14.2 Chapter Overview n The seventh commandment involves the topics of stealing, the use of private property, and the necessity of making amends. n The tenth commandment helps us appreciate the need to follow the way of Jesus in order to avoid the sins of envy, avarice, and greed. n Justice applies the seventh commandment to the pursuit of the common good. n Catholic social teaching offers guidance for achieving social justice.
V14.1 Vocabulary n Commutative justice (p. 265): The obligation, required by the seventh commandment, to respect the rights of others. n Reparation (p. 265): Making amends for harming another; returning stolen property. n Envy (p. 266): “Sadness at the sight of another’s goods and the immoderate desire to have them for oneself.” (Catechism, #2553)
V14.2 Vocabulary n Avarice (p. 266): “A passion for riches and their attendant power.” (Catechism, #2552) n Greed (p. 266): The desire to amass limitless earthly goods. n Common good (p. 271): A long-standing concept advocating that society should be organized so that, as much as possible, both individuals and the entire community are equally thriving.
V14.3 Vocabulary n On the Condition of Workers (p. 273): The 1891 encyclical of Pope Leo XIII voicing concern for industrial workers; the first of a series of documents comprising modern Catholic social teaching. n Spiral of poverty (p. 276): Poor people being in a situation that makes overcoming poverty almost impossible. n Urbanization (p. 276): Growth of cities worldwide.
14.3 Review 1. What does the seventh commandment forbid? List some ways that we can violate this commandment. 2. In what sense is private property not an absolute right? 3. Explain the difference between being an owner and a steward.
14.4 Review 4. What does the seventh commandment say about slavery and shoplifting? 5. What is reparation? How can we apply the principle of reparation to the seventh commandment? 6. Define envy, avarice, and greed.
14.5 Review 7. Describe some positive ways to observe the seventh and tenth commandments. 8. Why is a spirit of detachment necessary to combat envy? 9. What is the virtue of charity?
14.6 Review 10. Describe a characteristic of the early Church. 11. What shift in perspective does justice bring to our moral imagination? 12. How is lack of justice a form of theft?
14.7 Review 13. Define common good. 14. Name the three principles of the concept of the common good. 15. Explain this statement: “Everyone’s life is enriched when each person’s life is enriched.”
14.8 Review 16. What two messages did Pope Leo XIII proclaim by issuing On the Condition of Workers? 17. What trend did Pope Leo’s encyclical begin? 18. What are the seven themes of Catholic social teaching?
14.9 Review 19. What does it mean to say that many people are trapped in a spiral of poverty? 20. Define urbanization. How is urbanization a symptom of worldwide poverty?