Presentation on theme: "Theme and Universal Theme. Theme A theme is the underlying meaning of a piece of literature. It usually includes an observation about life. It could."— Presentation transcript:
Theme A theme is the underlying meaning of a piece of literature. It usually includes an observation about life. It could be the moral of the story, a teaching or an observation of human experience. By the end of the story, the character usually LEARNS A LESSON based on their experiences.
How Can You Determine a Theme? You are never actually TOLD what the theme is in a story. You determine the theme from the characters and action in a story. In short, you must determine the theme on your own.
Theme - Example 1 Beauty and the Beast - The theme could be described as “you must look beyond superficial surface beauty and look for what's inside the heart”
Theme - Example 2 Aladdin - The theme could be described as love is not earned through money, but from the heart.
Universal Themes Universal themes add to the timelessness of a piece because they relate to us all-- either in our experiences or in our dreams.
Universal Themes A-Z - abuse of power - action vs apathy - beating the odds - beauty - coming of age - corruption - courage - effects of the past - faith - fall from grace - family
Universal Themes A-Z (cont’d) - fate - fear - fear of failure - freedom - friendship - greed - hate - heritage - heroes - honesty - innocence - justice - love - loyalty
Universal Themes A-Z (cont’d) - manipulation - mothering - nature - need for change - obligation - parent-child relationships - peace - peer pressure - perseverance - Power of the mind vs. authority
- prejudice - price of progress - pride - quest for knowledge - religion - revenge - secrecy - security/safety - seizing the moment - survival - the overlooked - the road not taken - war - winners and losers
Example of Universal Theme What is the universal theme presented in How the Grinch Stole Christmas?
What other stories have the same universal theme of the individual overcoming one’s selfishness and greed? The main character Ebenezer Scrooge in Charles Dickens’ A Christmas Carol symbolizes a greedy wealthy man