 1. Wrongly handling wealth disconnects you from him2. Rightly viewing his blessings brings you close to himMake the Lord your pride and joy1. In your life with him2. In your life with othersMake Loving the Lord a Priority1. In your worship2. In how you treat others
17 Importing Gospel What Tips the Scale of Your Heart? 1. Love for the greedy gains (of money) that fails?2. Love for the generous God (of mercy) who forgets?Review your receipt!1. To realize your poverty.2. To remember your price.
18 One step too far? God made us his stewards 1. He gave us all we have 2. And every opportunity to use itGod gives gifts to his people!1. Gifts on earth!2. Gifts in heaven!
19 God’s Anger Burns Against Greed 1. The greed he sees in ungodly actions2. The greed he knows comes from ungodly hearts
20 7 - The Written Component The great debate: manuscript or outlineWhat do you want to say?Write what you want to sayMemorize what you want to saySay what you want to sayJust Say the Word – G. Robert JacksHow to Speak the Written Word – Nedra Newkirk Lamar
21 8 - The Rhetorical Component Preaching cannot be a collection of declarative sentencesPersuade, convict, entertain, rouse to action, gain a commitment, appeal to the emotions, teach, enlightenDialogue, poetry, humor, illustrations
22 9 - The Memorization Component Memorization is the ugly work of preachingAvoid the pulpit until the end of the processPractice saying words and sentencesHow to use a manuscript
23 10 - The Delivery Component The use of the voice depends on the use of the penMaintain volume; avoid dropping your voice and whispersGesturesOn the subject of preaching without the pulpit: I don’t get it.
24 Really?Ted Williams: Hitting a baseball is the hardest thing to do in sports.Jim Tiefel: Preaching a sermon is the hardest thing to do in pastoral ministry.