Presentation on theme: "Paul’s Third Missionary Journey"— Presentation transcript:
1Paul’s Third Missionary Journey Acts 18:23-21:16A.DPaul – 4th Century Catacomb MuralEphesus Theater
2Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Discussion Questions for Acts 18 – 21:16Where did Paul spend most of his time during the third missionary journey and how long did he stay there?What were some of the significant events that took place during Paul’s time in the city where he stayed in the most?
5Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Route to Ephesus (Acts 18:23)AntiochGalatiaPhrygiaApollos (18:24-28)Apollos, an eloquent speaker, came to EphesusMighty in scripture and teachingInstructed in the way of the LordFervent in spirit.Speaking and teaching accurately things concerning JesusOnly acquainted with the baptism of John.Speaking out boldly in the synagogue.
6Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Priscilla and Aquila teach ApollosThey explained the way of God more accuratelyWent across to Achaia, Corinth (see Acts 19:1)He helped greatly those who had believed through grace (see 1 Cor. 1:12; 3:4-6, 22; 4:6; 16:12)Powerfully refuted the Jews in publicDemonstrating by the scriptures that Jesus is the Christ
7Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Paul’s Three Year Mission Effort in Ephesus (19:1-19:41)Years in Ephesus – A.DWrote 1 Corinthians, A.D. 54 (1 Cor. 16:19) & 2 Corinthians, A.D. 55Disciples at Ephesus who knew the baptism of John (19:1-7)Twelve disciples had not received the Holy Spirit when they believed, not knowing there was a Holy SpiritOnly baptized into the baptism of JohnThey were baptized in the name of JesusPaul laid his hands on them and the Holy Spirit came upon them.Spoke in tongues and prophesied
8Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Paul’s Three Year Mission Effort in Ephesus (19:1-19:41)Preached in the synagogue first (19:8-9)Spoke boldly for three monthsReasoning and persuading them about the kingdom of GodSome did not obey and spoke evil of the Way, Christians were known as "the Way“After opposition arose in the Synagogue, the disciples moved to the school of Tyrannus (19:10)Two years at the schoolAll in Asia heard the word of the Lord, Jews and Greeks
9Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Paul’s Three Year Mission Effort in Ephesus (19:1-19:41)Mission work and miracles in Ephesus Many miracles and evil spirits cast out (19:11-20)Extraordinary miracle and even handkerchiefs and aprons usedSeven sons of Sceva (19:13-17)Seven Jewish, chief priest, attempt to cast out an evil spirit in the name of Jesus whom Paul preachesEvil spirit answer he knows Jesus and Paul but not them and the evil spirit attacks themPeople hear about the incident and name of Jesus was magnifiedMany in Ephesians respond to the gospel (19:18-20)Those who believed were confessing and disclosing their practicesBurned their books of magic worth 50,000 pieces of silverThe word of the Lord was growing strong and many were believing
10Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Paul’s Three Year Mission Effort in Ephesus (19:1-19:41)Writes 1 Corinthians while in Ephesus – A.D. 56Paul prepares to leave Ephesus and go to Macedonia and on (19:21-22)Wants to go to Macedonia and Achaia firstThen to JerusalemOn to RomeSends Timothy and Erastus ahead to Macedonia while he stayed a little longer in Ephesus
11Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Paul’s Three Year Mission Effort in Ephesus (19:1-19:41)Riot over the Goddess Artimis & Christian teaching (19:23-41)Demetrius, a silversmith, cause a riot (19:23-34)Made silver shrines Artemis for his businessGot the trade guild together telling them that Christianity was threatening their businessEphesus and all Asia, Paul turned away many people from worship of idols, telling people they are not gods at all.Temple of the great goddess Artimis be regardedas worthless (19:27)Trade in dangerShe was one of the most worshipped deitiesOne of the seven wonders of the worldAfraid she would lose her status
12Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Paul’s Three Year Mission Effort in Ephesus (19:1-19:41)Demetrius & silversmith traders stir up some Ephesians (19:28-34)Drag Gaius and Aristarchus, two who traveled with Paul, into the theaterPaul wanted to go talk to the people but the disciples would not let himAsiarchs who were friends also urged him not to go out to the peopleMost of the people in the riot did not know the reason for all the turmoilWould not let Alexander, a Jew, address them whom many thought was the reason for the riot - just shouted Great is Artemis
13Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Paul’s Three Year Mission Effort in Ephesus (19:1-19:41)Townclerk calms the crowd and dismisses it (19:35-41)Reassures them of the greatness of the city being the place where Artemis fell down from heavenThey should be calm as the men the brought forward are neither robbers of temples or blasphemers of our goddessIf Demetrius and the craftsmen have a complaint they should bring before the courts in the proper wayThey are in danger of being accused of having a riotDismisses the assembly
14Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Two important event to remember in Acts 19:Many people become Christians in EphesusMakers of idols cause a riot because of the fear of losing business due to Christianity
15Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Paul travels Ephesus to Troas(20:1-5).Paul calls the disciples together & encourages themGoes through Macedonia (one assumes he was encouraging the churches, i.e. Philippi, Thessalonica and Berea.)Wrote 2 Corinthians – A.D. 56Greece (Achaia) – probably Corinth (see 1 Cor. 16:5)Spent three months therePlot of the Jews sent him on his wayWrote the Letter to the Romans at this time – A.D. 57Went back through MacedoniaSome of those traveling with him went ahead to Troas - Sopater of Berea, Aristarchus and Secundus of the Thessalonians, Gaius of Derbe, Timothy and Tychicus and Trophimus of AsiaLuke says waiting for “us” at Troas so Luke was traveling with Paul
16Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Paul and Luke at Troas (Acts 20:6-12)Stayed seven daysThey meet on the first day of the week in Troas to break breadSpoke to them till midnight in an upper roomEutychus sitting in a window falls asleep and fall out and is killedPaul raises him from the dead.Went on with till day breakBroke bread and ateThey went away comforted that Eutychus was alive
17Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Paul, Luke & others travel towards Jerusalem (20:13-21:16)Travel to Miletus (20:13-16)Others sailed from Assos while Paul went by land and was picked up at MityleneSailed next to Chios, Samos, and landed at MiletusPaul had decided to by-pass Ephesus but stops at MiletusDid not want to spend a lot of time in AsiaHe wanted to get to Jerusalem by the day of Pentecost
18Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Paul, Luke & others travel towards Jerusalem (20:13-21:16)Paul’s visit with the Ephesian elders at Miletus (20:17-38)Paul reminds the elders of how he ministered to them (20:17-21)Serving the Lord with all humility and tearsSuffering trials which came from the JewsTeaching them publically and from house to houseTeaching both Jews and GreeksTaught repentance toward GodTaught faith in our Lord Jesus Christ
19Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Paul, Luke & others travel towards Jerusalem (20:13-21:16)Paul’s visit with the Ephesian elders at Miletus (20:17-38)Paul looking toward the future (20:22-25)On his way to JerusalemHoly Spirit testifies that bonds and afflictions await himDoes not consider his life all that important for himselfIt is only important for finish the ministry which he received from God, to preach the gospel of the grace of God
20Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Paul, Luke & others travel towards Jerusalem (20:13-21:16)Paul’s visit with the Ephesian elders at Miletus (20:17-38)Paul's farewell and word of encouragement to the elders of Ephesus (20:26-36)He had declared to them the whole purpose of GodTold to guard the flock, the church, of which the Holy Spirit had made them overseers which Jesus purchased with his own bloodSavage wolves will come to destroy the church, men will arise from among you speaking perverse things to draw away disciples away from them so they should be alertCommend them in God and His word of graceWord is able to build them up and give them the inheritanceHe did not do things for money but he worked hardIn the same way they should remember the weakRemember the words of Jesus, "It is more blessed to give than to receive"
21Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Paul, Luke & others travel towards Jerusalem (20:13-21:16)Paul’s visit with the Ephesian elders at Miletus (20:17-38)Paul says farewell (20:36-38)Knelt down with them and prays with themThey weep and say good-byeGrieved especially over the him saying he would see their faces no more
22Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Two important events to remember in Acts 20:Paul preaches in Troas and raise Eutychus from the dead.Paul meets with the Ephesian elders to encourage them.
23Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Paul and Luke travel to Jerusalem (21:1-16)The route Miletus, Cos, Rhodes, Patara (found a ship going to Phonecia, and landed at Tyre in Syria (21:1-2)Short stay in Tyre (21:3-6)Found the disciples and stayed seven daysDisciples were telling Paul through the Spirit not to go to JerusalemDeparted, church escorted them out of the city and they knelt and prayed on the beach and said goodbyeDeparted by shipDay stop in Ptolemais and greeted the brethren (21:7)Stop in Caesarea (21:8-16)
24Paul’s Third Missionary Journey – Acts 18-21 Paul and Luke travel to Jerusalem (21:1-16)Stop in Caesarea (21:8-16)Stayed for some days with Philip, the evangelistPhilip was one of the seven chosen in Acts 6 to help the Hellenistic JewsPhilip had seven virgin daughters who were prophetessAgabus the prophet arrives from Judea and warns Paul through the Holy Spirit that the Jews at Jerusalem will bind him and hand him over to the GentilesHis traveling companions and the local Christians ask him not to go to JerusalemPaul note he not only ready to be bound but to die if necessary in JerusalemPeople say, "The Lord's will be done."Lodged with a disciple named Mnason as they traveled on
28Paul “fought with beasts at Ephesus” (1 Cor. 15:32) Ephesus: TheaterPaul “fought with beasts at Ephesus” (1 Cor. 15:32)
29City of Ephesus City of Ephesus Historical development Greek colony originallyCalled an emporion – “way in” for trade inland from the harbor thereThe first temple of Artimis destroyed 356 B.C., night Alexander the Great was bornAlexander Great contributed a great deal to building the new temple – 334 B.C.Romans would control this area – 133 B.C.By N.T. time the harbor had be silted up and no usable
30City of Ephesus City of Ephesus Political and economic background Foremost city in Asia MinorApproximately 250,000 in populationLarge trading center – three main roads brought tradeFree cityPanionian games
31Column lined road that led to the harbor (now 6 miles away) CITY OF EPHESUSColumn lined road that led to the harbor (now 6 miles away)
32City of Ephesus City of Ephesus Center of the emperor cult ReligiouslyCenter of the emperor cultTemple of Artemis (Diana)Patron Goddess of the cityOne of the seven wonders of the worldLarger than Pantheon (largest Greek building)About 360 feet longThe silversmiths made figures of Artemis and felt threatened by the new teaching about Christ.
33Artemis (Roman – Diana) Artemis was also called Cynthia, from her birth place, Mount Cynthus in Delos. She was Apollo's twin sister, daughter of Zeus and Leto. She was one of the three maiden goddesses of Olympus: the pure maiden Vesta, gray-eyed Athena who cares but for war and the arts of the craftsmen, and Artemis, lover of woods and the wild chase over the mountain. She was the Lady of Wild Things, Huntsman-in-chief to the gods, an odd office for a woman. As a huntress her favorite animal was the stag, because its swiftness gave the best opportunity for her method of capture, which was by her silver bow and arrows and speed of foot.
35Artemis (Roman – Diana) Temple of ArtemisTwo kilometers outside EphesusLargest marble temple ever builtControlled financial affairsBank for wealthyInvulnerability of attacks part of sacrednessPlace of refuge and a schoolLoaned money, collected taxes, owned landThirty ancient sites located but Ephesus centralDestroyed in A.D. 260 when Goths sacked Ephesus
36“Ornament of the whole Province of Asia” Temple of Artemis“Ornament of the whole Province of Asia”
37Statue of Artemis – Nature Goddess Nature goddess associated with carnal fertility rituals, orgiastic rites and religious prostitutionArtimis cult was associated a meteoric stone, the “image which fell down from Jupiter.”
39City of Ephesus New Testament background Paul visited on 2nd missionary journeyLeft Aquila and Priscilla in EphesusThey taught ApollosThird missionary journey, Paul stayed over two yearsGospel spread throughout Asia Minor (Acts 19:10)Paul had a close relationship with Christian leaders their (20:17-38)Timothy left in Ephesus by Paul (2 Tim.)Ephesus mentioned in Rev. 2