Presentation on theme: "“I have set eyes on the wall of lofty Babylon on which is a road for chariots, and the statue of Zeus by the Alpheus, and the hanging gardens, and the."— Presentation transcript:
“I have set eyes on the wall of lofty Babylon on which is a road for chariots, and the statue of Zeus by the Alpheus, and the hanging gardens, and the Colossus of the Sun, and the huge labour of the high pyramids, and the vast tomb of Mausolus; but when I saw the house of Artemis that mounted to the clouds, those other marvels lost their brilliancy, and I said, 'Lo, apart from Olympus, the Sun never looked on aught so grand.” -Antipater Greek Anthology IX.58, Ca. 140 BCE Can you identify all the wonders in this picture? Hint: Some are not mentioned in the poem above!
Many Greeks, such as Antipater, Herodotus, Strabo, Philo of Byzantium, and Diodorus of Siciliy, wrote about the supposed “wonders” of the world at their time. Many Greek tourists used their lists when planning trips. In a way, they provided guidebooks for travelers! Using the following link, try to answer these questions: What geographical location are all of the sites centered around? What do you think the reason for this was? http://www.unmuseum.org/wmap.htm
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon The Hanging Gardens were not literally hanging. See if you can find out why they earned that name here http://www.unmuseum.org/hangg.htm The gardens were built by a Babylonian ruler named Nebuchadnezzar II. Find out a little more about him, and why he built this massive structure. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Nebuchadnezzar Year built: 605-562 BCEYear destroyed: After the 1 st C. BCE Built by: BabyloniansCause of destruction: Earthquake
THE STATUE OF ZEUS AT OLYMPIA See if you can find out why the Olympics were held in the same city as this legendary temple! (Hint: Look under the FAQs) Olympia: http://www.perseus.tu fts.edu/Olympics/ Year Built: ca. 432 BCE Built By: Greeks Year Destroyed: 5 th - 6 th C. CE Destroyed By: Fire See if you can find out how tall this massive statue was! http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sta tue_of_Zeus_at_Olympia Need to brush up on your Greek mythology? Read more about Zeus at these 2 sites: http://www.historyforkids.org /learn/greeks/religion/zeus.h tm http://www.pantheon.org/arti cles/z/zeus.html
TEMPLE OF ARTEMIS AT EPHESUS Year Built: ca. 550 BCEYear Destroyed: July 21 st, 356 BCE Built By: Lydians, Persians, & GreeksDestroyed by: Arson Temple Documentary Ephesus was home to a famous style of statuary called the Ephesian Artemis. Find out more about this style here.here Even though this was a Greek temple, it wasn’t actually in Greece. It was in Ephesus, a city in Asia Minor, which was colonized and ruled by Greeks at different times in history. Interested in ancient architecture? Watch how they actually built such an enormous structure here.here Find out about the sacrifices performed at this temple, and its needless destruction.
MAUSOLEUM AT HALICARNASSUS Date Built: 353-350 BCEDate Destroyed: By 1494 AD Built By: Carians, Persians, & GreeksDestroyed By: Earthquake & eventually disassembled by Crusaders
COLOSSUS OF RHODES Date Built: Ca. 290-280 BCE Date Destroyed: 226 BCE Destroyed By; Earthquake Built By: Greeks Who was this massive figure, man or god? Find out here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colossus_of_Rhodes Read about the “modern” colossus here. What is this modern colossus, and how does the poet contrast the purpose of each statue?here *Hint: Click on the link for the “historical document” for the complete poem*
LIGHTHOUSE OF ALEXANDRIA Date Built: Ca. 280 BCE Built By: Hellenistic Egypt Date Destroyed: 1303-1480 CE Destroyed By: Earthquake Why was this lighthouse so special? Read more here: http://www.kidsgen.com/wonders_of_the_world/lighthouse_of_alexa ndria.htm Did you know… The lighthouse was built on the island of Pharos, just off the coast of Alexandria. Pharos became the word for lighthouse in Latin (pharos), Spanish (faro), and French (phare)! The lighthouse construction was begun by Ptolemy, a general of Alexander the Great and first ruler of Hellenistic Egypt, and completed by his son Ptolemy II. Find out more about the Ptolemaic dynasty here! http://encyclopedia.kids.net.au/page/pt/Ptolemaic_Empire Lighthouse Documentary
The Great Pyramid of Giza Date Built: 2580-2560 BCE Built By: Egyptians Date destroyed: Never! To get an idea of how tall this pyramid really is, look at the people standing at the bottom.
Remember this picture? See how many monuments you can identify now!
1.What are the “official” 7 Wonders of the Ancient World? 2.Who decided which monuments were part of the “list”? 3.Why were these lists even made? 4.Where were the wonders generally located, and why? Also, consider physical geography and transportation during the ancient world. 5.What typically caused the destruction of these monuments? How would you describe these causes? 6.Which wonders are still standing today? Why do you think it/they were able to withstand destruction?