Presentation on theme: "“Grammar to Explain” 1) Must I attend the meeting? [ 의무 · 필요 ] ― Yes, you must. / No, you needn't.(=No, you don’t have to.) 2) You must not sing in the."— Presentation transcript:
“Grammar to Explain” 1) Must I attend the meeting? [ 의무 · 필요 ] ― Yes, you must. / No, you needn't.(=No, you don’t have to.) 2) You must not sing in the dormitory. [ 금지 ] 3) He must be very hungry now. [ 현재의 확신 : ∼임에 틀림없다 ] ☎ have to 와 must 는 위 1) 의 의미로 비슷하게 쓰이나, 아래의 문장을 외국인에게 말할 때는 주의를 요한다. You must see my manager. 이는 “ 당신은 반드시 우리 부장님을 만나야 해 ” 라는 강압적인 의미로 그 외국인에게 해석되기 때문이다. 우리가 흔히 쓰는 must 가 우리를 매우 오만한 국민으로 만들 수 있다.
Maxims Introduced by Teacher You must give greatly to find greatly. from Robert Maclver's “The Pursuit of Happiness” Among you there must not be even a hint of sexual immorality. from Ephesian ( 에베소書 ) 5 : 3 A book must be an ice-ax to break the seas frozen inside our soul. Franz Kafka (1883-1924) Austrian novelist Happiness must be, for most men, achievement rather than a gift of the gods. from Bertrand Russell's “The Conquest of a Happiness”
Maxims Translated by Student The liberty of the individual must be thus far limited; he must not make himself a nuisance to other people. William Penn (1644-1718) British clergyman Fame is something which must be won; honor is something which must not be lost. A. Schopenhauer (1788-1860) German philosopher You have to believe in yourself. That's the secret. 젊은 시절의 역경을 이겨내고 명배우가 된 Charlie Chaplin If you are the strong silent type, you don't have to be flowery or sentimental. from F. Bouer's “That Art to Parting”
“My Maxim” Activity 인생을 살다 보면 유쾌하고 부담 없는 일뿐만 아니라 불쾌하고 힘든 일까지 감수해야만 합니다. 이 내용을 다음의 명언들처럼 여러분도 지어 보세요. 1. You have to take the bitter with the sweet. 2. You have to take the rough with the smooth. 3. You have to take the unpleasant with the pleasant. You have to take the thorn with the rose.