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Revelation Outline Introduction. (ch. 1) Introduction. (ch. 1) 1.The Seven Letters to the Seven Churches (chs. 2-3) 2.The Vision of the Seven Seals (4:1-8:5)

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Presentation on theme: "Revelation Outline Introduction. (ch. 1) Introduction. (ch. 1) 1.The Seven Letters to the Seven Churches (chs. 2-3) 2.The Vision of the Seven Seals (4:1-8:5)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Revelation Outline Introduction. (ch. 1) Introduction. (ch. 1) 1.The Seven Letters to the Seven Churches (chs. 2-3) 2.The Vision of the Seven Seals (4:1-8:5) 3.The Vision of the Seven Trumpets (8:6- 11:19) 4.The Seven Visions (chs. 12-15) 5.The Vision of the Seven Bowls (ch. 16) 6.The Victory over Antichrist (chs. 17-19) 7.The Victory over Satan (20:1-22:5) Conclusion. (22:5-21) Conclusion. (22:5-21)

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6 The Riot that Almost Was NIV Acts 19:29 Soon the whole city was in an uproar. The people seized Gaius and Aristarchus, Paul's traveling companions from Macedonia, and rushed as one man into the theater. NIV Acts 19:31 Even some of the officials of the province, friends of Paul, sent him a message begging him not to venture into the theater.

7 The Riot that Almost Was NIV Acts 19:32 The assembly was in confusion: Some were shouting one thing, some another. Most of the people did not even know why they were there. NIV Acts 19:35 The city clerk quieted the crowd and said: "Men of Ephesus, doesn't all the world know that the city of Ephesus is the guardian of the temple of the great Artemis and of her image, which fell from heaven?

8 The Riot that Almost Was NIV Acts 19:40 As it is, we are in danger of being charged with rioting because of today's events. In that case we would not be able to account for this commotion, since there is no reason for it." 41 After he had said this, he dismissed the assembly.

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10 Letter to Ephesus Ephesus had the best of both worlds. It had a thriving port where the Caystar River flows into the Aegean Sea and fertile plains surrounding it for an abundance of livestock and agriculture. It had its own great industry and consequent wealth. Ephesus had the best of both worlds. It had a thriving port where the Caystar River flows into the Aegean Sea and fertile plains surrounding it for an abundance of livestock and agriculture. It had its own great industry and consequent wealth.

11 Letter to Ephesus Ephesus was very cosmopolitan. It was said that Ephesus was the only Roman city with more wealth and art than Rome. It also had the beautiful and huge temple of Diana (the hunter). Ephesus was very cosmopolitan. It was said that Ephesus was the only Roman city with more wealth and art than Rome. It also had the beautiful and huge temple of Diana (the hunter).

12 Great Nurturer. Great Hunter.

13 Letter to Ephesus Diana was the twin sister of Apollo. Her statues had numerous breasts to show how she loved to nourish all creation. A belief arose that the worship of Diana encompassed all other religions. In other words, all religions reflected (in part) the worship of Diana. She also bestowed the virtues of purity and devotion. Diana was the twin sister of Apollo. Her statues had numerous breasts to show how she loved to nourish all creation. A belief arose that the worship of Diana encompassed all other religions. In other words, all religions reflected (in part) the worship of Diana. She also bestowed the virtues of purity and devotion.

14 Letter to Ephesus Diana pledged herself to be a pure minded virgin forever. Diana pledged herself to be a pure minded virgin forever. In one legend, while she bathed, she turned a “Peeping Tom” into a stag who was quickly ripped apart and eaten by her hunting hounds. In one legend, while she bathed, she turned a “Peeping Tom” into a stag who was quickly ripped apart and eaten by her hunting hounds.

15 Letter to Ephesus Christians met fierce opposition when they did not participate in her worship. After all, wouldn’t any decent person support the worship of the one who gives life, virtue, and devotion? The denial of her supposed rightful worship was seen as contemptible. Not to mention, local tourism thrived on her worship. Christians met fierce opposition when they did not participate in her worship. After all, wouldn’t any decent person support the worship of the one who gives life, virtue, and devotion? The denial of her supposed rightful worship was seen as contemptible. Not to mention, local tourism thrived on her worship.

16 Letter to Ephesus Her formal season of worship was in May when many devoted pagan pilgrims came to Ephesus. Paul arrived at such time and created quite a ruckus when he said that the worship of Diana was no worship at all. Her formal season of worship was in May when many devoted pagan pilgrims came to Ephesus. Paul arrived at such time and created quite a ruckus when he said that the worship of Diana was no worship at all.

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20 Letter to Ephesus NIV Revelation 2:1 "To the angel of the church in Ephesus write: These are the words of him who holds the seven stars in his right hand and walks among the seven golden lampstands:

21 Letter to Ephesus 2 I know your deeds, your hard work and your perseverance. I know that you cannot tolerate wicked men, that you have tested those who claim to be apostles but are not, and have found them false.

22 Letter to Ephesus 3 You have persevered and have endured hardships for my name, and have not grown weary.

23 Letter to Ephesus 4 Yet I hold this against you: You have forsaken your first love. 5 Remember the height from which you have fallen! Repent and do the things you did at first. If you do not repent, I will come to you and remove your lampstand from its place.

24 Letter to Ephesus NIV 1 Corinthians 13:1 If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am only a resounding gong or a clanging cymbal. 2 If I have the gift of prophecy and can fathom all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have a faith that can move mountains, but have not love, I am nothing. 3 If I give all I possess to the poor and surrender my body to the flames, but have not love, I gain nothing.

25 Letter to Ephesus NIV 2 Corinthians 8:12 For if the willingness is there, the gift is acceptable according to what one has, not according to what he does not have.

26 Letter to Ephesus 6 But you have this in your favor: You hate the practices of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate. 7 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To him who overcomes, I will give the right to eat from the tree of life, which is in the paradise of God.

27 Letter to Ephesus NIV Acts 19:26 And you see and hear how this fellow Paul has convinced and led astray large numbers of people here in Ephesus and in practically the whole province of Asia. He says that man-made gods are no gods at all. NIV Acts 19:26 And you see and hear how this fellow Paul has convinced and led astray large numbers of people here in Ephesus and in practically the whole province of Asia. He says that man-made gods are no gods at all.

28 Letter to Ephesus They did not support religious pluralism. Nicolatians were those Christians who wanted to be Christian and tolerate the promotion and business of the Roman gods at the same time. The Ephesian Chrisitans did not allow such to hold membership in their congregation until they repented. They did not support religious pluralism. Nicolatians were those Christians who wanted to be Christian and tolerate the promotion and business of the Roman gods at the same time. The Ephesian Chrisitans did not allow such to hold membership in their congregation until they repented.

29 Letter to Ephesus Some believe the name Nicolatians refers to a Hebrew word “let us eat.” This could refer to pagan feasts surrounding the temple worship. Some believe the name Nicolatians refers to a Hebrew word “let us eat.” This could refer to pagan feasts surrounding the temple worship.

30 Letter to Ephesus The “eating” from the Tree of Life might serve as a contrast to eating at the pagan temple.

31 Letter to Ephesus Others believe the Nicolatians are those described by the early church fathers Irenaeus and Tertullian. They believed that the term came from Nicolas, a member of the first church council, who tradition states started to worship other gods with his new found freedom in Christ (Acts 6:3,5). Others believe the Nicolatians are those described by the early church fathers Irenaeus and Tertullian. They believed that the term came from Nicolas, a member of the first church council, who tradition states started to worship other gods with his new found freedom in Christ (Acts 6:3,5).

32 Letter to Ephesus If one believes either historical tradition, the term means the same: If one believes either historical tradition, the term means the same: The promotion of religious pluralism. The promotion of religious pluralism.

33 Letter to Ephesus LAW – We should not grow content in love for Christ. LAW – We should not grow content in love for Christ. LAW – Those who promote or teach religious pluralism should be admonished. LAW – Those who promote or teach religious pluralism should be admonished. GOSPEL – We have a passionate Lord whose passion inspires our love for Him. GOSPEL – We have a passionate Lord whose passion inspires our love for Him. GOSPEL – No one is more loving or providing than our Lord! GOSPEL – No one is more loving or providing than our Lord!

34 Letter to Ephesus The active congregation of Ephesus played a key role for the spread of the Christian faith throughout the Roman empire. Paul made the congregation instrumental. The active congregation of Ephesus played a key role for the spread of the Christian faith throughout the Roman empire. Paul made the congregation instrumental. The Apostle John would live his final days in Ephesus. A traditional site is marked as his grave. The Apostle John would live his final days in Ephesus. A traditional site is marked as his grave.

35 What happened to Ephesus? Ephesus remained the most important city of the Byzantine Empire in Asia after Constantinople in the 5th and 6th centuries. The emperor Constantine I rebuilt much of the city and erected a new public bath. Ephesus remained the most important city of the Byzantine Empire in Asia after Constantinople in the 5th and 6th centuries. The emperor Constantine I rebuilt much of the city and erected a new public bath. Byzantine EmpireConstantinopleConstantine I Byzantine EmpireConstantinopleConstantine I In 406 John Chrysostom, archbishop of Constantinople, ordered the destruction of the Temple of Artemis. In 406 John Chrysostom, archbishop of Constantinople, ordered the destruction of the Temple of Artemis.John ChrysostomJohn Chrysostom The basilica of St. John was built during the reign of emperor Justinian I in the sixth century. The basilica of St. John was built during the reign of emperor Justinian I in the sixth century.Justinian IJustinian I The town was again partially destroyed by an earthquake in 614. The town was again partially destroyed by an earthquake in 614.

36 What happened to Ephesus? The importance of the city as a commercial centre declined as the harbor slowly filled with silt from the river despite repeated dredges during the city's history. (Today, the harbor is 5 kilometers inland). The loss of its harbor caused Ephesus to lose its access to the Aegean Sea, which was important for trade. The importance of the city as a commercial centre declined as the harbor slowly filled with silt from the river despite repeated dredges during the city's history. (Today, the harbor is 5 kilometers inland). The loss of its harbor caused Ephesus to lose its access to the Aegean Sea, which was important for trade.

37 What happened to Ephesus? People started leaving the lowland of the city for the surrounding hills. The ruins of the temples were used as building blocks for new homes. Marble sculptures were ground to powder to make lime for plaster. People started leaving the lowland of the city for the surrounding hills. The ruins of the temples were used as building blocks for new homes. Marble sculptures were ground to powder to make lime for plaster. Sackings by the Arabs first in the year 654- 655 by caliph Muawiyah I, and later in 700 and 716 hastened the decline further. Sackings by the Arabs first in the year 654- 655 by caliph Muawiyah I, and later in 700 and 716 hastened the decline further.ArabscaliphMuawiyah IArabscaliphMuawiyah I

38 What happened to Ephesus? When the Seljuk Turks conquered it in 1071-1100, it was a small village. The Byzantines resumed control in 1100 and changed the name of the town into Hagios Theologos. They kept control of the region until 1308. Crusaders, passing through, were surprised that there was only a small village, called where they had expected a bustling city with a large seaport that was prominent in the New Testament and early Church. When the Seljuk Turks conquered it in 1071-1100, it was a small village. The Byzantines resumed control in 1100 and changed the name of the town into Hagios Theologos. They kept control of the region until 1308. Crusaders, passing through, were surprised that there was only a small village, called where they had expected a bustling city with a large seaport that was prominent in the New Testament and early Church.Seljuk TurksSeljuk Turks Even the temple of Artemis was completely forgotten by the local population. Even the temple of Artemis was completely forgotten by the local population.

39 What happened to Ephesus? Ephesus was completely abandoned in the 15th century. Ephesus was completely abandoned in the 15th century.

40 House of Mary in Ephesus? Maybe or maybe not. A Catholic mystic with carbon dating on her side have made the claim.


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